The Peculiarities of the Administrative-Legal Status of Anti-Corruption Bodies in Ukraine
Keywords:Anti-corruption activities, special bodies, Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine, Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office, State Bureau of Investigation, The National Agency of Ukraine for Detection, Search and Management of Assets Resulting from Corruption and Other Crimes
The review of specially created Ukrainian anti-corruption bodies shows that their system, status and powers face a few problems of applied nature. Among them, we might differentiate country’s complicated economic situation; reluctance of state’s political leaders to drastically change the paradigm of ensuring the effective functioning of anti-corruption bodies; mistakes in forming the bodies of public power; irrelevance of the results in the work of certain anti-corruption bodies compared to initial expectations; a critically low level of society’s and citizens’ trust to the above bodies and to the anti-corruption policy on the whole.
The present-day paradigm of anti-corruption activity is based on the analysis of the structure of such bodies, their powers, and the efficiency of their functioning. The effectiveness of anti-corruption bodies is determined not only by their powers, but primarily by the effectiveness of their interaction. It may be ascertained through not only the assessment and analysis of statistical data, but also through a comparison of the powers, these bodies are entitled with. The latter are an integral part of the administrative and legal status. Therefore, in this paper, we have made an attempt to investigate the system of anti-corruption bodies in Ukraine in a combination with their administrative-legal status.
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