THE LEGAL NATURE OF ”PRE-CONTRACTUL OBLIGATIONS”:CONDITIONS OF VALIDITY IN THE CONSUMER CONTRACT
Keywords:Relevant Legislation: Civil Code art. 1166-1323, Law no. 296/2004 on the Consumer Code, Government’s Ordinance no. 21/1992 on consumer protection
This paper aims to briefly analyze the legal nature of “the pre-contractual obligations” regarding the information, counselling and safety elements that are specific to the consumer legislation.
From the perspective of consumerist regulations, “the pre-contractual obligations” occur during the formation of the contract stage although in the civil contract the obligations of the parties designate the effects of the contract.
In these circumstances, the following question arises: are “the pre-contractual obligations” laid down in the Consumer Code conditions of validity or effects (obligations) of the contract?
This dispute is a part of the harmonization process of the institutions that are specific to the legislation of consumption with those of the contract as laid down in the Civil Code (the ordinary law in the matter).
The paper is structured in four parts: “Introduction”, “The Stages of the Civil Contract: the Conditions of Validity, Conclusion, Effects and Termination”, “The Pre-Contractual Obligations as Laid Down in the Consumer Code” and “The Legal Character of the Pre-Contractual Obligations.” This legal undertaking ends with conclusions.
J., Calais-Auloy; H., Temple, (2015), Droit de la consommation, Dalloz, Paris, 2015;
D., Chirică, Obligația de informare și efectele ei în faza precontractuală a vânzării-cumpărării, In R.D.C. No. 7-8/1999;
N., L., Hereaux, (2000), Droit de la consommation, Yvon Blais Inc., Quebec, 2000;
Fr., Deak, St. Cărpenaru, (1993), Contracte civile și comerciale, Lumina Lex Publishing, Bucharest;
A., Gheorghe, C., Spasici, D.S., Arjoca, (2012), Dreptul consumației, Hamangiu Publishing, Bucharest;
J., Goicovici, (2006), Dreptul consumației, Sfera Juridică Publishing, Cluj-Napoca;
L., Pop, Obligația de informare – mijloc juridic de protecție a consimțământului la încheierea contractelor, in Dreptul no. 6/2017;
L., Pop, I., F., Popa, S.,I., Vidu, (2012),Tratat elementar de drept civil. Obligațiile, Universul Juridic Publishing, Bucharest;
I., F., Popa, Dolul și obligația de informare în contractele sinalagmatice, in Dreptul no. 7/2002;
L., Stănciulescu, (2017), Dreptul contractelor civile. Doctrină și jurisprudență, Hamangiu Publishing, Bucharest;
C.,T., Ungureanu, (2016),Drept civil. Partea generală. Persoanele, Hamangiu Publishing, Bucharest;
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 International Association of Law and Related Sciences, Iasi (Romania) & LUMEN Publishing House
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.