Psychoprophylactic Correction of the Individual Psychological Factors of Narcotism
Keywords:addiction, social and psychological maladaptation, psychoprophylaxis, individual psychological qualities, narcotism.
AbstractThe currently available psychoprophylactic programs for the rehabilitation and resocialization of drug addicts are largely based on pedagogical measures of persuasion or coercion. However, the individual psychological determinants of addiction, which should be taken into account when organizing psychotherapeutic corrective measures, are often ignored. The aim of the study is to analyze the psychological factors that determine the propensity of individuals to addictive behavior against the background of social and psychological maladaptation. The empirical basis of the study consisted of 144 people between the ages of 20 and 40, anamnesis of who included drug dependence and social maladaptation. The experimental study included the results of interviews, observations, and the collection of formalized data using four multifactorial psychodiagnostic methods. The empirical study proved that the psychoprophylactic program of the correction of addictive behavior should include specific influences aimed at the development of neuro-psychic stability (the reduction of tension, emotional instability, uncontrolled behavioral emotional reactions); at the harmonization of the system of attitudes towards oneself (the reduction of the tendency to unproductive self-blame, intrapersonal conflict, and escapism); at the formation of productive strategies for social interaction (the reduction of rigidity and prevention of delinquent behavior). The psychoprophylactic program should direct the purposeful influence of exercises and training sessions to the reduction of the basic characteristics of the individual-psychological qualities defined in the study. Under these circumstances, the targeted impact will reduce the negative attitudes of addictive and socially maladaptive behavior.
Allen, T. J., Moeller, F. G., Rhoades, H. M., & Cherek, D. R. (1998). Impulsivity and history of drug dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 50(2), 137-145. doi:10.1016/s0376-8716(98)00023-4.
Amini, M., Mehraban, A. H., Haghani, H., Mollazade, E., & Zaree, M. (2017). Factor structure and construct validity of children participation assessment scale in activities outside of school-parent version (CPAS-P). Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 31(1), 44-60. doi:10.1080/07380577.2016.1272733.
Bornovalova, M. A., Gratz, K. L., Daughters, S. B., Nick, B., Delany-Brumsey, A., Lynch, T. R., Kosson, D., & Lejuez, C. W. (2008). A multimodal assessment of the relationship between emotion dysregulation and borderline personality disorder among inner-city substance users in residential treatment. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 42(9), 717-726. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2007.07.014.
Braggio, J. T., Pishkin, V., Gameros, T. A., & Brooks, D. L. (1993). Academic achievement in substance-abusing and conduct-disordered adolescents. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 49(2), 282-291. doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(199303)49:2<282::AID-JCLP2270490223>3.0.CO;2-N.
Bridges, L. J., Denham, S. A., & Ganiban, J. M. (2004). Definitional issues in emotion regulation research. Child Development, 75(2), 340-345.
Budzinski, W. (1993) Samoocena realizowa nia wastosel a motywaija do leczenia siez naloju u osol uzaleznionych od heroine [Self-assessment of the implementation of wastosel and motivate for the treatment of the drink network in heroin-dependent donors]. Annals Academy of Medicine Gelan, 23, 125-137. [in Polish].
Cattell, R. B., & Chevrier, J. M. (1994). The 16 PF. Fifth Edition. Institute for Personality and Ability Testing Incorporated.
Chicos, O., Perri, D., Capris, L., Bulgaru Iliescu, A. I., & Kantor, C. (2019). Social-cultural influences and personality disorders favoring drug consumption. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 10 (Special Issue on Psychiatry), 21-27.
Ciubara, A., Burlea, Ş., Săcuiu, I., Radu, D., Untu, I., & Chiriţă, R. (2015). Alcohol addiction – a psychosocial perspective. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 187, 536-540. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.03.100.
Cohen, A. (1986). Deviance and Control. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
Davis, K. L., Panksepp, J., & Normansell, L. (2014). The affective neuroscience personality scales: Normative data and implications. Neuropsychoanalysis, 5(1), 57-69. doi: 10.1080/15294145.2003.10773410.
Demto, R. (1993). A longitudinal study of the predictors of adverse effects of alcohol and marijuana/hashish use among a cohort of high Risk Youths. International Journal of the Addictions, 28(11), 1045-1083.
Garrison, С. Z., McKeown, R. F., & Vincent, М. L. (1993) Aggressions, substance use, and suicidal behaviors in high school students. American Journal of Public Health, 83, 179-184.
Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26(1), 41-54.
Gratz, K. L., Rosenthal, M. Z., Tull, M. T., Lejuez, C. W., & Gunderson, J. G. (2010). An experimental investigation of emotional reactivity and delayed emotional recovery in borderline personality disorder: The role of shame. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 51(3), 275-285. doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.08.005.
Gross, J. J., & Feldman Barrett, L. (2011). Emotion generation and emotion regulation: One or two depends on your point of view. Emotion review, 3(1), 8-16.
Holdevici, I. (1997). Elemente de Psihoterapie [Elements of Psychotherapy]. 2nd edition. [in Romanian].
Hosseinpour, S. (2019). A comparative study of emotional dimensions of personality in stimulants and opioids users. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 10(4), 28-39. doi:10.18662/brain/03.
Johnson, B. (1993). A developmental model of addictions it’s relationships to the twelve step program of alcoholics anonymous. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 10(l), 23-24.
Ketabi, S., Maher, F., & Borjali, A. (2008). Personality profile of drug addicts using Cloninger and Eysenck's two personality systems. Quarterly Journal of Research on Addiction, 2 (7), 45-54.
Lesswing, N., & Dougherty, R. (1993). Psychopathology in alcohol and cocaine dependent patients: a comparison of findings from psychological testing. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 10(1), 53-57.
Marsh, H. W., Parada, R. H., Yeung, A. S., & Healry, J. (2001). Aggressive school troublemakers and victims: a longitudinal model examining the pivotal role of self-concept. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93(2), 411-419.
McIntosh, J., & McKeganey, N. (2000). Addicts’ narratives of recovery from drug use: constructing a non-addict identity. Social Science and Medicine, 50(10), 1501-1510.
Mennin, D., & Farach, F. (2007). Emotion and evolving treatments for adult psychopathology. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 14, 329-352. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2850.2007.00094.x.
Orel, A. N. (1999). Metodika diagnostiki sklonnosti k otklonyayushhemusya povedeniyu [Methodology for diagnosing a tendency to deviant behavior]. Yaroslavl: NPCz “Psikhodiagnostika”. [in Russian].
Pantileev, S. R. (1993). Metodika issledovaniya samootnosheniya [Self-Relationship Research Methodology]. Moskva: Smysl. [in Russian].
Ramezani, Sh., Afkhamzadeh, A. R., Qorbani, H., Naimi, S, & Rahmani, S. (2019). Effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on substance dependence intensity and cognitive emotion regulation in patients under methadone maintenance treatment. Journal of Practice in Clinical Psychology, 7(3), 225-234. doi:dx.doi.org/10.32598/jpcp.7.3.225.
Reckless, W., & Smith, M. (2019). Juvenile delinquency. New York: McGraw-Hill. UNODC. Retrieved from: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/commissions/CND/session/51.html.
Robins, C. J., Keng, S. L., Ekblad, A. G., & Brantley, J. G. (2012). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on emotional experience and expression: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68(1), 117-131. doi:10.1002/jclp.20857.
Rogers, C. R., & Dymond, R. F. (1954). Psychotherapy and Personality Change: Coordinated Research Studies in the Client-Centered Approach. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
San, L., Torrens, M., Castillo, C., Porta, M., & de la Torre, R. (1993). Consumption of buprenorphine and other drugs among heroin addicts under ambulatory treatment: results from cross-sectional studies in 1988 and 1990. Addiction, 88(10), 1341-1349.
Scafe, V., & Conner, M. (1997). Health risk perception and ecstasy use. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society, 5(1), 38-47.
Schroeder, D. (1993). Is there a relationship between self-esteem and drug use? Journal of Drug Issues, 23(4), 645-665.
Sherlock, K. (1995). An investigation into social, psychological and health related aspects of ecstasy use. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society, 3(1), 26-34.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journal right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs