The Place and Role of Triple Biography Research (Family, Professional and Migration) in the Typology of Tourists in Romania
Keywords:Original tourism , sociology, family, profession, migration, generation, quality of life
In this article we intend to discuss the intertwining of sociological and demographic perspectives in tourism on the Romanian coast that are directly translated into tourist demand and services requested by tourists.
The family as a social group plays an important role in tourism both from the perspective of the local family in the tourist area and from the perspective of the family as a tourist group. The generation transmits social thinking, changes, habits, which flow directly into the social environment, locally or nationally.
The profession is a representative career factor for an original tourism that ensures the maintenance of the traditional status, economic and social area. This includes job security, salary but also a work-life balance. The intergenerational transmission of the professions in the tourist environment is important in maintaining the local customs and habits, a representative feature for an original tourism.
Migration is a key factor in tourism due to the need for skilled labor. The instability of economic and social factors has caused professionally qualified people to emigrate to European countries for a better life. On the other hand, the tourist units use the labor force from Africa and Asia, for which a better life is represented by a job in Romania.
The connection of this triple biography with the typology of tourists consists in the direct influence they have on the population that forms the tourist area and on the quality of life of the locals and tourists who choose the tourist destination.
The hypothesis we start from is that in order to talk about a satisfactory quality of life, there must be a balance between family life, profession and migration, the need to move to another territory determined by economic, social, political or natural factors.
We consider the fact that the family represents an important element in the Romanian tourism as a social factor because each family has its own traditions, its own professional environment regardless of whether it is imposed by the generation or represents one's own choice of the family member. Most of the time, the family environment forms the tourist environment in which the culture, traditions, gastronomy, clothing specific to the tourist area are presented, transmitted and lived, these aspects being sought by tourists.
Due to the fact that starting from education, individual and group social needs are formed, we can identify different types of tourism implemented in different areas from a demographic, social, cultural, economic point of view.
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