The Polis-Nation Conceptual Dualism from the Metaphysical Perspective of Jose Ortega Y Gasset

Marius Cucu, Oana Lenta


If the social, cultural and mythical-religious universe of Ancient Greece revolved around the notion and reality referred to by the term Polis, then it can be said, in the opinion of Jose Ortega Y Gasset, that the dynamics and convulsive formation of modern European civilization revolved around the concept of Nation. However, can we talk about the possibility of a Nation of the ancient Greeks? And, is the idea of a construction, in fact, of a modern-based re-construction of Polis founded? Ortega Y Gasset attempted a metaphysical approach to the conceptual resorts underlying the two existential paradigms.


Polis; Nation; citizen; Ancient Greece; Utopia; ideal; perfection; purpose.

Full Text:

View PDF


Aguilar, E. (1998), Nación y estado en el pensamiento de Ortega y Gasset [Nation and State in the thought of Ortega y Gasset]. Ciudad Argentina.

Antonescu, M. (2018). Metropolises in the global governance: Towards a 21st Century neo-medievalism? Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty: Social Sciences, 7(1), 29-43.

Aristotel. (2001). Politica [Politics]. Paideia.

Bagur Taltavull, J. (2013). La idea de nación en Ortega y Gasset: Estado de la cuestión [The idea of a nation in Ortega y Gasset: State of the question]. Ab Initio, VII(13), 125-160.

Cebotari, S., & Serjant, I. (2017). East- European space in the context of the new geopolitical architecture configuration. Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty: Political Sciences & European Studies, 4(1), 7-25.

Clipa, R., Bostan, I., Clipa, F., & Popescu, I. (2018). A socio-historical excursus in the approach of institutionalism. Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty: Economics & Administrative Sciences, 3(1), 15-23.

Copleston, F. (2008). Istoria filosofiei [History of phylosophy] (1st vol.). Grecia şi Roma [Greece and Rome]. ALL.

Dura, N. (2019). „Jus” (law) and „justitia” (justice) in Roman solicitors’ perception and definition. Reflections and Evaluations. Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty: Law, 7(2), 45-56.

Graham, J. T. (2001). The social thought of Ortega y Gasset: a systematic synthesis in postmodernism and interdisciplinarity. University of Missouri Press.

Grodska, E., Machulianska, A., & Shapa, L. (2020). Cultural-linguistic aspect of teaching and learning spanish colour idioms and symbols. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(1Sup1), 213-231.

Leszczyna, D. (2019). The idea of the politics of realisation in José Ortega y Gasset. Daimon. Revista Internacional de Filosofía, 76, 35-49.

Nistor, P. (2019). The charitable foundations of social assistance. Eastern-European Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics, 2(2), 15-30.

Ortega Y Gasset, J. (2002). Europa și ideea de națiune [Europe and the idea of nation]. Humanitas.

Ortega Y Gasset, J. (2007). Revolta maselor [The revolt of the masses]. Humanitas.

Rezeanu, C. (2019). Introduction to the phenomenological approach to urban, residential, and domestic space. Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty: Philosophy & Humanistic Sciences, 6(2), 42-56.

Simbotin, D. (2020). Self-imagined inertia and the construction of consciousness cleavages. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 11(1Sup1), 57-69.

Vernant, J. P. (1995a). Originile gândirii grecești [The origins of Greek thought]. Symposion.

Vernant, J. P. (1995b). Mit și religie în Grecia Antică [Myth and religion in Ancient Greece]. Meridiane.

Westler, B., & Craiutu, A. (2015). Two critical spectators: Jose´ Ortega y Gasset and Raymond Aron. The Review of Politics, 77(2015), 575–602.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © Postmodern Openings | A LUMEN Peer Reviewed Gold Open Access Journal |

Journal covered in | Web of Science (WOS); EBSCO; ERIH+; Google Scholar; Index Copernicus; Ideas RePeC; Econpapers; Socionet; CEEOL; Ulrich ProQuest; Cabell, Journalseek; Scipio; Philpapers; SHERPA/RoMEO repositories; KVK; WorldCat; CrossRef; J-GATE