Promoting Ethics and Integrity in Sport: the Romanian Experience in Whistleblowing

Vasilica GRIGORE, Monica STANESCU, Marius STOICESCU

Abstract


The issue of ethics and integrity in sport is a particularly recent one, as a result of the growing number of approaches from the perspective of collaboration between people who identify violations of the rules of organization or of the way in which sports activities are conducted, and the institutions empowered to prevent such phenomena. If at international level a series of coherent and consistent measures have been agreed to prevent and sanction such violations in sport, at national level there are still many stages to undergo and measures to be implemented.

Romania is one of the first European countries to adopt legislation on the protection of whistleblowers in public institutions (2004). However, given the defamatory influence from the communist era, the enforcement of the law has not produced results at the expected level, so few are now reporting corruption situations or irregularities within different organizations.

Starting from the general aspects of whistleblowing, the paper aims to analyze this phenomenon in the Romanian sport, which has some mechanisms for defending ethics and integrity. The analysis is carried out in the framework of the international provisions on whistleblowing and highlights the gap between these provisions and the legislation specific to sport in Romania, as well as the action guidelines that can be pursued in order to bring the Romanian sport in line with the legislative frame and good practices (legal and educational) at European and global level.

The paper reflects some concerns of the UNEFS specialists regarding the issue in question, as well as the creation and implementation of some measures and programs which would lead to clean practices in sport.


Keywords


sport; ethics; integrity; whistleblowing; education.

Full Text:

View PDF

References


Blajan, A. M. (2009). Doar 9 avertizori de integritate intr-un an. De ce se tem functionarii sa denunte coruptia din institutiile lor HotNews

Cleret, L., McNamee, M., & Page, S. (2015). Sports Integrity’ Needs Sports Ethics. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, 9(1), 1-15.

Epstein, A. (2005). Whistle-blowing and the Continued Expansion of Title IX Willamette Sports Law Journal, 3(3).

ICR. (2015). Independent Commission Report Retrieved from https://www.wada-ama.org/sites/default/files/resources/files/wada_independent_commission_report_1_en.pdf

IOC. (2014). Integrity and compliance hotline Retrieved from https://secure.registration.olympic.org/en/issue-reporter

Lewis, D. R., Chen, H. S., Cockburn, M. G., Wu, X. C., Stroup, A. M., Midthune, D. N., . . . Feuer, E. J. (2018). Early estimates of cancer incidence for 2015: Expanding to include estimates for white and black races. Cancer. doi:10.1002/cncr.31315

MINEPS. (2013). Declaration of Berlin. United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organisation. . Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002211/221114e.pdf

Near, J. P., & Miceli, M. P. (1985). Organizational dissidence: The case of whistle-blowing. Journal of Business Ethics, 4(1), 1-16.

Nielsen, R. P. (2013). Whistle-Blowing Methods for Navigating Within and Helping Reform Regulatory Institutions. Journal of Business Ethics, 112(3), 385–395.

NISU. National Integrity of Sports Unit Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/anti-match-fixing-education-program

PFF. Portuguese Football Federation. Retrieved from https://integridade.fpf.pt/

Pittroff, E. (2016). Whistle-blowing regulation in different corporate governance systems: an analysis of the regulation approaches from the view of path dependence theory. Journal of Management & Governance, 20(4), 703–727

Puiu, S., & Barbu, M. C. R. (2015). Whistle blowing in public sector of Romania. Annals of University of Craiova - Economic Sciences Series, 1(43), 202-209.

TIR. (2012). Report on Whistleblowing in Romania. Transparency International Romania Retrieved from https://www.transparency.org.ro/politici_si_studii/studii/avertizarea_de_integritate_europa/RomaniaCountryReport.pdf

Treagus, M., Cover, R., & Beasley, C. (2011). Integrity in sport literature review. University of Adelaide

UEFA. Retrieved from https://integrity.uefa.org/index.php?isMobile=0

Vanugard. (2017). Whislteblower says Chinese athletes invoved in mass doping Retrieved from www.vanguardngr.com/2017/10/whistleblower-says-chinese-athletes-involved-mass-doping

WADA. Australian Gouvernment. Retrieved from https://www.asada.gov.au/report-doping

WADP. World Anti-Doping Agency. Retrieved from https://speakup.wada-ama.org/WebPages/Public/FrontPages/Default.aspx

Whitaker, L., Backhouse, S. H., & Long, J. (2014). Reporting doping in sport: national level athletes’ perception of their role in doping prevention. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24(6), 515–521.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18662/rrem/20

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © RREM | A LUMEN Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal

Covered in | Web of Sciences (WOS); EBSCO; ERIH+; Google Scholar; Index Copernicus; Ideas RePeC; Econpapers; Socionet; CEEOL; Ulrich ProQuest; Cabell, Journalseek; Scipio; Philpapers; SHERPA/RoMEO repositories; KVK; WorldCat; CrossRef; CrossCheck.