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Copyright & License Notice
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Authors who publish with LUMEN agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journal right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License https://creativecommons.org/licenses/ that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
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LUMEN has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs license
CC BY-ND (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives):
A work may be copied, displayed, distributed, republished or otherwise reused provided the reuse is not an adaptation or derivative and the integrity of the original work is maintained. Additionally, this license does not allow for commercial use of the work. Commercial use means use of the content by a commercial organisation or individual for direct (including through sale, loan or license) or indirect (including through marketing campaigns, promotional materials or presentations) commercial gain or remuneration. To create an adaptation, translation, or derivative of the original work, further permission is required and can be obtained by contacting the Permissions department.
Starting with June issue 2022, LUMEN Publishing is embedding Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs license in both metadata and PDF version in the published articles
(e.g., ©2022 Published by LUMEN Publishing. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
All materials that LUMEN is publishing are subject to applicable copyright laws.
In submitting a manuscript to a LUMEN journal, an author represents that all included materials are the author’s own work unless clearly otherwise identified.
To avoid any potential issues with plagiarism (e.g., representing someone else’s work or ideas as one’s own) or copyright infringement (e.g., violating the exclusive copyright rights of another) or any other violation of the rights of other parties (including, but not limited to, personal rights, an expectation of privacy, or other confidentiality requirement), authors should clearly identify any third-party materials and their respective rights holders in their submissions.