Policies and Mechanisms to Promote the Production of Knowledge and its Effects on University Scholars: Comparative Analysis among Public Universities in the Northeastern Region of Mexico
Keywords:Policies, productivity, scholars, public university, academic entities
The production of knowledge goes through a dominant moment that according to the typology of Gibbons, Limoges, Nowotny, Schwartzman, Scott and Trow (1997) and other authors is inserted in the production mode 2 called "Emergent mode" where a transdisciplinary, heterogeneous and heterarchical structure is predominant. The production of knowledge is carried out in context of application, configured by a diverse set of intellectual and social demands. The importance of knowledge and the impact that science-oriented policies have had on the forms of knowledge production by the scholars of the tertiary education is now recognized. These policies have somehow influenced the academy by moving from a personal activity to a community-based profession, fostering a trend towards collective work, with objectives linked to specific social and economic demands whose cost can only be absorbed by the State or those competitors of the industrial world; it moves between small science (made by individuals or small groups) to a great science characterized by groups of researchers participating in programs and wider networks, fully institutionalized, highly professionalized and clearly specialized. Thus, this communication aims to show the existing relationship between the policies that the Mexican State has been promoting to public universities about the production of knowledge that university scholars develop as part of their substantive functions. It is evident how these policies are being interpreted and operationalized through mechanisms that favor (or not) the production of knowledge and how the results of this production impact both inside the university study houses as well as the social and productive sectors. In particular, a comparative analysis is carried out among five public university institutions that make up the northeast of Mexico.
Boyer, E. L., Altbach, P. G., & Whitelaw, M. J. (1994). The Academic Profession: An International Perspective. Princeton, New Jersey: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancemente of Teaching.
Cazes, M. D., & Ibarra, C. E. (2010). Las universidades públicas mexicanas en el año 2030: examinando el presente, imaginando el futuro [The Mexican public universities in the year 2030: Examining present, imagining future]. Mexico City, Mexico: National Autonomous University of Mexico, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Sciences and Humanities. Retrieved from http://laisumedu.org/DESIN_Ibarra/pdf/Indice-U2030.pdf
Díaz, B. A. (2005). Riesgos de los sistemas de evaluación y acreditación de la educación superior [Risks of the evaluation and accreditation systems of higher education]. Paper presented in Seminario Regional: Las nuevas tendencias de la evaluación y acreditación en América Latina y el Caribe. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Comisión Nacional de Evaluación y Acreditación Universitaria, Instituto Internacional para la Educación Superior en América Latina y el Caribe. Retrieved from http://www.angeldiazbarriga.com/ponencias/riesgos_sistemas_acreditacio n.pdf
Galaz, J. F., Padilla, L. E., Gil, M., & Sevilla, J. J. (2008). The dilemmas of the teaching staff in Mexican higher education. Magazine Quality in Education, 28, 53-69. doi:10.31619/caledu.n28.202
Galaz, F. J. F., De la Cruz, S. A., & Rodríguez, G. R. (2009). The Mexican academic member of the National System of Researchers: An initial exploration. Lecture X, National Congress of Educational Research. Veracruz, Mexico. Retrieved from http://www.comie.org.mx/congreso/memoriaelectronica/v10/pdf/area_t ematica_16/ponencias/0653-F.pdf
Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P., & Trow, M. (1997). The new production of knowledge. The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies. Barcelona, Spain: Pomares-Corredor S.A.
Gil Anton, M. (Coord.). (1994). Los rasgos de la diversidad: un estudio sobre los académicos mexicanos [The traits of diversity. A study on Mexican academics]. Azcapotzalco, México: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.
Grediaga, K. R. (2001). Challenges and conditions of development: the academic profession in Mexico in the last decade. Revista Mexicana de Investigación Educativa, 6(11), 95-117.
Hohendorf, G. (1999). Wilhen Von Humboldt. Retrieved from http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/archive/Publications/ thinkerspdf/humbolds.pdf
Ibarra, C. E. (2005). Origin of the university's entrepreneurship: the past of business management in the present management of the university. Journal of Higher Education, XXXIV2(134), 13-37.
Munevar, D. I., Arango, S. I., & Agudelo, A. C. (2006). Academic productivity at the National University. A critical approach. Bogota, Colombia: National University of Colombia.
Sánchez, R. L., Llado, L. D., Guzman, A., Pérez, M., Guzman, A., & Gómez, M. (2013). Collective modes of knowledge production of the academics of Mexican public universities. Lecture XIII, University Management Colloquium in South America. Mexico City, Mexico. Retrieved from https://repositorio.ufsc.br/handle/123456789/114936.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journalright of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs