Developing Soft Skills among Potential Employees: A Theoretical Review on Best International Practices


  • Oleksandr Malykhin Institute of Pedagogy of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
  • Nataliia Oleksandrivna Aristova Institute of Pedagogy of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
  • Liudmyla Kalinina Institute of Pedagogy of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
  • Tetyana Opaliuk Kamyanets-Podilsky Ivan Ohienko National University



soft skills, potential employees, didactic tools, higher education institutions, industrial training, problem-based learning, active learning


The present paper addresses the issue of determining the best international practices for developing soft skills among students of different specialties through carrying out a theoretical review. Basing on literature on present-day theory the authors make an attempt to explain soft skills dichotomies, summarize existing approaches to classifying soft skills, consolidate and document best international practices for soft skills development among potential employees of different specialties including bachelor students, master students, doctoral and postdoctoral students. The data obtained in the theoretical analysis reveal that the possible ambiguities in the interpretation of the concept of “soft skills” are caused, on the one hand, by the dichotomic perception of their nature by present-day researchers and educators and, on the other hand, by the absence of the common language which makes it difficult to provide a more unified definition most satisfactory to all concerned. The authors are convinced that soft skills have a cross-cutting nature and regard them as personal and interpersonal meta-qualities and meta-abilities that are vital to any potential employee who is going to make positive contributions not only to his/her professional development but to the development of a company he/she is going to work for. The results of the conducted theoretical review clearly indicate that the absence of the unified understanding of the concept of “soft skills” is reflected in the existence of different approaches to classifying soft skills, let alone, the selection of didactic tools for developing soft skills among potential employees.

Author Biography

Nataliia Oleksandrivna Aristova, Institute of Pedagogy of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine

Chief Researcher, International Relations and Research Cooperation Department


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How to Cite

Malykhin, O., Aristova, N. O., Kalinina, L., & Opaliuk, T. (2021). Developing Soft Skills among Potential Employees: A Theoretical Review on Best International Practices. Postmodern Openings, 12(2), 210-232.



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