Chaos/ Complexity Theory: The Impact of Sensitivity to Initial Conditions on Students’ Test Performance

Authors

  • Ali Taghinezhad Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa
  • Mehdi Dastpak University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom
  • Hadi Sameni University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom
  • Maryam Jamalzadeh Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University,
  • Roya Azadikhah Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
  • Mahboobeh Azadikhah Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohsen Ahkami Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Keywords:

Chaos Theory, Complexity Theory. Performance

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate empirically the application of one of the cornerstones of chaos theory, that is, sensitivity to initial conditions, to language assessment. In doing so, 20 Iranian students at masters’ level participated in this study. They were majoring in nanophysics in Islamic Azad University of Bushehr. They were sophomores aged 23 to 30. In order to ensure homogeneity, they were administered a test of reading comprehension called PET. Then, another test of reading comprehension was administered to them based on “English for the Students of Physics”. Having taken that test, the students took the same test after two weeks in different versions. The versions were created by changing the order of items. The analysis of the data showed that 75.83% of students performed better in the second version of the test. This showed the effect of changing the order of items on the students’ performance which is consistent with the principle of sensitivity to initial conditions in chaos theory. The implications of the findings will be discussed at the end of the study.

Author Biographies

Mehdi Dastpak, University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom

Mehdi Dastpak

Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran Md_dataforse@yahoo.com

Hadi Sameni, University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom


Hadi Sameni

Research Center for Noncommunicable Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran. hadisameni@gmail.com

Maryam Jamalzadeh, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University,

Maryam Jamalzadeh

Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Behesarkh Blvd., Bushehr, Iran jamalzadeh_ma@yahoo.com

Roya Azadikhah, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz

Roya Azadikhah

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Razavi Khorasan Province, Mashhad, Iran Tel.: +98 51 3841 3007 roya.azadikhah93@gmail.com

Mohsen Ahkami, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Mohsen Ahkami

Kerman University of Medical Sciences,

Haft-Bagh Highway, Kerman 7616913555, Iran Tel.: +98 34 3132 5856, Kerman, Iran

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Published

2017-12-23

How to Cite

Taghinezhad, A., Dastpak, M., Sameni, H., Jamalzadeh, M., Azadikhah, R., Azadikhah, M., & Ahkami, M. (2017). Chaos/ Complexity Theory: The Impact of Sensitivity to Initial Conditions on Students’ Test Performance. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 8(4), pp. 25-31. Retrieved from https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/brain/article/view/2100

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