The Divine Proportion’s Incidence in Facial and Dental Aesthetics

Oprea Valentin BUSU, Elena Cristina ANDREI


As a science, facial and dental aesthetics is highly complex, the dentist being compelled to effectively exploit his abilities of reconstructing affected tissues, but also cultivate his aesthetic sense. Nowadays, dentists frequently face the patients high expectations, regarding dental structure and facial reconstruction. Most young patients tend to choose their model from the media, while patients over the age of 50 desire to have teeth like those of youth. It should also be noted that there is no concept of „cosmetic dentistry” as the teeth can only be adjusted in corellation to the face and body appearance. Thus, between physiognomy and the general appearance of the body and of the teeth a state of interdependence is in existence. One of the major errors that leads to endangering the quality of dental treatment and to patient dissatisfaction is the way in which the doctor-patient relationship is managed. If a person opts for an aesthetic treatment it is clear that it is facing a low self-esteem, in this case the dentist needing to address the disorder on two coordinates: an objective interpretation involves the sequencing of reconstructing a morphological and functional dentition and and establishing the issues related to patients notion of „beautiful”. At the same time, aesthetic dental treatment is based on the personality of the individual, the age, sex and patient's systemic diseases. The notion of „divine proportion” makes possible to perform „perfect” dental works that integrate the facial and somatic features, whose basic characteristics are symmetry, balance, continuity.


aesthetics; self-esteem; reconstructing; proportionality; Divine Proportion

Full Text:

View PDF


Ahmad, I. (2005). Anterior dental aesthetics: dental perspective. British dental journal, 199(3), 135.

Burden, D. J. (1995). The ranking of dental aesthetics. . British journal of orthodontics, 22(3), 259-261.

Busu, O. V., & Andrei, E. C. (2017). Managing a Dental Practice and How to Deal with the Patient’s Emotions. Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty, Section: Social Sciences, 6(1), 109-116

Colhon, M., Vladutescu, S., & Negrea, X. (2017). How Objective a Neutral Word Is? A Neutrosophic Approach for the Objectivity Degrees of Neutral Words. Symmetry, 9(280).

Collett, P. (2016). How to Tell what People are Thinking. . New York: HarperCollins.

Cunningham, S. J., & Johal, A. (2015). Orthognathic correction of dento-facial discrepancies. . British dental journal, 218(3), 167.

Dafinoiu, I. (2002). Personalitatea. Metode calitative de abordare. Observatia si interviul. Iasi: Polirom.

Daugaard-Jensen, I. (1957). Orthodontics and Facial Aesthetics. European Ortodontic Society(33).

Demir, F., Oktay, E. A., & Topcu, F. T. (2017). Smile and dental aesthetics: a literature review Medical Sciences, 6, 172-177.

Deva, V. (2006). Elemente de morfologie functionala a sistemului stomatognat. Craiova: Sitech.

Draghici, R., Preoteasa, C. T., Tancu, A. M. C., & Preoteasa, E. (2015). Impactul antrenamentului determinarii culorii dintilor asupra perceptiei esteticii dentare. Romanian Journal of Stomatology, 61(3), 238-242.

Dumitru, A., Budica, A. B., & Motoi, A. G. (2016). Managerial-systemic profile of a tourism company. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 13(2), 36-45.

Faure, J. C., Rieffe, C., & Maltha, J. C. (2002). The influence of different facial components on facial aesthetics. The European Journal of Orthodontics, 24(1), 1-7

Frascari, M., & Ghirardini, L. G. V. (2015). Contra divinam proportionem. . Birkhauser, Cham, 619-626.

Frunza, M., Grad, I., & Frunza, S. (2016). Aspects ethiques des stereotypes de genre dans les publicites roumaines. Essachess-Journal for Communication Studies, 9(1), 143-158.

Frunza, S. (2017). Seeking Meaning, Living Authenticity and Leadership in Public Space. A Philosophical Perspective. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences,, 13(52), 23-37.

Gilbert, K. E., & Kuhn, H. (1972). Istoria esteticii. Bucuresti: Editura Meridiane

Grabara, J., & Kot, S. (2017). Business Relations in Reverse Logistics Outsourcing. . Economic Analysis, 43(1-2), 99-107.

Hook, K., Jonsson, M. P., Stahl, A., & Mercurio, J. (2016). Somaesthetic appreciation design. Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems., 3131-3142.

Huntley, H. E. (2012). The divine proportion. Courier Corporation

Klages, U., Bruckner, A., & Zentner, A. (2004). Dental aesthetics, self-awareness, and oral health-related quality of life in young adults. The European Journal of Orthodontics, 26(5), 507-514.

Lazarescu, F. (2013). Incursiune in Estetica Dentara. Bucuresti: SSER.

Lee, J. H. (1962). Dental aesthetics. Wright, Bristol.

Lee, R. L. (2000). Standardized head position and reference planes for dento-facial aesthetics. Dentistry today, 19(2), 82-87.

Levin, E. I. (2011). The updated application of the golden proportion to dental aesthetics. . Aesthetic dentistry today, 5(3), 22-27.

Manolea, H. (2011). Materiale Dentare. Craiova: Sitech.

Moon, R. J., & Millar, B. J. (2017). Dental Aesthetics: A Study Comparing Patients’ Own Opinions with Those of Dentists. . Open Journal of Stomatology, 7(4), 225.

Naini, F. B. (2011). Facial aesthetics: concepts and clinical diagnosis. . New Jersey, United States: John Wiley & Sons.

Nanu, A. (2012). Malpraxisul medical. 7 Instrucțiuni de siguranta. Suceava: Tipolidana.

Oprea, L., & Gavrilovici, C. (2015). Bazele comportamentului individual in sanatate. . Bucuresti: PRO Universitaria.

Pacana, A., & Ulewicz, R. (2017). Research of determinants motiving to implement the environmental management system. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 16(1), 165-174

Pasca, D. M. (2006). Noi perspective in psihologia medicala. Targu Mures: Editura Ardealul.

Patroi, G. (2014). [Curs Diagnostic Oro-Dentar.].

Pichot, P. (1987). L'anxiete. . Paris: Masson

Popescu, A. M. (2015). Prescriptive Models of Intervention Strategy Choice of Manager in the Resolution of Conflict Moods. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197-202.

Popescu, R. (2014). Ocluzologie dentara. Craiova: Editura Medicala Universitara.

Popoviciu, S. (2013). Psihologie socială. O abordare contextuală a individului ca actor social. . Oradea: Editura Emanuel University.

Rickets, R. M. (1982). Divine proportion in facial aesthetics. Clin Plast Surg, 9(4), 401-422.

Rindasu, I. (1998). Proteze dentare. Bucuresti: Editura Medicala.

Rosch, E. H. (1973). Natural categories. Cognitive psychology, 4(3), 328-350.

Sandu, A. (2017). The Development of Human Resources Romanian Journal for Multidimensional Education/Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, A Qualitative Analysis(9), 2.

Shusterman, R. (2000). Living beauty, rethinking In Pragmatist aesthetics. Lanham, Maryland, United States: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Shusterman, R. (2016). Pragmatism and the philosophical life. In Practicing philosophy. Routledge

Siminica, M., Motoi, A. G., & Dumitru, A. (2017). Financial management as component of tactical management. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 16(1), 206-217.

Stanciulescu, E. (1996). Teorii sociologice ale educatiei. Iasi: Polirom.

Tatarkiewicz, W. (1978). Istoria esteticii. Bucuresti: Editura Meridiane.

Teodorescu, B. (2017). The communication between the media and tradition. Social Sciences and Education Research Review, 4(2).

Townsend, D. (2000). Introducere în estetica. Bucuresti ALL Educational.

Valceanu, A. (2004). Estetica în Medicina Dentara. Timisoara: Editura Brumar.

Vladutescu, S., Budica, I., Dumitru, A., & Stanescu, G. C. (2015). Functions and forms of managerial communication. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 12(2), 191-201

Voinea, D. V., Busu, O. V., Opran, E. R., & Vladutescu, S. (2015). Embarrassments in managerial communication. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 11(2), 171-180.

Voinea, D. V., & Negrea, X. (2017). Journalism, Between an Avant-Garde Profession and a Profession in Crisis. Social Sciences and Education Research Review, 4(1), 191-199.

Yu, H., Cheng, S. L., Zhou, J. Y., & Cheng, H. (2017). A survey on general knowledge and influencing factors of dental aesthetics among three universities students in Fuzhou city Shanghai journal of stomatology, 26(5), 510-515



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Oprea Valentin BUSU, Elena Cristina ANDREI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © RREM | A LUMEN Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal

Covered in | Web of Sciences (WOS); EBSCO; Google Scholar; Index Copernicus; Ideas RePeC; Econpapers; Socionet; CEEOL; Ulrich ProQuest; Cabell, Journalseek; Scipio; Philpapers; SHERPA/RoMEO repositories; KVK; WorldCat; CrossRef; CrossCheck.