Speech Therapy as a Component of Comprehensive Rehabilitation of Patients with Acute Impairment of Cerebral Circulation

Authors

  • Nataliia Vasylieva Kherson State University
  • Myroslava Kulesha-Liubinets Vasyl Stefanyk Preсarpathian National University
  • Kateryna Trubaieva Kherson State University
  • Mariana Dub State Universiti "Uzhhorod National University"
  • Yulia Ribtsun National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine
  • Nataliia Ivantsev Vasyl Stefanyk Preсarpathian National University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/13.3/361

Keywords:

Stroke, speech disorders, physical therapy, speech therapy

Abstract

The article reveals the essence of speech and speech therapy as a component of the rehabilitation process in restoring the health of patients who have suffered acute impairment of cerebral circulation. The concept of cerebral vascular insufficiency was analyzed, which refers to cerebral physiological changes in old age and associated conditions of speech impairment. Vascular diseases of the brain are not only a medical problem, but also a social one: they cause enormous damage to the economy, considering the costs of treatment, medical rehabilitation, and losses in production. The effectiveness of motor recovery after an ischemic stroke in the early recovery period depends largely on timely rehabilitation. Physical exercises have a positive effect on the recovery of the body systems of people who have had an ischemic stroke.

The most frequent consequences of stroke in about 40-50% of the total number of patients are disorders of speech function, manifested in the form of aphasia and dysarthria, which are often combined with pathology of other higher mental functions (various types of agnosia and apraxia).

Today, speech therapy is practiced by specialists both as a separate method and in combination with other techniques, and is used in individual and group work, including work with patients who have had an acute impairment of cerebral circulation.

Author Biographies

Nataliia Vasylieva, Kherson State University

Ph.D of Biology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Physical Therapy and Ergotherapy

Myroslava Kulesha-Liubinets, Vasyl Stefanyk Preсarpathian National University

PhD (Psychology), Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the  Department of General and Clinical Psychology

Kateryna Trubaieva, Kherson State University

Graduate student

Mariana Dub, State Universiti "Uzhhorod National University"

Candidate in Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Physical Rehabilitation Ph. D. in Health Sciences, Associate Professor

Yulia Ribtsun, National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine

PhD (Education), Senior researcher, Senior researcher of the Department of Speech Therapy, Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of Special Pedagogy and Psychology

Nataliia Ivantsev, Vasyl Stefanyk Preсarpathian National University

PhD (Psychology), Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the  Department of General and Clinical Psychology

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Published

2022-09-30

How to Cite

Vasylieva, N., Kulesha-Liubinets, M., Trubaieva, K., Dub, M., Ribtsun, Y., & Ivantsev, N. (2022). Speech Therapy as a Component of Comprehensive Rehabilitation of Patients with Acute Impairment of Cerebral Circulation. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 13(3), 181-194. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/13.3/361

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