Historical Types of Rationality and Irrationality in the Structure of Post-Modernist Consciousness


  • Yuliya Bekh National Pedagogical Dragomanov University
  • Oleksandr Riabeka National Pedagogical Dragomanov University
  • Viktor Vashkevych National Pedagogical Dragomanov University
  • Vasyl Zinkevych Drogobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University
  • Yana Chepurenko National Pedagogical Dragomanov University




rationality, irrationality, historical types, postmodernist, globalization


Modern culture as part of social life reflects the processes and changes occurring in the environment and in the minds of people. In an industrialized society, one can identify a certain tendency, which is the tendency of modern culture to remythologize. However, it is worth noting that at the same time, an opposite trend arises, which is aimed at its complete destruction. Both trends were formed due to a new type of rationality - postmodern rationality with its plurality and relativism. Today, researchers explain postmodernism as an era not only of the development of social reality, but of consciousness. Along with this, a completely new perception of reality as chaos appears, where new patterns of organization and operation of today's reality are created. Human consciousness has its own mechanisms for streamlining experience. Such a mechanism, which consists in the sphere of consciousness, is rationality. The term “rationality” itself is interpreted as the ability of thinking to create a special world of ideal objects and transform it into an object of activity, guided by the principle of the identity of thinking and being. Within the framework of scientific rationality, one can distinguish between classical, non-classical and post-non-classical rationality of postmodernism. In the public mind in the twentieth century. a new type of rationality has emerged - the postmodern rationality, formed due to cultural changes, such as a crisis in the field of science, art, a crisis of the spiritual life of society, social development along the path of globalization.


Avtonomova, N. (2018). Prichina. Razum. ratsional'nost' [Reason. Mind. Rationality]. Nauka.

Cassirer, E. (1988). Kontseptual'naya forma v mificheskom myshlenii. Izbrannoye. Opyt o cheloveke [Conceptual form in mythical thinking. Favorites. Experience about a person]. Gardarika, http://anthropology.ru/ru/text/kassirer-e/opyt-o-cheloveke-vvedenie-v-filosofiyu-chelovecheskoy-kultury

Eco, U. (2004). Nedostayushchaya struktura. Vvedeniye v Semiologiyu [Missing structure. Introduction to Semiology]. Symposium.

Gasset, H. (2013). Rise of the masses. AST. http://www.historyguide.org/europe/gasset.html

Grenko, P. (2019). Sotsial'nyye: istoki, strukturnyye profili, sovremennyye problem [Social: the origins, structural profiles, modern challenges]. Russian Political Encyclopedia (ROSSPEN).

Ishenko, E. (2005). Problema real'nosti v filosofsko-gumanitarnom diskurse [The problem of reality in philosophical and humanitarian discourse]. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 7. Philosophy. 2. 3-20. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problema-realnosti-v-filosofskom-i-gumanitarnom-diskurse/viewer

Ivanov, A. (2017). Sektantskiye peshchery sovremennoy filosofii [Sectarian caves of modern philosophy]. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 7, Philosophy, 1, 3-12.

Jung, K. (1991). Arkhetip i simvol [Archetype and symbol]. Renaissance. https://gtmarket.ru/laboratory/basis/4229/4232

Jung, K. (1996). Struktura psikhiki i protsess individuatsii [The structure of the psyche and the process of individuation]. Nauka. https://books.google.com.ua/books/about/%D0%A1%D1%82%D1%80%D1%83%D0%BA%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0_%D0%BF%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8_%D0%B8_%D0%BF.html?id=Bso3AQAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y

Kukartseva M., & Kolomoets E. (2017). Epistemologiya i ontologiya istorii [Epistemology and ontology of history]. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 7. Philosophy, 1, 24-35.

Levy-Strauss, K. (1963). Structural Anthropology. Bsic Books. https://monoskop.org/images/e/e8/Levi-Strauss_Claude_Structural_Anthropology_1963.pdf

Losev, A. (1990). Dialektika mifa. Filosofiya. Mifologiya. Kul'tura [The dialectic of myth. Philosophy. Mythology. The culture]. Politizdat. http://psylib.org.ua/books/losew03/index.htm

Lyotard, J. (1984). The answer to the question: What is postmodern?] Postmodern in philosophy, science, culture. University of Minnesota Press. http://courses.arch.ntua.gr/fsr/142088/Lyotard,%20Answering%20the%20Question%20What%20Is%20Postmodernism.pdf

Mamardashvili, M. (2010). Klassicheskiye i neklassicheskiye idealy ratsional'nosti [Classical and non-classical ideals of rationality]. Labyrinth. https://www.mamardashvili.com/ru/work/published-by-others/klassicheskij-i-neklassicheskij-idealy-racionalnosti1

Melik-Gaykazyan, I. (2006). Myth, dream, reality: post-non-classical dimensions of the space of culture. Scientific World. https://www.books.ru/books/mif-mechta-realnost-postneklassicheskie-izmereniya-prostranstva-kultury-red-melik-gaikazyan-iv-403792/

Mironov, V. (2006). Sovremennoye kommunikatsionnoye prostranstvo kak faktor transformatsii kul'tury i filosofii [Modern communication space as a factor in the transformation of culture and philosophy]. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 7, Philosophy, 4. 34-48. https://platona.net/load/knigi_po_filosofii/filosofija_nauki_tekhniki/mironov_sovremennye_filosofskie_problemy_estestvennykh_tekhnicheskikh_i_socialno_gumanitarnykh_nauk/30-1-0-2246

Platunova, S. (2011). Sotsial'nyye aspekty formirovaniya arkhitektury neboskreba [Social aspects of the formation of the architecture of a skyscraper]. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 7, Philosophy, 2. 100-114. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sotsialnye-aspekty-formirovaniya-arhitektury-neboskreba/viewer

Rezhabek, E. (2012). Asimmetriya filosofii postmodernistskoy i postneklassicheskoy nauki. Nekotoryye predvaritel'nyye vyvody. V poiskakh ratsional'nosti (stat'i raznykh let) [Asymmetry of the philosophy of postmodern and post-nonclassical science. Some preliminary findings. In search of rationality (articles of different years)]. Academic Project, 83-99. https://platona.net/load/knigi_po_filosofii/filosofija_poznanija/rezhabek_e_ja_v_poiskakh_racionalnosti_stati_raznykh_let/45-1-0-3363

Stepanov, Y. (2001). Yazyk i nauka kontsa dvadtsatogo veka [Language and science of the late twentieth century]. ROS State Humanity. http://www.law.vsu.ru/structure/criminalistics/books/stepanov.pdf




How to Cite

Bekh, Y., Riabeka, O., Vashkevych, V., Zinkevych, V., & Chepurenko, Y. (2020). Historical Types of Rationality and Irrationality in the Structure of Post-Modernist Consciousness. Postmodern Openings, 11(3), 195-206. https://doi.org/10.18662/po/11.3/207



Theoretical articles