Psychological Support in Uplifting University Students’ Happiness in Fighting the Coronavirus Lockdown

Getrude Cosmas


The coronavirus pandemic has caused turbulence in the lives of several university students around the globe, including students of University Malaysia Sabah. The first 14 days of the coronavirus lockdown delivered significant psychological experiences to university students. Data from 106 on- and off-campus university students were examined to explore the effects of resiliency coping skills and religious faith in uplifting happiness in students after the first 14-day of the coronavirus lockdown. Also, the effects of religious faith on resiliency were examined. Out of 106 students, 74 (69.80%) were female and 32 (30.20%) were male. The study demonstrates that students’ resiliency contributed 15% to the variance of happiness, while religious faith contributed 4% to the variance of resiliency. Furthermore, the on-campus students were more resilient compared to off-campus students. High resilient copers were also happier than low- and medium resilient copers. These findings give a glimpse of hope that the inner strength of students is essential in coping with unexpected circumstances due to the coronavirus outbreak. Although the coronavirus pandemic is unavoidable, by improving one’s inner strength (i.e. through resiliency and religious faith), the adverse effects of coronavirus lockdown can be reduced. The lockdown may nurture students to be more mature in facing unexpected challenges in the future.


Resiliency; religious faith; resilient coper; happiness

Full Text:

View PDF


Anastasova, R. (2014). Understanding the Role of Religion in Coping after Trauma: Resilience, Post-traumatic Growth and Difference in Coping Mechanisms [Unpublished Master Thesis]. Tilburg University.

Bryant-Davis, T., Ellis, M. U., Burke-Maynard, E., Moon, N., Counts, P. A., & Anderson, G. (2012). Religiosity, spirituality, and trauma recovery in the lives of children and adolescents. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43(4), 306-314.

Agaibi, C. E. (2018). Resilience: A versatile concept from Biblical to modern times. The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being, 6(1), 33-48.

Aboalshamat, K. T., Alsiyud, A. O., Al Sayed, R. A, Alreddadi, R. S., Faqiehi, S. S., & Almehmadi,S. A. (2018). The Relationship between Resilience, Happiness, and Life Satisfaction in Dental and Medical Students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 21(8), 1-7.

Brewer-Smyth, K., & Koenig, H. G. (2014). Could Spirituality and Religion Promote Stress Resilience in Survivors of Childhood Trauma? Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(4), 251-256. .

Cornah, D. (2006). The impact of spirituality on mental health. Mental Health Foundation. .

Fredrickson, B. L (2009). Positivity: Groundbreaking Research Reveals How to Embrace the Hidden Strength of Positive Emotions, Overcome Negativity and Thrive. Random House: New York.

Glicken, M. D. (2006). Resilience and the impact of spiritual and religious beliefs on health and mental health. In Learning from resilient people: Lessons we can apply to counseling and psychotherapy (pp. 23-37). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. .

Hersh, J. K. (2014, July 25). Faith, the Intangible Force in Resilience, Psychology Today. .

Hougaard, R., Carter, J., & Mohan, M. (2020, March 19). Build your resilience in the face of a crisis. Harward Bussines Review.

Javanmard, G. H. (2013). Religious Beliefs and Resilience in Academic Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84,744 – 748. .

Cherry, K. (2020, May 1). Personal Construct Theory Overview. Verry Well Mind.

Kamil, Y. A. (2020, March 26). What is like being on lockdown as a University student in UK. SINews.

Kirmani, M. N., Sharma, P., Anas, M., & Sanam, R. (2015). Hope, Resilience and Subjective Well-being among college going Adolescent Girls. International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies, II(I), 262-270.

Livni, E. (2018, May 27). Resiliency is the new happiness, Life, liberty and pursuit. Quartz. .

Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness:Preliminary reliability and construct validation.Social Indicators Research, 46(2), 137-155.

Molinero, R. G., Zayas, A., Gonzalez, P. R., & Guil, R. (2018). Optimism and resilience among university students. International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology, 1(1).

Naderefa, M., Goli, H., & Ghaljaie, F. (2017). Snowball sampling: A purposeful method of sampling in qualitative research. Strides In Development of Medical Education, 14(3), 1-6. .

Paries, J., & Somvang, P. (2017). Human capability with the unexpected event. Swedish Radiation Safety Autority.

Park, C. L. (2006). Religion as a meaning-making framework in coping with life stress. Journal of Social Issues, 61(4), 707–729. .

Pennock, J. F. (2019, November 17). Resilience in Positive Psychology: Bouncing back and staying strong. Positive Psychology.

Plante, T. G., & Boccaccini, M. T. (2007). The Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire. Pastoral Psychology, 4(5), 375-387. .

Polakovic, G. (2020 March 25). How does coronavirus affect young people’s psyches. USC News. .

Rahat, E., & lhan, T. (2016). Coping Styles, Social Support, Relational Self-Construal, and Resilience in Predicting Students’ Adjustment to University Life. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 16(1), 187-208.

Rahmati, M., Khaledi, B., Salari, N., Bazrafshan, M., Haydarian, A. (2017). The Effects of Religious and Spiritual Interventions on the Resilience of Family Members of Patients in the ICU, Shiraz E-Med Journal, 18(11), e13007. .

Sinclair, V. G., & Wallston, K. A. (2004). The development and psychometric evaluation of the Brief Resilient Coping Scale. Assessment, 11(1), 94-101. .

Thorpe, J. R. (2019, August 14). How to deal with an unexpexted life change, according to psychologist. .

Villini, Z. (2019, November 18). How to stop ruminating thought. Medical News Today. .

Zhaohui, W. (2020, March 16). How a top Chinese university is responding to coronavirus. World Economic Forum.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © Postmodern Openings | A LUMEN Peer Reviewed Gold Open Access Journal |

Journal covered in | Web of Science (WOS); EBSCO; ERIH+; Google Scholar; Index Copernicus; Ideas RePeC; Econpapers; Socionet; CEEOL; Ulrich ProQuest; Cabell, Journalseek; Scipio; Philpapers; SHERPA/RoMEO repositories; KVK; WorldCat; CrossRef; J-GATE