A Philosophical Approach of the Modernization Process of Russian Economy and Economic Institutions
Keywords:Institutional theory, institutional reforms, institutional trap, state administration, development institutions
AbstractThe article deals with the specific features of functioning and evolution mechanisms of institutional traps as objects of state intervention during the institutional reforms, thus deals with the following hypothesis: there exists a uniform country-specific pattern of institutional traps emergence during economic modernization. Without management of institutions it is not possible to provide realization of an optimal scenario of state development. The spread of positive institutional practices and successful experience of institutional reforms may be considered as a tool of social state development. However, there are situations when newly created institutions fail the task but instead of dying seek to implement old practices, transforming into institutional traps, i.e. stable self-sustainable norms dissonant with aims of social development. Institutional traps, entailing the experience of economic agents’ sustainable interaction, derive not only negative effects, but also are considered by the science to be sustainable samples for modelling in order to increase the efficiency of particular institutional interaction areas. The emergence of institutional traps in a certain field of activity has several associated effects: the existence of inefficient institutions can lead to a multiplicative effect and generate "institutions for their own sake", and also to form a supporting infrastructure. Thus, a specific servicing subsystem appears; imposing greater restrictions in an inefficient institution leads to a greater degree of strengthening the servicing subsystem, contributing to the expansion of the informal or shadow sectors. The present sophistication of economic activities causes modification of institutional traps and their management basics. This brings the authors to explore not only the essential aspects of institutional traps, but also the specifics of their transformation. It was discovered that the substantial role in eliminating those traps is prescribed to control mechanisms that appear to be the complex of instrumentally mediated stimulating or restrictive reactions (and diagnostics tools for them as well) to deviation of an institute from pre-assigned behaviour patterns.
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