How can Inequalities of Access to Education be Reduced inside Mainstream Education by Integrating Elements of the Private Sector?
Keywords:inequalities, education, mainstream education, private sector
AbstractIn France, for decades, a part of the education of children and teenagers living with a disability was entrusted to the professionals of the private sphere. With the aim of reducing the disparities of access to compulsory education, the French law passed on February 11, 2005, recommends that children living with a disability are schooled in the mainstream State educational system. The number of children with a handicap schooled in ordinary sector amounts to 279,000 in 2016 – against 155,000 at the end of 2006. Is this important increase correlated to a transformation of the private educational sphere? Was there, during the last decade, an increase of the role of the private sector in the increase of the number of children schooled in mainstream school? We shall analyze the evolution of the private sector input in public education regarding inclusive education at a macro level.
Academie Lyon. (2015). Visite de l'Unité d'Enseignement Maternelle pour enfants avec autisme à l'école François Truffaut (Lyon 5ème) [Visit of the Kindergarten Education Unit for children with autism at the François Truffaut School (Lyon 5th)]. Journée internationale des personnes handicapées 2015. Retrieved from http://www.ac-lyon.fr/cid96366/visite-de-l-unite-denseignement-maternelle-pour-enfants-avec-autisme-a-l-ecole-francoistruffaut-lyon-5eme.html
Heurdier , L. (2016). Expansion et transformation de l‟enseignement spécial: Le tournant des années 1960. Carrefours de l'éducation, 41(1), 133-149. doi:10.3917/cdle.041.0133
Institut national de la statistique et des etudes economiques (INSEE). (2016). Retrieved from https://www.data.gouv.fr/en/organizations/institutnational-de-la-statistique-et-des-etudes-economiques-insee/
Mill, J. S. (1998). De la liberté [On liberty]. Paris, France: Gallimard.
Ministère de l‟éducation nationale. (2016). Le compte de l’éducation, principes, méthodes et résultats pour les années 2006-2014 [Education account, principles, methods and results for the years 2006-2014]. Retrieved from http://cache.media.education.gouv.fr/file/206/59/2/DEPP-dossier-2016- 206_567592.pdf
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journalright of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs