Psychological Profile of Unsuccessful University Students
Keywords:volitional qualities, involuntary qualities, unsuccessful students
AbstractNowadays higher education institutions train competitive, competent, and mobile professionals. One of the factors that influence the success of higher education students’ educational activities is the degree of development of their volitional qualities. The aim of our work is to determine the general psychological profile of an unsuccessful student concerning volitional qualities. In order to achieve this goal, we used a specially developed questionnaire “Volitional and Involuntary Qualities”. The questionnaire consists of 25 volitional qualities (of goal-oriented, encouraging, self-regulating, self-organizing and morally-directed groups) and involuntary qualities (of not oriented on a goal, braking, not regulating, not organizing and antimoral groups). To identify gender differences, we conducted a survey of an equal number of males and females. Thus, 476 unsuccessful students (238 males and 238 females) participated in the scientific study. Unsuccessful students were determined according to the results of educational activity. The research was conducted in 10 Ukrainian higher educational institutions of humanitarian direction. It was determined that the volitional qualities of unsuccessful students mainly include the following indicators: a) a high degree of development of decisiveness, courage, and bravery; b) the average degree of development of valor and boldness; c) a low level of development of purposefulness, persistence, initiative, self-control, self-mastery, patience, organization, diligence and heroism.
Barel, E., & Tzischinsky, O. (2018). Age and sex differences in verbal and visuospatial abilities. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 14(2). 51-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0238-x .
Bartram, D., & Roe, R. R. (2005). Definition and assessment of competences in the context of European diploma in psychology. European Psychologist, 10(2), 93-102.
Batilani, T. G., Belem, I. C., & Both, J. (2018). Different profiles in terms of motivation and concerns of physical education students. Movimento, 24(2), 619-632. http://dx.doi.org/10.22456/1982-8918.74947 .
Gutierrez, R., & Padagas, R. (2019). Unveiling a pain point in a college classroom: college students’ perceptions of academic dishonesty and some tests of correlations, Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(12), 2634-2641. http://dx.doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2019.071210 .
Herdem, D. Ö. (2019). The effect of psychological capital on motivation for individual instrument: a study on university students. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(6), 1402-1413. http://dx.doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2019.070608 .
Ivannikov, V. A. (2006). Psihologicheskie mehanizmyi volevoy regulyatsii [Psychological mechanisms of volitional regulation]. Piter
Karahanyan, K. G. (2016). Vliyanie motivatsii i voli na protsess uspeshnogo obucheniya studentov [The influence of motivation and will on the process of students’ successful education]. Education and Upbringing, 5, 154-156. https://moluch.ru/th/4/archive/48/1370 .
Maciuszek, J., Polczyk, R., & Tucholska, K. (2019). Direct and indirect relationships between life satisfaction, values, and time perspectives: Research on a sample of Polish students. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 15(2). 133-142. http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0263-0 .
Marín, M., Infante, E., & Troyano, Y. (2001). Personality and academic productivity in the university student. Social Behavior and Personality, 3(29), 299-306.
Pahud, O., Rammsayer, T. H., & Troche, S. J. (2018). Relationship between speed of information processing and speed-, capacity-, and memory-related aspects of psychometric intelligence. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 14(1). 3-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.5709/acp-0233-4 .
Pânişoară, G., Pânişoară, I., Sandu, C., & Chirca, R. (2016). The status of positive psychology strengths within the Romanian school in the digital society. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 7(4), 5-22.
Polyanskaya, E., Fisenko, O., & Kulakova V. (2018). Strong-willed character traits in students’ career orientation in the labor market and self-realization. European Research Studies Journal, 21, 606-613. http://dx.doi.org/10.11214/thalassinos.21.06.062 .
Popovych, I. S., & Blynova, O. Ye. (2019). The structure, variables and interdependence of the factors of mental states of expectations in students’ academic and professional activities. The New Educational Review, 55(1), 293-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2019.55.1.24 .
Prontenko, K., Griban, G., Medvedeva, I., Aloshyna, A., Bloshchynskyi, I., Bezpaliy, S. et al. (2019). Interrelation of students’ motivation for physical education and their physical fitness level. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 8(2.1), 815-824. https://doi.org/10.30472/ijaep.v8i2.1.566 .
Ren, X., Schweizer, K., & Xu, F. (2013). The sources of the relationship between sustained attention and reasoning. Intelligence, 41, 51-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2012.10.006 .
Shkola, O., Griban, G., Prontenko, K., Fomenko, O., Zhamardiy, V., Bondarenko, V., et al. (2019). Formation of valuable orientations in youth during physical training. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 8(3.1), 264-272. http://dx.doi.org/10.26655/IJAEP.2019.10.1 .
Soroka, O., Kalaur, S., & Balendr, A. (2019). Diagnostics of leadership qualities of specialists of “Man-Man” type of professions in military and civil higher education institutions: Psychological and pedagogical approach. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 11(4 Supl. 1), 264-277. http://dx.doi.org/10.18662/rrem/189 .
Tymoshenko, O., Arefiev, V., Griban, G., Domina, Zh., Вublei, T., Bondar, T., et al. (2019). Characteristics of the motivational value-based attitude of students towards physical education. Revista Dilemas Contemporáneos: Educación, Política y Valores. Año: VII, Número: Edición Especial, Artículo no.: 11, Período: Octubre, 2019. https://dilemascontemporaneoseducacionpoliticayvalores.com/_files/200006053-3993339934/19.10.11%20Caracter%C3%ADsticas%20de%20la%20actitud%20motivacional%20basada%20en.....pdf.
Tokar, D. M., Fischer, A. R., & Subich, L. M. (1998). Personality and vocational behavior: A selective review. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 53, 115-153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1998.1660 .
Tsilmak. O. M. (2019). Etalonniy psihologichniy profil volovih yakostey slidchogo [Reference psychological profile of the will of the investigator]. Social-Law Studios, 2(4), 22-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.32518/2617-4162-2019-2-22-26 .
Tsilmak, O. M. (2015). Profesiyno-psihologichniy vidbir suddiv za kriteriem – volovi yakosti [Professional and psychological selection of judges by criterion – volitional qualities]. South Ukrainian Law Journal, 3, 213-215.
Vasiliev, I., & Kul, Yu. (2006). Vliyanie individualnyih psihologicheskih razlichiy na protsess resheniya problem [Influence of individual psychological differences on the process of problems solving]. Psychology Issues, 1, 140-147.
Voloshenko, M., Dzhezhik, O., & Azarkina, A. (2020). The method of forming the health-saving competence of pedagogical universities’ students. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(1), 198-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.18662/rrem/209 .
Zelenskiy, R., Popova, O., Sokolovskyi, V., & Stashchak, M. (2018). Formation of emotional-volitional culture of future policemen in the course of vocational training. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 10(2), 198-209. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/56 .
Zhurat, Y., Davydyuc, N., & Olinynyk, M. (2019). Psychological and pedagogical factors of activating the masters students cognitive interests to the study of foreign languages. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 11(1), 312-324. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/113 .
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journalright of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs