Urban-Rural Educational Inequalities and Human Capital Polarization in Romania

Ana-Maria ZAMFIR


Equal access to education is among the basic human rights. However, numerous studies show that educational gaps between various groups in many countries persist (OECD, 2012). Educational inequalities are on the agenda of policy makers in many countries as they affect life chances of individuals and contribute to perpetuation of social disadvantages. In many cases, children coming from disadvantaged communities register lower school outcomes and grow up without acquiring the skills needed on the labour market. The present paper aims to analyse the level and evolution of urban-rural educational inequalities in Romania. We analyse data on educational attainment in urban and rural areas, showing how participation to education is influenced by the area of residence. It is argued that rural-urban educational inequalities determine human capital polarization, producing labour market segmentation in long term.

How to cite: Zamfir, A-M. (2017). Urban-Rural Educational Inequalities and Human Capital Polarization in Romania. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 9(3), 156-164. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/2017.0903.10


Education; Inequalities; Urban-rural gaps.

Full Text:

View PDF


Bedard, K., & Ferrall, C. (2003). Wage and test score dispersion: some international evidence. Economics of Education Review, 22, 1, 31-43.

Blau, F., & Kahn, L. (2005). Do Cognitive Test Scores Explain Higher U.S. Wage Inequality? The Review of Economics and Statistics, 87, 1, 184-193.

Brunello, G., Lodigiani, E., & Rocco, L. (2017). Does Low Skilled Immigration Cause Human Capital Polarization? Evidence from Italian Provinces, IZA DP No. 11062.

Cristescu, A., Stanila, L. & Vasilescu, D. (2014) The analysis of regional earnings inequalities in Romania. Theoretical and Applied Economics, Volume XXI, No. 8, 597 (pp. 7-18).

Field, S., Kuczera, M., & Pont, B. (2007). No More Failures: Ten Steps to Equity in Education, Paris: OECD.

Mocanu, C. (2016) Being a NEET: opinions and attitudes on education and skills In ICERI2016 Proceedings (pp.1242-250).

OECD (2012). Equity and Quality in Education: Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools. OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264130852-en

OECD (2017). Trends Shaping Education Spotlight 9. Country Roads: Education and Rural Life https://www.oecd.org/edu/ceri/spotlight9-CountryRoads.pdf

Peck, J.A. (1989). Labour market segmentation theory. Labour & Industry: a journal of the social and economic relations of work, 2, 1, 119-144.

Velciu, M. (2010) New strategical approaches on developing human capital. In Annals of Eftimie Murgu University Resita, Fascicle II, Economic Studies (pp. 332-336).

Welch, A., Helme, S., & Lamb, S. (2007) Rurality and Inequality in Education. The Australian Experience. In R. Teese, S. Lamb, M. Duru-Bellat, & S. Helme (Eds.) International Studies in Educational Inequality, Theory and Policy (pp. 602-624). Dordrecht: Springer.

Williams, J.H. (2005). Cross-national variations in rural mathematics achievement: A Descriptive Overview. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 20, 5.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Ana-Maria ZAMFIR

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © RREM | A LUMEN Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal

Covered in | Web of Sciences (WOS); EBSCO; Google Scholar; Index Copernicus; Ideas RePeC; Econpapers; Socionet; CEEOL; Ulrich ProQuest; Cabell, Journalseek; Scipio; Philpapers; SHERPA/RoMEO repositories; KVK; WorldCat; CrossRef; CrossCheck.