”New” and ”Existing” Rights in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union


  • Gabriela Nemţoi „Stefan cel Mare" University, Suceava, Romania




The right to marriage, the right to data protection, the rights of the best interests of the child


Considered a fundamental document, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union aims to bring together all the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights that citizens and residents of the Community can enjoy in order to outline the EU’s obligation to respect these fundamental rights.

Thus, from the perspective of the content of the Charter, civil and political rights can be understood as those rights necessary for the assertion of the individual and defined by the action of their holder[1] and in contrast are the economic, social and cultural rights that can be understood as those rights recognized to individuals, in their capacity as members of certain social categories.

Through its content, the Charter reaffirms the rights that arise from the content of national constitutions and international obligations, common to the Member States.

Thus, these rights stand out as a foundation that is built on the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, on the Social Charters adopted by the EU, on the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.

In this context, it should be noted that the Charter is the first normative act that manages to codify in a single document, the main civil, political, economic and social rights[2], enshrined in previous Community Treaties.

Under the auspices of the Charter, we will try to point out the innovative aspect that this document enjoys as a legal instrument for the protection of fundamental human rights.


Author Biography

Gabriela Nemţoi, „Stefan cel Mare" University, Suceava, Romania

Associate. Prof. PhD, ’’Ștefan cel Mare” University of Suceava


Anderson, D., & Murphy, C. (2011). The Charter of Fundamental Rights: History and prospects in Post-Lisbon Europe. EUI Working, Paper Law, 8. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1953619

Council of Europe. (1950). European Convention on Human Rights. https://


Council of Europe. (1961). European Social Charter. https://www.coe.int/


Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). (2000, June 06). Roman Angonese v Cassa di Risparmio di Bolzano SpA, Case C-281/98. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/HR/TXT/?uri=CELEX:61998CJ0281

Douglas-Scott, S. (2011). The EU and human rights after the Treaty of Lisbon. Human Rights Law Review, 11(4), 645-682. https://doi.org/10.1093/hrlr/


Dumitraşcu, M. A. (2012). Dreptul Uniunii Europene şi specificitatea acestuia [European Union Law and its specificity]. Universul Juridic.

European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). Ignaccolo-Zenide v Romania, application no. 31679/96. https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng#{%22itemid%


European Union. (1989). Community Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=


European Union. (2000). Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:12012P/TXT

Muraru, I., & Tănăsescu, E. S. (2008). Drept constituţional şi instituţii politice [Constitutional law and political institutions] (1st vol.). CH Beck.

Vrabie, M. (2017). Protecţia juridică a Cartei drepturilor fundamentale a Uniunii Europene [Judicial protection of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union]. Universul Juridic.




How to Cite

Nemţoi, G. (2020). ”New” and ”Existing” Rights in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty: Law, 8(1), 16-23. https://doi.org/10.18662/lumenlaw/8.1/32

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now