Exorganic Posthumanism and Brain-Computer Interface Technologies

Juraj Odorcak

Abstract


Transhumanism is a philosophical movement that argues in favor of technologically mediated transformation of humans. Some transhumanists claim that radical human enhancement could one day create new posthuman species. Two prominent paths could lead toward posthumans. Organic posthumanism maintains the essential role of the biological in posthumans. Exorganic posthumanism reasons for synthetic, electronic and digital qualities of future posthuman beings. This article is dedicated to the examination of the exorganic road to posthumans. Brain-computer interface technologies enable direct interaction between the mind and the virtual, therefore it is typically claimed that this technology could generate exorganic posthuman adaptations. It is argued, that current brain-computer interface technologies are under similar conceptual and ethical ambiguity, as some technologies for organic posthumanism. Brain-computer technologies are consequently tools, which are neutral regarding the posthumanism goal.


Keywords


transhumanism; posthumanism; human enhancement; brain-computer interface; bioethics

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18662/po/103

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