Health Disparities, Social Distancing, and Belonging in Pre- and Post- Covid-19 United States


  • Sana Loue Professor PhD, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Office for Faculty Development and Diversity, BRB-110E, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 USA



health disparities, HIV/AIDS, Covid-19, social justice


This commentary explores the relationship between health disparities, social distancing, and belonging in the United States pre- and post-Covid 19.  The author concludes that post-Covid-19 requires a radical re-visioning of society to address structural inequality that has heightened the vulnerability of some populations to Covid-19, which has, in turn, exacerbated the pre-existing vulnerabilities.

Author Biography

Sana Loue, Professor PhD, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Office for Faculty Development and Diversity, BRB-110E, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 USA

Sana Loue, J.D., Ph.D., MP.H., M.S.S.A., M.A., LISW, CST-T, AVT is a professor in the Department of Bioethics and also holds secondary appointments in Psychiatry and Global Health at the School of Medicine and in Social Work at the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences at CWRU. She served as the Vice Dean for Faculty Development and Diversity at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine from 2012-2020. She Dr. Loue holds degrees in law (JD), epidemiology (PhD), medical anthropology (PhD), social work (MSSA), secondary education (MA), public health (MPH) and theology (MA). She has conducted research domestically and internationally, focusing on HIV risk and prevention, severe mental illness, family violence, forensic epidemiology, and research ethics. She has authored or edited more than 30 books and more than 100 peer-reviewed journal articles.  She serves as the editor-in-chief of the peer reviewed Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health and is on the editorial board of the Journal of Sandplay Therapy.  She previously served on the editorial boards of various other journals, including the Journal of Legal Medicine, the Journal of Latino/a Psychology, the Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, and Teaching and Learning in Medicine: An International Journal.


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How to Cite

Loue, S. (2020). Health Disparities, Social Distancing, and Belonging in Pre- and Post- Covid-19 United States. Postmodern Openings, 11(1Sup2), 59-64.



Theoretical articles