Factors Influencing Higher Education Teachers' Attitudes towards Unethical Use of Information Technology: A Review

Roxana Maria Ghiaţău, Liliana Mâţă

Abstract


In this article, we intend to review the factors that contribute to the non-ethical use of information technology by academics. The ultimate goal of this approach is to construct a possible explanatory model of teachers' unethical attitudes. As premises, we consider that such a model of factors must take into account several theoretical and empirical previous variables and achievements, such as: theories or models that explain the relationship between attitudes and behavior; models of ethical decision making; the environment and values of information and communication technologies (ICT); research that highlights the relationship between individual factors and ethical judgment versus ethical behavior; research that highlights the relationship between external factors and ethical judgment versus ethical behavior. Therefore, our presentation will take these support points into account in how content is structured.


Keywords


Attitude; ethics; factors; higher education; information technology; teachers

Full Text:

View PDF

References


Akdemir, Ö., Vural, Ö. F., & Çolakoglu, Ö. M. (2015). Prospective Teachers' Likelihood of Performing Unethical Behaviors in the Real and Virtual Environments. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 14(2), 130-137.

Al-Emran, M., Elsherif, H. M., & Shaalan, K. (2016). Investigating attitudes towards the use of mobile learning in higher education. Computers in Human Behavior, 56, 93-102.

Althof, W. (1990). Teachers moral judgment and interpersonal problem solving in the classroom. Paper presented at the 15th Annual Conference of the Association for Moral Education, Notre Dame University, South Bend, IN.

Anderson, M. S. (2008). Scientific inquiry: maintaining the legitimacy of the research enterprise. Proceedings of the 4th International Barcelona Conference on Higher Education, Vol 1. Ethics and relevance of scientific knowledge: what knowledge for society?. Barcelona: Global University Network for Innovation.

Beycioglu, K. (2009). A cyberphilosophical issue in education: Unethical computer using behavior–The case of prospective teachers. Computers & Education, 53(2), 201-208.

Chang, F. Y. (1994). School teachers’ moral reasoning. In J. R. Rest & D. Narvaez (Eds.), Moral development in the professions: Psychology and applied ethics (pp. 71–83). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Chubbuck, S. M., Burant, T. J., & Whipp, J. L. (2007). The presence and possibility of moral sensibility in beginning pre-service teachers. Ethics and Education, 2(2), 109-130.

Crown, D. F., & Spiller, M. S. (1998). Learning from the literature on collegiate cheating: A review of empirical research. Journal of Business Ethics, 17(6), 683-700.

Cummings, R., Dyas, L., Maddux, C. D. & Kochman, A. (2001). Principled moral reasoning and behavior of preservice teacher education students. American Education Research Journal, 38(1), 143-158.

Cummings, R., Harlow, S., & Maddux, C. D. (2007). Moral reasoning of in-service and pre-service teachers: a review of the research. Journal of Moral Education, 36(1), 67-78.

Diessner, R. (1991). Teacher education for democratic classrooms: Moral reasoning and ideology critique. In Annual Meeting of the Association for Moral Education. Athens, GA.

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (2011). Predicting and changing behavior: The reasoned action approach. Psychology Press.

Fitzmaurice, M. (2008). Voices from within: Teaching in higher education as a moral practice. Teaching in Higher Education, 13(3), 341-352.

Glor, E. (2001). Codes of conduct and generations of public servants. International review of administrative sciences, 67(3), 525-541.

Gökçe, A. (2013). Ethical awareness and ethical orientation of Turkish teachers. Education, 134(1), 35-49.

Hodges, A., Bickham, T., Schmidt, E., & Seawright, L. (2017). Challenging the profiles of a plagiarist: a study of abstracts submitted to an international interdisciplinary conference. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 13(7), 1-15.

Honig, B., & Bedi, A. (2012). The fox in the hen house: A critical examination of plagiarism among members of the Academy of Management. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 11(1), 101-123.

Hunt, S. D., & Vitell, S. J. (2006). The general theory of marketing ethics: A revision and three questions. Journal of Macromarketing, 26(2), 143-153.

Hyytinen, H., & Löfström, E. (2017). Reactively, Proactively, Implicitly, Explicitly? Academics’ Pedagogical Conceptions of how to Promote Research Ethics and Integrity. Journal of Academic Ethics, 15(1), 23-41.

Johnston, M., & Lubomudrov, C. (1987). Teachers' level of moral reasoning and their understanding of classroom rules and roles. The Elementary School Journal, 88(1), 65-77.

Jones, T. M. (1991). Ethical decision making by individuals in organizations: An issue-contingent model. Academy of Management Review, 16(2), 366-395.

Kirrane, D. E. (1990). Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics. Training and Development Journal, 44(11), 53-60.

Klein, J. (2005). A collegiate dilemma: The lack of formal training in ethics for professors. Journal of College and Character, 6(2). DOI: 10.2202/1940-1639.1417

Kogan, M. (2007). The academic profession and its interface with management. In M. Kogan, U. Teichler (Eds.), Key Challenges to the Academic Profession (pp. 161-171). Kassel: UNESCO Forum on Higher Education Research and Knowledge.

Kuusisto, E., Tirri, K., & Rissanen, I. (2012). Finnish teachers’ ethical sensitivity. Education Research International, Article ID 351879, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/351879.

Kumar, R., & MItchell, C. (2004). What happens to educational administration when organization trumps ethics?. McGill Journal of Education/ Revue des sciences de l'éducation de McGill, 39(002), 127-144.

Lambert, E. G., Hogan, N. L., & Barton, S. M. (2003). Collegiate academic dishonesty revisited: What have they done, how often have they done it, who does it, and why did they do it. Electronic Journal of Sociology, 7(4), 1-27.

Lei, J., & Hu, G. (2015). Chinese university EFL teachers’ perceptions of plagiarism. Higher Education, 70(3), 551-565.

Leonard, L. N., & Cronan, T. P. (2001). Illegal, inappropriate, and unethical behavior in an information technology context: A study to explain influences. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 1(1), 12.

Mason, R. O. (1986). Four Ethical Issues of the Information Age. MIS Quarterly, 10(1), 5-12.

Montaño, D. E., & Kasprzyk, D. (2015). Theory of reasoned action, theory of planned behavior, and the integrated behavioral model. In K. Glanz, B. K. Rimer, & K. "V." Viswanath (Eds.), Health behavior: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 95-124). San Francisco,

Mount, E. (1990). Professional ethics in context: institutions, images, and empathy. Westminster John Knox Press.

Musselin, C. (2007). The transformation of academic work: Facts and analysis. In M. Kogan, U. Teichler (Eds.), Key Challenges to the Academic Profession (pp. 175 -190). Kassel: UNESCO Forum on Higher Education Research and Knowledge.

Namlu, A. G., & Odabasi, H. F. (2007). Unethical computer using behavior scale: A study of reliability and validity on Turkish university students. Computers & Education, 48(2), 205-215.

Pavenkov, O., Pavenkov, V., & Rubtcova, M. (2015). The altruistic behavior: characteristic of future teachers of inclusive education in Russia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 187, 10-15.

Shapiro, J. P., & Stefkovich, J. A. (2005). Viewing ethical dilemmas through multiple paradigms. In J. P. Shapiro & J. A. Stefkovich (Eds.), Ethical leadership and decision making in education: Applying theoretical perspectives to complex dilemmas (pp. 10-26). Taylor and Francis.

Sims, R. R., & Brinkmann, J. (2003). Business ethics curriculum design: Suggestions and illustrations. Teaching Business Ethics, 7(1), 69-86.

Sparks, J. R., & Hunt, S. D. (1998). Marketing researcher ethical sensitivity: Conceptualization, measurement, and exploratory investigation. The Journal of Marketing, 62(2), 92-109.

Tiong, J. J. L., Kho, H. L., Mai, C. W., Lau, H. L., & Hasan, S. S. (2018). Academic dishonesty among academics in Malaysia: a comparison between healthcare and non-healthcare academics. BMC Medical Education, 18(1), 168.

Vincent-Lancrin, S. (2006). What is changing in academic research? Trends and futures scenarios. European Journal of Education, 41(2), 169-202.

Welch, A. (2005). Challenge and change: The academic profession in uncertain times. In A. Welch (Ed.), The professoriate profile of a profession (pp. 1-19), vol. 7. Dordrecht: Springer.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18662/rrem/111

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © RREM | A LUMEN Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal

Covered in | Web of Sciences (WOS); EBSCO; Google Scholar; Index Copernicus; Ideas RePeC; Econpapers; Socionet; CEEOL; Ulrich ProQuest; Cabell, Journalseek; Scipio; Philpapers; SHERPA/RoMEO repositories; KVK; WorldCat; CrossRef; CrossCheck.