The Impact of Informatization of Society on the Labor Market
Keywords:globalization, digitalization;, economy, information and communication technologies, labor resources, labor market, post-industrial society, digital labor market, teleworking
This article examines the transformation of the labor market under the influence of informatization of society. It is noted that in the conditions of globalization and informatization of the nowadays a post-industrial society has been formed, in which information is a determining factor of production.
New opportunities and challenges of the labor market in the conditions of information society development are analyzed. The informatization of society changes the conditions, nature and forms of work. Extensive digitalization, the use of cloud technologies and artificial intelligence systems are displacing traditional forms of employment towards teleworking, which makes workers more mobile and able to optimize working hours. It is established that the spread of technology increases the efficiency of the recruitment and searching job processes. Informatization of society contributes to the creation of a digital labor market, which forms the demand and supply of information and computer technology workers.
In the context of informatization of society, the labor market is characterized by an imbalance between supply and demand of labor due to structural changes in the economy. Among the challenges of the labor market are rising unemployment in the raw materials industries, robotics and automation of routine manual labor. The digitalization of the economy leads to the need to adjust government regulation of business and provide social guarantees for employees.
It is noted that the informatization of society provides more benefits to the labor market than obstacles. Solving the problems it raises, promotes progress and economic development.
Adam, D., Bremermann, M., Duran, J., Fontanarosa, F., Kraemer, B., Westphal, H., Kunert, A., Tonnes Lönnroos, L. (2016, January 25). Digitalisation and working life: lessons from the Uber cases around Europe. Eurofund. https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2016/eu-member-states/digitalisation-and-working-life-lessons-from-the-uber-cases-around-europe
Adams, A. (2018). Technology and the labour market: the assessment. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 34(3), 349–361. http://doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/gry010
Azmuk, N. (2014). Transformacіya procesu pracі v іnformacіjnіj ekonomіcі [Transformation of the labor process in the information economy]. Socio-labor relations: theory and practice, 2(8), 217–223. https://ir.kneu.edu.ua/handle/2010/5977?show=full
Berger, Т., & Frey, С. (2016) Structural transformation in the OECD: Digitalization, deindustrialization and the future of work. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, 52. https://doi.org/10.1787/5jlr068802f7-en
Borjas, G. J., & Freeman, R. B. (2019). From Immigrants to Robots: The Changing Locus of Substitutes for Workers. NBER Working Paper, 25438. https://www.nber.org/papers/w25438
Chinoracký, R., & Čorejová, T. (2019). Impact of Digital Technologies on Labor Market and the Transport Sector. Transportation Research Procedia, 40, 994-1001. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2019.07.139
Chmeruk, H. (2019). Cyfrova ekonomіka yak okremyj sektor nacіonalnoyi ekonomіky derzhavy [Digital economy as a separate sector of the national economy]. Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University. Series: International Economic Relations and the World Economy, 27(2), 92-97. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nvuumevcg_2019_27%282%29__18
Chorna, M., & Chornyi, R. (2020). Rynok pracy Ukrayini: suchasnі vyklyky [The labor market of Ukraine: contemporary challenges]. Economic Journal of Lesia Ukrainka East European National University, 1(21), 64-73. https://doi.org/10.29038/2411-4014-2020-01-64-73
Freeman, R. B. (2002). The labour market in the new information economy. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 18(3), 288–305. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/18.3.288
Gerasymova, I., Maksymchuk, B., Bilozerova, M., Chernetska, Y., Matviichuk, T., Solovyov, V., & Maksymchuk, I. (2019). Forming professional mobility in future agricultural specialists: the sociohistorical context. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 11(4), 345-361. http://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/195
Herman, E. (2020). The Influence of ICT Sector on the Romanian Labour Market in the European Context. Procedia Manufacturing, 46, 344-351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2020.03.050
Heyets, V., Voynarenko, М., Kholodenko, А., & Stepanok, N. (2019). Necessity of labour market state’s regulation. SHS Web of Conferences, 65, 04014. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20196504014
Hrytsenko, V. (2012). Osoblivostі pobudovi іnformacіjnogo suspіlstva v Ukrayinі [Features of building an information society in Ukraine]. Humanitarian Bulletin, 27(34), 106-112.
Isăilă, N. (2012). Social inclusion in the context of informational society. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 1006-1009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.239
Jung J. H., & Lim D.-G. (2020). Industrial robots, employment growth, and labor cost: A simultaneous equation analysis. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 159, 120202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120202
Kniaziev, S. (2020) Smart-promislovіst: formuvannya bazysu novogo etapu ekonomіchnogo zrostannya u svіtі. [Smart Industry: Building the Basis for a New Stage of Economic Growth in the World]. Business Inform, 4, 150–162. https://doi.org/10.32983/2222-4459-2020-4-150-162
Kolesnikov, B. (2012). Stan ta perspektivi rozvitku іnformacіjnogo suspіlstva v Ukrayinі [Status and prospects of information society development in Ukraine]. Public Administration and Local Self-Government, 3(14), 37-45. http://www.dridu.dp.ua/vidavnictvo/2012/2012_03(14)/index.html
Liashenko, V., & Vyshnevskyi, O. (2018). Cifrova modernіzacіya ekonomіki Ukrayini yak mozhlivіst prorivnogo rozvitku: monografіya [Digital modernization of the economy of Ukraine as an opportunity for breakthrough development: a monograph]. NAS of Ukraine, Institute of Industrial Economics. https://iie.org.ua/monografiyi-2018-r/tsifrova-modernizatsiya-ekonomiki-ukrayini-yak-mozhlivist-prorivnogo-rozvitku-v-i-lyashenko-o-s-vishnevskiy-2018-r/
Marchuk, L. (2012). Suchasna іnformatizacіya suspіlstva ta iyi vpliv na іnnovacіjnі procesy. [Contemporary informatization of society and its impact on innovation processes]. Bulletin of Agrarian Science of the Black Sea Region, 1, 37-44. https://visnyk.mnau.edu.ua/statti/archive/n65v1r2012.pdf
Nerubasska, A., & Maksymchuk, B. (2020). The Demarkation of Creativity, Talent and Genius in Humans: a Systemic Aspect. Postmodern Openings, 11(2), 240-255. https://doi.org/10.18662/po/11.2/172
Nerubasska, A., Palshkov, K., & Maksymchuk, B. (2020). A Systemic Philosophical Analysis of the Contemporary Society and the Human: New Potential. Postmodern Openings, 11(4), 275-292. https://doi.org/10.18662/po/11.4/235
Ogonowski, P. (2020). Application of VMCM, to investigate, the dynamics of changes information society development. Procedia Computer Science, 176, 3182-3190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2020.09.131
Palamarchuk, O., Gurevych, R., Maksymchuk, B., Gerasymova, I., Fushtey, O., Logutina, N., Kalashnik, N., Kylivnyk, A., Haba, I., Matviichuk, T., Solovyov, V., & Maksymchuk, I. (2020). Studying Innovation as the Factor in Professional Self-Development of Specialists in Physical Education and Sport. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(4), 118-136. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/12.4/337
Pantielieieva, N., Kolodii, S., & Rebryk, M. (Eds.). (2019). Cyfrova ekonomіka yak klyuchovyj trend rozvytku postіndustrіalnogo suspіlstva: monografіya [Digital economy as a key trend in the development of post-industrial society: a monograph]. SHEI "University of Banking".
Pleskach, V., Semenchenko, A., Gololobov, D., Kalmykov, O., Krasnoshchok, V. (2020). Digitalization of Science as a Modern Trend of the Information Society Development. ICTERI 2020 ICT in Education, Research and Industrial Applications. Integration, Harmonization and Knowledge Transfer, 1, 146-158. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2740/20200146.pdf
Rudenko, M. (2018). Digitalization of economy: new opportunities and perspectives. Ekonomika ta derzhava [Economy and power], 11, 61–65. http://doi/org10.32702/2306-6806.2018.11.61
Rudenko, M. (2021). Analysis of Ukraine's positions in global indicators of the digital economy. Ekonomika ta derzhava [Economy and power], 2, 11–18. http://doi.org/10.32702/2306-6806.2021.2.11
World Economic Forum. (2020). The Future of Jobs Report 2020 https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-future-of-jobs-report-2020
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journal right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Postmodern Openings Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs