Psychological Aid to Victims of War and the Covid Pandemic - 19 in Ukraine

Authors

  • Olga Samara National University "Odesa Law Academy"
  • Veronika Shkrabiuk Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
  • Marianna Kompanovych The Private Soint-Stock Company "Higher Education Institution "Interregional Academy of Personnel Management"
  • Svitlana Liebiedieva National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine
  • Nataliia Mateiko Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
  • Oksana Shelever State University “Uzhhorod National Universiti”

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/13.4/385

Keywords:

Psychotrauma, stress, crisis, neuropsychological correction, self-help, inner resources, psychotherapeutic and psychological approaches, psychotherapy

Abstract

The article reflects theoretical, methodological and methodical bases of psychological aid to victims of unexpected crisis-military situations on the background of coronovirus pandemics spreading. The essence of psychological self-help as a factor of stress-resistance and internal psychological potential of resisting psychological traumas in the conditions of war and viral pandemics with the propositions of effective methodological means of its conducting is revealed. In providing psychological aid, the cognitive-behavioral approach was deemed effective as the basic one, and it was suggested that integrative psychotherapeutic and comprehensive psychological approaches to crisis counseling in conditions of military conflict be applied, depending on the specifics of survivors' experience of acute emotional reactions and the complexity of the course of posttraumatic stress disorders of resistance to the action of a psychotraumatic factor. Neuropsychological correction deserves special attention in providing psychological aid in conditions of military conflict and pandemics, which allows a combination of an integrated body-oriented psychological approach with neuro-psycho-correctional techniques and psychotherapeutic methods for effective restoration of the tone of the nervous system and stabilization of the psycho-emotional state. The main provisions of practical psychology that in conditions of war and pandemic COVID-19 the adaptive potential of psychological health of each person and psychological self-help is love, faith and hope. Psychological recommendations of educational character for the formation of basic skills to ensure psychological health in conditions of war and pandemic COVID-19 have been developed.

Author Biographies

Olga Samara, National University "Odesa Law Academy"

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology

Veronika Shkrabiuk, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of General and Clinical Psychology Department

Svitlana Liebiedieva, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine

Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior researcher, the Leading Researcher of the Research Laboratory of Extreme and Crisis Psychology of the Research Center

Oksana Shelever, State University “Uzhhorod National Universiti”

Candidate of Science in Pedagogy, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology

References

Almoshmosh, N. (2016). The role of war trauma survivors in managing their own mental conditions, Syria civil war as an example. (2016). Avicenna Journal of Medicine, 6(2), 54–59. https://doi.org/10.4103%2F2231-0770.179554

Aminoff, V., Sellén, М., Sörliden, Е., Ludvigsson, М., Berg, М., & Andersson, G. (2021). Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for psychological distress associated with the COVID-19 pandemic: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.684540

Barlow, D. H., Sauer-Zavala, S., Carl, J. R., Bullis, J. R., & Ellard, K. K. (2014). The nature, diagnosis, and treatment of neuroticism: Back to the future. Clinical Psychological Science, 2(3). 344–365. https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702613505532

Berbets, T., Berbets, V., Babii, I., Chyrva, O., Malykhin, A., Sushentseva, L., MEDYNSKII, S., Riaboshapka, O., Matviichuk, T., Solovyov, V., Maksymchuk, I., & Maksymchuk, B. (2021). Developing independent creativity in pupils: neuroscientific discourse and ukraine’s experience. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 12(4), 314-328. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/12.4/252

Binson, B., & Lev-Wiesel, R. (2017). Promoting personal growth through experiential learning: the case of expressive arts therapy for lecturers in Thailand. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 2276. https://doi.org/10.3389%2Ffpsyg.2017.02276

Bondarchuk, O. I. (2016). Sotsialʹno-psykholohichni problemy hotovnosti praktychnykh psykholohiv do nadannya psykholohichnoyi dopomohy osobam, yaki berutʹ uchastʹ v ATO, ta chlenam yikh simey [Socio-psychological problems of readiness of practical psychologists to provide psychological assistance to persons participating in the ATO - Anti-Terrorist Operation, and members of their families]. In Proceedings of the interagency scientific and practical conference, Kiev. phttps://dspace.uzhnu.edu.ua/jspui/bitstream/lib/13539/2/Збірник_ч1%2030.03.16%20АТО.pdf

Demchenko, I., Maksymchuk, B., Bilan, V., Maksymchuk, I., & Kalynovska, I. (2021). Training future physical education teachers for professional activities under the conditions of inclusive education. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 12(3), 191-213. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/12.3/227

Duan, L., & Zhu, G. (2020). Psychological interventions for people affected by the COVID-19 epidemic. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), 300–302. https://doi.org/10.1016%2FS2215-0366(20)30073-0

Karasievych, S., Maksymchuk, B., Kuzmenko, V., Slyusarenko, N., Romanyshyna, O., Syvokhop, E., Kolomiitseva, O., Romanishyna, L., Marionda, I., Vykhrushch, V., Oliinyk, M., Kovalchuk, A., Halaidiuk, M., & Maksymchuk, I. (2021). Training future physical education teachers for physical and sports activities: Neuropedagogical approach. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 12(4), 543-564. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/12.4/264

Karpenko, Y. (2015). Metody suchasnoyi psykhoterapiyi [Methods of the modern psychotherapy]. Drogobych: Prosvita.

Kisarchuk, Z. H., Omelchenko, Ya. M, Lazos, H. P, Lytvynenko, L. I, & Tsarenko, L. H. (2015). Psykholohichna dopomoha postrazhdalym vnaslidok kryzovykh travmatychnykh podiy [Psychological aid to victims of crisis traumatic events]. Kiev: LLC Publishing house "Logos".

Maksymenko, S. D., Prokofyeva, O. O., Tsarkova, O. V., & Kochkurova, O. V. (2015). Praktykum iz hrupovoyi psykhokorektsiyi [Practicum on group psychocorrection]. Melitopol: Publishing-polygraphic Center "Lux".

Murtny, R. S., & Lakshminarayana, R. (2006). Mental health consequences of war: A brief review of research findings. World Psychiatry, 5(1), 25–30. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1472271/

Myronchak, K. V. (2020). Zustrich zi smertyu: sposoby orhanizatsiyi zhyttyevoho dosvidu [The encounter with doom]: methods of organizing life experience]. Kropyvnytskiy : Imeks-Ltd.

Nenko, Y., Medynskyi, S., Maksymchuk, B., Lymarenko, L., Rudenko, L., Kharchenko, S., Kolomiets, A., & Maksymchuk, I. (2022). Communication training of future sports coaches in the context of neurophysiological patterns. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 13(1), 42-60. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/13.1/268

Rzeszutek, M., Lis-Turlejska, M., Krajewska, A., Zawadzka, A., Lewandowski, M., & Szumiał, S. (2020). Long-Term psychological consequences of world war ii trauma among polish survivors: A mixed-methods study on the role of social acknowledgment. Frontiers in Psychology, 26. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00210

Sarancha, I., Maksymchuk, B., Gordiichuk, G., Berbets, T., Berbets, V., Chepurna, L., Golub, V., Chernichenko, L., Behas, L., Roienko, S., Bezliudna, N., Rassskazova, O., & Maksymchuk, I. (2021). Neuroscientific principles in labour adaptation of people with musculoskeletal disorders. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 12(4), 206-223. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/12.4/245

Schöller, H., Viol, K., Aichhorn, W., Hütt, M. T., & Schiepek, G. (2018). Personality development in psychotherapy: a synergetic model of state-trait dynamics. Cognitive Neurodynamics, 12(5), 441–459. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11571-018-9488-y

Smith, P, Dyrehrov, E, & Yule, U. (2016). Dity ta viyna: navchannya tekhnik ztsilennya [Children and war: Teaching healing techniques]. Lviv. http://ipz.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/dity_fin_ispp-1.pdf

Tsarenko, L. H. (2016). Ekstremalʹni chynnyky rozladiv adaptatsiyi u viysʹkovosluzhbovtsiv, yaki berutʹ uchastʹ v ATO [Extreme factors of adaptation disorders in soldiers participating in the ATO]. In Proceedings of the interdepartmental scientific and practical conference (pp. 187-190). Kyiv. https://dspace.uzhnu.edu.ua/jspui/bitstream/lib/13539/2/Збірник_ч1%2030.03.16%20АТО.pdf

Turynina, O. L. (2017). Psykholohiya travmuyuchykh sytuatsiy [Psychology of traumatic situations]. Kyiv: SE "Personnel".

Weiner, L, Berna, F, Nourry, N, Severac, F, Vidailhet, P., & Mengin, А. С. (2020). Efficacy of an online cognitive behavioral therapy program developed for healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: the REduction of STress (REST) study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 21(1), 870. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04772-7

World Health Organization. (2017). Vsesvitnya orhanizatsiya okhorony zdorovʺya [First psychological help: a guide for staff]. Kyiv : University Publishers PULSARY. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44615/9786176150787-ukr.pdf?sequence=72

Xin, S., Shijiao, Y., Hui, C., Jing, F., Zihui, L., Weixin, Z., Chuanzhu, L., & Yong, G. (2021). Current status and associated factors of depression and anxiety among the chinese residents during the period of low transmission of COVID-19. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.700376

Zlobin, Y. D. (2005). Psikhologicheskaya korrektsiya lichnosti: zadachi, podkhody, priemy [Psychological correction of the personality: objectives, approaches, techniques]. Chelyabinsk.

Downloads

Published

2022-12-21

How to Cite

Samara, O., Shkrabiuk, V., Kompanovych, M., Liebiedieva, S., Mateiko, N., & Shelever, O. (2022). Psychological Aid to Victims of War and the Covid Pandemic - 19 in Ukraine. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 13(4), 227-241. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/13.4/385

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >> 

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now