The Influence of Physical Activity Regime on Body Composition in Teenagers With and Without Intellectual Disabilities

Authors

  • Alexandru-Rareș Puni Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Adrian Cojocariu Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Doctoral School in Sports and Physical Education Science, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Romania
  • Beatrice-Aurelia Abalașei Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Lucian Popescu Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Florentina-Petruța Martinaș Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Codruța-Florina Bulduș Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, Babeş Bolyai University, Cluj Napoca, Romania
  • Elena Tătăranu Faculty of Medicine and Biological Sciences, “Stefan cel Mare” University of Suceava, Romania
  • Cristian Popa Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Ovidius University of Constanta, Romania
  • Carmen Ene-Voiculescu Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Doctoral School in Sports and Physical Education Science, Ovidius University of Constanta, Romania
  • Carmen Pârvu Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati, Romania
  • Bogdan-Constantin Ungurean Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/15.1/558

Keywords:

body composition, physical activity, intellectual disability

Abstract

This study aims to assess several morphofunctional parameters in female teenagers with and without intellectual disability to characterise normality and its disturbances. More precisely, the purpose was to examine the factors contributing to the differences in body composition elements between groups, such as the physical activity level. To evaluate these parameters, we used bioelectrical impedance analysis technology (BIA), most commonly used in studies concerning body composition because it is non-invasive, quick, with high data fidelity; it can be easily moved to various locations and applied straightforwardly among populations with diverse types of intellectual disability. Our research sample comprised 212 subjects (boys and girls) aged 17.1±0.6, divided into six groups by gender and type of intellectual disability.  The study found influences of physical activity level on body composition components. In addition, we report a highly significant relationship for p<0.05, body mass index and the independent variable (No. of min./week) in some groups.

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Published

2024-02-06

How to Cite

Puni, A.-R., Cojocariu, A., Abalașei, B.-A., Popescu, L., Martinaș, F.-P., Bulduș , C.-F. ., Tătăranu , E. ., Popa, C., Ene-Voiculescu, C. ., Pârvu, C. ., & Ungurean, B.-C. (2024). The Influence of Physical Activity Regime on Body Composition in Teenagers With and Without Intellectual Disabilities. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 15(1), 377-397. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/15.1/558

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