Effect of Calisthenics Exercise Program on Some Liver Enzyme Values and Blood Lipids

Authors

  • Mine TURĞUT Bartın University, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Bartin, Turkey, minetrgt@gmail.com http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8556-3114
  • Mücahit SARIKAYA Van Yüzüncüyıl University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Van, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/11.2/75

Keywords:

Calisthenics exercise, lipid and liver enzymes.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to research the effect of the eight week calisthenics exercise, applied to sedentary males, on some liver enzymes. 20 volunteer males, the age average of whom is 29,40 ±3, 47 years and height average of whom is 177,45±4, 89 cm, participated in the research.

The body weight, fat percentage and fasting blood sample were taken by the expert persons in the suitable laboratory environment in the healthcare institutions, determined, before and after the application of the exercise program. SPSS 22. 0 package program was used for analyzing the data obtained and independent groups test (Wilcoxon Test) was applied for comparing the descriptive statistics and the values before and after the exercise.

As a result of the findings we obtained, it was found out that there is a significant difference between the blood lipids, triglyceride, HDL, LDL, and total cholesterol levels before and after the calisthenics exercise program applied (p > 0. 05). Similarly, it was determined that there is also a significant change between the pre-test-post-test liver enzyme values (AST, ALT) (p > 0. 05).

In conclusion, it is understood that the calisthenics exercise program, we applied, provides a significant and efficient change on sedentary males physiologically from the results of the study. Starting from these findings, not needing upper level materials for applying the calisthenics exercises suggests that it is efficient to guide the sedentary males to exercise. At the same time, this exercise program being easily applicable home is important because it is thought that obtaining a healthy body mass index can also protect from cardiovascular diseases, caused by sedentary life style and the risk factors causing these diseases.

 

References

Akyol, B., Arslan, C. & Çolak, C. (2016). The effect of callisthenic exercises on pain threshold, pain severity and muscle strength on sedentary women diagnosed with upper extremity and low back pain. Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center, 23(1), 29-35. https://doi.org/10.5455/jtomc.2015.2954

Arslan, E., Kelle, M., Baylan, Y., Diken, H., Atmaca, M., Tümer, C., Obay, B., & Şermet, A. (2001). Sporcularda plazma lipid düzeylerinin kendi aralarında ve kontrollerle karşılaştırılması [Comparison of plasma lipid levels among athletes and controls]. Dicle Tıp Dergisi [Journal Of Medical School] 28(1), 23-34.

Aydin, T., Akif Sariyildiz, M., Guler, M., Celebi, A., Seyithanoglu, H., Mirzayev, I., Peru, C., Sezer, E., & Batmaz, I. (2014). Evaluation of the effectiveness of home based or hospital based calisthenic exercises in patients with multiple sclerosis. European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 18(8), 1189-1198.

Çınar, V., Talaghir, L. G., Akbulut, T., Turgut, M. & Sarıkaya, M. (2017). The effects of the zinc supplementation and weight trainings on the testosterone levels. Human Sport Medicine, 17(4), 58-63. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170407

Çınar, V., Tunçalp, Ö., Öner S., Akbulut, T., & Polat, Y. (2019). Kilolu Kadınlarda Düzenli Egzersizin Karaciğer Enzim Düzeylerine Etkisi [The Effects of Regular Exercise on Liver Enzyme Levels in Women With Weight]. Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi [Ondokuz Mayıs University Journal of Sports and Performance Researches], 10(3), 223-230. https://doi.org/10.17155/omuspd.562563

González-Ruiz, K., Ramírez-Vélez, R., Correa-Bautista, J. E., Peterson, M. D. & García-Hermoso, A. (2017). The Effects of Exercise on Abdominal Fat and Liver Enzymes in Pediatric Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Childhood Obesity, 13(4), 272-282. https://doi.org/10.1089/chi.2017.0027

Gönülateş, S., Saygın, Ö. & İrez, G. B. (2010). Düzenli yürüyüş programının 40-55 yaşları arası bayanlarda sağlık ilişkili fiziksel uygunluk unsurları ve kan lipidleri üzerine etkisi [The effect of regular walking program on health-related physical fitness elements and blood lipids in women between the ages of 40-55]. Uluslarası İnsan Bilimleri Derisi [International Journal of Human Sciences], 7, 560-570.

Hyder, M. A., Hasan, M. & Mohieldein, A. H. (2013). Comparative levels of ALT, AST, ALP and GGT in liver associated diseases. European journal of experimental biology, 3(2), 280-284.

Kim, H. J., Lee, Y. H., & Kim, C. K. (2007). Biomarkers of muscle and cartilage damage and inflammation during a 200 km run. European journal of applied physiology, 99(4), 443-447. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-006-0362-y

Neiman, D. C. (1950). Exercise testing and prescription: a health-related approach (5th ed.). Mayfield.

Özer, Y., Bozdal, Ö. & Pancar, Z. (2017). Acute effect of cırcuıt aerobıc and tradıtıonal aerobic training on hamstring flexibılıty ın sedentary women. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 3(12), 268-275.

http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.1267

Penedo, F. J., & Dahn, J. R. (2005). Exercise and wellbeing: a review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18(2), 189-193.

Pettersson, J., Hindorf, U., Persson, P., Bengtsson, T., Malmqvist, U., Werkström, V., & Ekelund, M. (2008). Muscular exercise can cause highly pathological liver function tests in healthy men. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 65(2), 253-259. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2125.2007.03001.x

Rus, C. M., Talaghir, L. G., Iconomescu, T. M. & Petrea, R. G. (2019) Curriculum changes in secondary school physical education and sport subject in the Romanian education system. Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala, 66, 342-363.

Bozlak, S. (2019). Sayokan Sporcularına Uygulanan Kalistenik Egzersizlerin Esneklik, Kuvvet Ve Denge Yetileri Üzerine Etkisinin İncelenmesi (Yüksek Lisans Tezi) [Investigation of the Effect of Calisthenic Exercises Applied to Sayokan Athletes on Flexibility, Strength and Balance Abilities] [Unpublished thesis]. Kırıkkale Üniversitesi.

Srivastava, R. (2016). Effect of Pilates, Calisthenics and Combined Exercises on Selected Physical Motor Fitness. Isara Publications.

Talaghir, L. G., Gheonea, V., Rus, C. M., Cretu, C. M. & Iconomescu, T. M. (2018). Statistical analysis of hospitalized morbidity indicators based on DRG in Romanian Public Hospitals. Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala, 61, 163-186.

Tarhan M. A. (2019). Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Yüksek Şiddetli Aralıklı Egzersiz Ve Orta Şiddetli Aerobik Egzersizin Kognitif Fonksiyonlardan Seçici Dikkat Üzerine Olan Akut Etkilerinin Karşılaştırılması (Tıpta Uzmanlık Tezi) [Comparison of Acute Effects of High Intensity Interval Exercise and Moderate Intensity Aerobic Exercise on Selective Attention from Cognitive Functions in University Students] [Unpublished thesis]. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi.

Tran, Z. V. & Weltman, A. (1985). Differential effects of exercise on serum lipid and lipoprotein levels seen with changes in body weight: A Meta–Analysis. JAMA, 254, 919–24.

Uadia, P. O., Orumwensodia, K. O, Arainru, G. E, Agwubike, E. O. & Akpata, C. B. N. (2016). Effect of physical and flexibility exercise on plasma levels of some liver enzymes and biomolecules of young Nigerian adults. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 15(2), 421-425. https://doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v15i2.28

Wikkerink, S. (2016). The Acute Effect of Exercise Intensity on Cognitive Function [Unpublished thesis]. University Of Waterloo.

Wang, S. T., Zheng, J., Peng, H. W., Cai, X. L., Pan, X. T., Li, H. Q., Hong, Q. Z. & Peng, X. E. (2020). Physical activity intervention for non-diabetic patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC Gastroenterol, 20, 66. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12876-020-01204-3

Yalın, S., & Gök, H. (2001). Egzersiz Ve Lipidler. Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi, 29(12), 762-769.

Downloads

Published

2020-07-03

How to Cite

TURĞUT, M., & SARIKAYA, M. (2020). Effect of Calisthenics Exercise Program on Some Liver Enzyme Values and Blood Lipids. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 11(2), 72-81. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/11.2/75

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now