Revealing the Unconscious through Dreams in Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis

Marius Dumitrescu


In this text we aim to present the way Sigmund Freud discovered the universe of the unconscious and the significance of dream interpretation. For „the Father of psychoanalysis”, the unconscious is not just a depository of some mental contents that belong to a sub-conscious, but a genuine reservoir of autonomous energies that have their own determinism, different from that of conscious. The Viennese psychoanalyst is the supporter of a determinism at the unconscious level, which is revealed by the mechanisms of the dream. For Freud, dreams are the royal path through which the unconscious emerges. Only in the dream conscious can look strictly passively at the way in which unconscious contents emerge in symbolic forms through all sorts of condensations and transfers of repressed drives. In the dream, the Ego becomes free and ready for the real meeting with the Self, that only he can recognize and understand in its most intimate sense. However, dreams, though ephemeral, represent extremely effective successes for everyday psychic life. In the end, I concluded that the dream contents can be properly comprehended only by the dreamer, and the psychoanalyst can help the dreamer only to recognize these subtle understandings of his own unconscious.


Freud; psychoanalysis; unconscious; dream; Super-ego

Full Text:

View PDF


Cordón, L. A. (2012). Freud's world. An encyclopedia of his life and times. Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO.

Freud, S. (1900). Interpretation of dreams. Retrieved from

Freud, S. (1955). Psihanaliza visului [The interpretation of dreams] (I. Bănuţă, Trans.), Bucharest, Romania: Mediarex.

Freud, S. (2012). Remarks on the theory and practice of dream interpretation. Retrieved from Remarks-Upon-the-Theory-and-Practice-1923.pdf

Virgil, A. (1980). Cartea a VII-a [Book VII] (G. Coşbuc, Trans.). Bucharest, Romania: Univers.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © Postmodern Openings | A LUMEN Peer Reviewed Gold Open Access Journal |

Journal covered in | Web of Science (WOS); EBSCO; ERIH+; Google Scholar; Index Copernicus; Ideas RePeC; Econpapers; Socionet; CEEOL; Ulrich ProQuest; Cabell, Journalseek; Scipio; Philpapers; SHERPA/RoMEO repositories; KVK; WorldCat; CrossRef; J-GATE