Perception of Open Science in the Scientific Community of the Republic of Moldova


  • Nelly Turcan Information Society Development Institute; Moldova State University
  • Gheorghe Cuciureanu Information Society Development Institute; National Agency for Quality Assurance in Education and Research
  • Rodica Cujba Technical University of Moldova; Information Society Development Institute
  • Viorica Lupu Moldova State University, Doctoral School of Social Sciences and Education; State Agrarian University of Moldova
  • Natalia Cheradi Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova
  • Igor Cojocaru Information Society Development Institute



Open Science, Open Access, Open Data, scientific community, Republic of Moldova


Open Science becomes the basic concept in organizing and conducting the research and development process. The opening of the process of research and communication of science is supported and promoted both at the international level and at the national level in many countries through science policies and actions.

At present, no Open Science policy is approved at the national level in the Republic of Moldova, but there are actions, undertaken by various organizations or within some projects, that promote this concept. And recently, the national authority in the field of science policy has been concerned about the promotion of Open Science principles in the country.

Policy development and implementation of Open Science principles is difficult without involving all stakeholders and without knowledge of the current situation, both in terms of technical and legislative issues, and especially in terms of awareness of the need and willingness of people to contribute to this process. In this context, we set out to carry out this study, taking into account the insufficient level of debates and analyzes on Open Science subject carried out in the Republic of Moldova. Its purpose is to determine the attitude, the level of awareness and involvement in issues related to Open Science and its elements in the Republic of Moldova, which will serve to develop Open Science policies and instruments at national and institutional levels.


Abdullahi, K.A., & Noorhidawati, A. (2021). Attributes that influence academics' data sharing in Nigeria: the effects of organization culture. Information Research, 26(3), paper 908.

Abele-Brehm, A.E., Gollwitzer, M., Steinberg, U., & Schonbrodt, F. D. (2019). Attitudes toward open science and public data sharing: A survey among members of the German psychological society. Social Psychology, 50(4), 252–260.

ABRM. (2009, October 16). Declarația cu privire la Accesul Deschis la informație. Asociația Bibliotecarilor din Republica Moldova.

Allen, C., & Mehler, D.M.A. (2019). Open science challenges, benefits and tips in early career and beyond. In: PLoS Biol, 17(5), e3000246.

AȘM pledează pentru promovarea Științei Deschise (2021, September 20). Academia de Științe a Moldovei.

Banks, G.C., Field, J.G., Oswald, F.L. et al. (2019). Answers to 18 Questions About Open Science Practices. Journal of Business and Psycholog, 34(3), 257-270.

Bell, M.L., Whitehead, A.L., & Julious, S.A. (2018). Guidance for using pilot studies to inform the design of intervention trials with continuous outcomes. Clinical Epidemiology, 10, 153-157.

Berezko, O., Medina, L.M.P., Malaguarnera, G. et al. (2021). Perspectives on Open Science and Scholarly Publishing: a Survey Study Focusing on Early Career Researchers in Europe [version 1; peer review: 1 approved with reservations]. F1000Research 2021, 10:1306.

Besançon, L., Rönnberg, N., Löwgren, J., Tennant, J.P., & Cooper, M. (2020). Open up: a survey on open and non-anonymized peer reviewing. Research Integrity and Peer Review, 5, Article 8.

Carlson, J., Fosmire, M., Miller, C.C., & Nelson, M.S. (2011). Determining data information literacy needs: a study of students and research faculty. Portal: Libraries and the Academy, 11(2), 629-657.

Christensen, G., Wang, Z., Levy Paluck, E., Swanson, N., Birke, D., Miguel, E., & Littman, R. (2020, January 13). Open Science Practices are on the Rise: The State of Social Science (3S) Survey (Paper No.: 106). UC Berkeley, Center for Effective Global Action.

Coalition S. (2019). Accelerating the transition to full and immediate Open Access to scientific publications. Science Europe.

Čolović, P., & Pajić, D. (2017). Survey on open science attitudes and experiences among Serbian scholars. [Report prepared within the project BE-OPEN - Boosting Engagement of Serbian Universities in Open Science, under WP1: Mapping the Current Open Science Potentials at Serbian Universities]. Zenodo.

Council of the European Union. (2016, May 27). The transition towards an Open Science system: Council conclusions. General Secretariat of the Council.

CRECIM. (n.d.). ORION project 2017-2021. D2.2 Questionnaire for self-assessment on Open Science. Centre de Recerca per a l’Educació Científica i Matemŕtica (CRECIM) of the Universitat Autňnoma de Barcelona. Retrieved October 9, 2021, from

Dalton, E.D. et al. (2020). Attitudes of North American Academics toward Open Access Scholarly Journals. portal: Libraries and the Academy, 20(1), 73-100.

Declarația privind Știința Deschisă în Republica Moldova (2018, Novembre 22). Institutul de Dezvoltare a Societăţii Informaţionale.

Delikoura, E., & Kouis, D. (2021). Open Research Data and Open Peer Review: Perceptions of a Medical and Health Sciences Community in Greece. Publications, 9(2), 14.

Echevarría, L., Malerba, A., & Arechavala-Gomeza, V. (2021). Researcher's Perceptions on Publishing "Negative" Results and Open Access. Nucleic acid therapeutics, 31(3), 185-189.

ERAC. (2020). Opinion on Open Science and Open Innovation in times of pandemic. Brussels, 14 December 2020. General Secretariat of the Council.

EUA. (2022, February 3). The EUA Open Science Agenda 2025. European University Association.

European Commission. (2012). Towards better access to scientific information: Boosting the benefits of public investments in research. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, COM/2012/0401 final.

European Commission. (2016). European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, COM/2016/0178 final.

European Commission. (2018, April 25). Commission Recommendation (EU) 2018/790 on access to and preservation of scientific information. Official Journal of the European Union 134, 31.5.2018 (pp. 12-18).

European Commission. (2019, December). Open Science.

European Commission. (2020). Progress on Open Science: Towards a Shared Research Knowledge System – Final Report of the Open Science Policy Platform. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Commission. (2021, September). Horizon Europe – Investing to shape our future.

Guvernul Republicii Moldova. (2018, Novembre 8). Foaia națională de parcurs pentru integrarea Republicii Moldova în Spațiul european de cercetare pe anii 2019-2021: Hotărârea Guvernului nr. 1081 din 08-11-2018.

Halevi, G., & Walsh, S. (2021). Faculty Attitudes Towards Article Processing Charges for Open Access Articles. Publishing Research Quarterly, 37, 384–398.

Heck, Tamara et al. (2020). Open Science Practices in Higher Education: Discussion of Survey Results from Research and Teaching Staff in Germany. Education for Information, 36(3), 301-323.

Houtkoop, B.L., Chambers, C., Macleod, M., Bishop, D.V., Nichols, T.E., & Wagenmakers, E.J. (2018). Data sharing in psychology: A survey on barriers and preconditions. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 1(1), 70-85.

Hrynaszkiewicz, I., Harney, J. & Cadwallader, L. (2021). A Survey of Researchers’ Needs and Priorities for Data Sharing. Data Science Journal, 20(1), 31.

In, J. (2017). Introduction of a pilot study. Korean journal of anesthesiology, 70(6), 601-605.

ISC. (2021). Science and society in transition: 2022-2024. International Science Council.

Kim, J.-Y., Kim, H.S., & Shim, W. (2020). A Study on Open Peer Review Perception of Korean Authors in a Mega OA Journal. Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management, 37(4), 131-150.

Koltay, T. (2015). Data literacy: in search of a name and identity. Journal of Documentation, 71(2), 401-415.

Krejcie, R.V., & Morgan, D.W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607-610.

Lacey, J., Coates, R., & Herington M. (2020). Open science for responsible innovation in Australia: understanding the expectations and priorities of scientists and researchers. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 7(3), 427-449.

LaPlante, D.A., Louderback, E.R., & Abarbanel, B. (2021). Gambling researchers’ use and views of open science principles and practices: a brief report. International Gambling Studies, 21(3), 381-394.

Lavrakas, P.J. (ed.). (2012). Encyclopedia of survey research methods. Sage Publications.

Leslie, L.L. (1972). Are high response rates essential to valid surveys? Social Science Research, 1(3), 323-334.

Mahfooz, A., & Othman, R. (2021). Readiness towards the implementation of open science initiatives in the Malaysian Comprehensive Public Universities. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 47(5), Article 102368.

McKiernan, E.C. et al. (2016). Point of View: How open science helps researchers succeed. eLife, 5, e16800.

Ministerului Educației și Cercetării. (2021, Decembre 30). Planul de activitate al Ministerului Educației și Cercetării pentru anul 2022 (ordin nr. 1718 din 30.12.2021). Ministerului Educației și Cercetării al Republicii Moldova.

Morais, R., Saenen, B., Garbuglia, F., Berghmans, S., & Gaillard, V. (2021, July). From principles to practices: Open Science at Europe’s universities 2020-2021 EUA Open Science Survey results. European University Association.

Mwangi, K.W. et al. (2021). Open Science in Kenya: Where Are We? Frontiers in research metrics and analytics, 6, Article 669675.

Nobes, A., & Harris, S. (2019). Open Access in developing countries – attitudes and experiences of researchers. Zenodo.

Nulty, D.D. (2008). The adequacy of response rates to online and paper surveys: what can be done? Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 33(3), 301-314.

OECD. (2006, December 14). Recommendation of the Council concerning Access to Research Data from Public Funding (Amended on 20/01/2021). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Ostaszewski, M. (2014). Analysis of the attitude within academic and research communities toward open science -- a quantitative survey. Conference Opening Science to Meet Future Challenges, Warsaw, March 11, 2014. Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Pardo Martínez, C.I., & Poveda, A.C. (2018). Knowledge and Perceptions of Open Science among Researchers—A Case Study for Colombia. Information, 9(11), 292.

Paret, C., Unverhau, N., Feingold, F., Poldrack, R.A., Stirner, M., Schmahl, C., & Sicorello, M. (2021). Survey on Open Science Practices in Functional Neuroimaging. bioRxiv, 2021.11.26, 470115.

Rodriguez, J.E. (2014). Awareness and Attitudes about Open Access Publishing: A Glance at Generational Differences. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 40(6), 604-610.

Rossel, C. (2018). EPS Survey on Open Science & Career Development for Researchers 2018: Report. European Physical Society, Posted on 8 November 2018.

Ross-Hellauer, T., Deppe, A., Schmidt, B., & Wicherts, J. M. (2017). Survey on open peer review: Attitudes and experience amongst editors, authors and reviewers. PLoS One, 12(12), e0189311.

Rowley, J., Johnson, F., Sbaffi, L., Frass, W., & Devine, E. (2017). Academics' behaviors and attitudes towards open access publishing in scholarly journals. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 68(5), 1201-1211.

Sataloff, R.T., & Vontela, S. (2021). Response Rates in Survey Research. Journal of Voice, 35(5), 683-684.

Schöpfel, J., Ferrant, C., André, F. & Fabre, R. (2016). Ready for the future? A survey on open access with scientists from the French National Research Center (CNRS). Interlending & Document Supply, 44(4), 141-149.

Segado-Boj, F., Martín-Quevedo, J., & Prieto-Gutiérrez, J.J. (2018). Attitudes toward Open Access, Open Peer Review, and Altmetrics among Contributors to Spanish Scholarly Journals. Journal of Scholarly Publishing, 50(1), 48-70.

Spallek, H., Weinberg, S.M., Manz, M., Nanayakkara, S., Zhou, X., & Johnson, L. (2019). Perceptions and Attitudes toward Data Sharing among Dental Researchers. JDR Clinical & Translational Research, 4(1), 68-75.

Stanton, K.V. & Liew, C.L. (2012). Open access theses in institutional repositories: an exploratory study of the perceptions of doctoral students. Information Research, 17(1), paper 507.

Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Moldova. (2021). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova.

Strengthening research management and open science capacities of HEIs in Moldova and Armenia. (2018). MINERVA, Nr. 597912-EPP-1-2018-1-MD-EPPKA2-CBHE-SP.

Sveinsdottir, T., Davidson, J., & Proudman, V. (2021). An Analysis of Open Science Policies in Europe (Version 7). Zenodo.

Taherdoost, H. (2016). Sampling Methods in Research Methodology; How to Choose a Sampling Technique for Research. International Journal of Academic Research in Management (IJARM), 5(2), 18-27.

Tenopir, C., Christian, L., Allard, S., & Borycz, J. (2018). Research data sharing: Practices and attitudes of geophysicists. Earth and Space Science, 5, 891-902.

Thoegersen, J.L., & Borlund, P. (2022). Researcher attitudes toward data sharing in public data repositories: a meta-evaluation of studies on researcher data sharing. Journal of Documentation, 78(7), 1-17.

Turgut, Y.E., Aslan, A., & Denizalp, N.V. (2021). Academicians’ awareness, attitude, and use of open access during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, First Published May 2021.

Ünal, Y., Chowdhury, G., Kurbanoğlu, K., Boustany J. & Walton G. (2019). Research data management and data sharing behaviour of university researchers. In Proceedings of ISIC, The Information Behaviour Conference, Krakow, Poland, 9-11 October: Part 2. Retrieved from Information Research, 24(1), paper isic1818.

UNESCO. (2020). Towards a Global Consensus on Open Science: Report on UNESCO’s Global Online Consultation on Open Science. UNESCO Digital Library.

UNESCO. (2021). UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science. UNESCO Digital Library.

Wallis, J.C., Rolando, E., & Borgman, C.L. (2013). If we share data, will anyone use them? Data sharing and reuse in the long tail of science and technology. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e67332.

Williams, S.C., Farrell, SL., Kerby, E.E., & Kocher, M. (2019). Agricultural Researchers’ Attitudes Toward Open Access and Data Sharing. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, (91).




How to Cite

Turcan, N., Cuciureanu, G., Cujba, R., Lupu, V., Cheradi, N., & Cojocaru, I. (2022). Perception of Open Science in the Scientific Community of the Republic of Moldova. Postmodern Openings, 13(4), 294-334.



Postmodern Science

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now