The Polis-Nation Conceptual Dualism from the Metaphysical Perspective of Jose Ortega Y Gasset

Marius Cucu, Oana Lenta

Abstract


If the social, cultural and mythical-religious universe of Ancient Greece revolved around the notion and reality referred to by the term Polis, then it can be said, in the opinion of Jose Ortega Y Gasset, that the dynamics and convulsive formation of modern European civilization revolved around the concept of Nation. However, can we talk about the possibility of a Nation of the ancient Greeks? And, is the idea of a construction, in fact, of a modern-based re-construction of Polis founded? Ortega Y Gasset attempted a metaphysical approach to the conceptual resorts underlying the two existential paradigms.


Keywords


Polis; Nation; citizen; Ancient Greece; Utopia; ideal; perfection; purpose.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18662/po/11.2/171

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