Prosocial Behaviour of Teenagers and Adolescents: Concepts and Tendencies




Teenage, adolescence, altruistic position, empathy, selfish orientation, prosocial tendencies, prosocial orientation, values


The article provides a fundamental analysis in the detecting of the concept of "prosocial behaviour", relying on the existing studies. It is considered as a set of personality traits that determine a person's tendency to help others and willingness to benefit others and society. The structure of prosocial behaviour distinguishes the main components of prosocial behaviour: humanistic attitudes to interaction, empathy (the ability of a person to respond emotionally to the experience of another person), moral behaviour (moral values, moral actions, personal values) and altruism (selfless activity and helping people). The level of altruism, selfishness, empathetic tendencies, prosocial tendencies of student youth, norms of prosocial orientation are recognized as diagnostic indicators of prosocial behaviour. The following research methods are used: theoretical (analysis of scientific sources, generalization of the analysed literature and its systematization, identification of basic principles that the research is based on, formulation of conclusions); empirical and statistical methods. The results of an empirical study showed that teenagers' self-esteem is dominant in comparison to adolescents’, though the level of empathy among youth is proved to be much higher. It has been grounded that the empathy of adolescents, as well as teenagers, increases in situations of support and enhancement of the well-being of others, selflessness and sincerity. It has been confirmed statistically that teenagers giving assistance are characterized by the assessment of cost, loss and reward; however, adolescents are strongly exposed to a higher social responsibility rate.

Author Biographies

Oksana Chaikovska, Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University

Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior Lecturer of the Department of General and Applied Psychology at Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University.

Tetiana Holovach, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine

Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages and Culture of Professional Speech at Lviv State University of Internal Affairs

Liudmyla Melnyk, Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University

Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Social Psychology and Social Work at Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University.

Liubov Kuzo, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine

Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages and Culture of Professional Speech at Lviv State University of Internal Affairs.


Abrams, D., Van de Vyver, J., Pelletier, J., Cameron, L. (2015). Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members. British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 33 (3), 277-294.

Aronson, E. (2004). Sotsial'naya psikhologiya. Psikhologichiskiye zakony povedeniya cheloveka v sotsiume [Social Psychology. Psychological laws of human behaviour in society]. Sankpeterburg: Praym-Yevroznak.

Batson, C. D. (2011). Altruism in humans. USA: Oxford University Press. Chaldini, R. (2002). Sotsial'naya psikhologiya. Poymi drugikh, chtoby ponyat' sebya! [Social Psychology. Understand others to understand yourself!]. Sankpeterburg: PraymYevroznak.

Eisenberg, N., Cumberland, A., Guthrie, I. (2005). Age changes in prosocial responding and moral reasoning in adolescence and early adulthood. Journal of research. 15, 235-260.

Eysenck, M. W. (2009). Fundamentals of psychology. Routledge, Psychology Press.

Gavrilova, T. P. (2008). Utverzhdeniye empatii [The statement of empathy]. Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa. Moskva: IG-SOTSIN, 5, 204-216.

James, W. (2011). Psikhologiya [Psychology]. Moskva, “Akademicheskiy proyekt”, 320.

Kukhtova, N.V., Gritsenko, V.V., Molchanova, N.V., Kovaleva, Yu.V. (2014). Prosotsial'noye povedeniye migrantov i prinimayushchego naseleniya v usloviyakh mezhkul'turnogo vzaimodeystviya [Prosocial behaviour of migrants and the host population in the context of intercultural interaction]. Monografiya. Vitebsk: VGU imeni P.M. Masherova.

Lazăr, A., & Hatos, A. (2016). Generosity and prosocial behavior in middle school. The results of a survey in Bihor county schools. Paper presented at the Emerging Markets Economics and Business. Contributions of Young Researchers. Oradea, Romania. Retrieved from TS_OF_A_SURVEY_IN_BIHOR_COUNTY_SCHOOLS

Lazăr, A., & Hatos, A. (2019). Religiosity and Generosity of Youth. The Results of a Survey conducted on 8th Grade Students from Bihor County (Romania). Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 11(3), 93-118.

Molchanova, N.V. (2013). Prosotsial'noye povedeniye kak usloviye effektivnogo mezhkul'turnogo vzaimodeystviya [Prosocial behaviour as a condition for effective intercultural interaction]. Izvestiya Saratovskogo un-ta. Novaya seriya akmeologiya obrazovaniya. Psikhologiya razvitiya. T.2. (1), 3-6.

Raygorodskiy, D. Ya. (2002). Prakticheskaya psikhodiagnostika. Metodiki i testy [Practical psychodiagnostics. Methods and tests], uchebnoye posobiye. Samara: Izd. dom «BAKHRAKH-M». Schwartz, Sh. (2008). Kul'turnyye tsennosti oriyentatsii: priroda i sledstviya natsional'nykh razlichiy [Cultural values of orientation: nature and consequences of national differences]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal vysshey shkoly ekonomiki. T.5. (2), 37-67.

Shamionov, R. M. (2009). Psikhologiya sotsial'nogo povedeniya lichnosti [Psychology of personality social behaviour], ucheb. posobiye. Saratov: Izdatel'skiy tsentr “Nauka”.

Simpson, B., & Willer, R. (2015). Beyond altruism: Sociological foundations of cooperation and prosocial behavior. Annual Review of Sociology, 41, 43-63.

Stürmer, S., & Snyder, M. (2009). The psychology of prosocial behavior: Group processes, intergroup relations, and helping, Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Van der Graaff, J., Carlo, G., Crocetti, E., Koot, H. M., & Branje, S. (2018). Prosocial behavior in adolescence: Gender differences in development and links with empathy. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47. 1086–1099.

Yusupov, I.M. (1991). Psikhologiya vzaimoponimaniya [Psychology of Understanding]. Kazan': Tatar, kn. izd-vo.

Zanden, V., James, W. (1987) Social psychology. N.Y.: McGraw-Hill, Inc.




How to Cite

Chaikovska, O., Holovach, T., Melnyk, L., & Kuzo, L. (2020). Prosocial Behaviour of Teenagers and Adolescents: Concepts and Tendencies. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(1), 226-243.

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now