The Christian Finality of John Locke's Theory of Empiricism

Authors

  • Marius DUMITRESCU Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences«Alexandru Ioan Cuza» University of Iasi, Romaniae-mail : dumitrescu.marius66@yahoo.com phone : +40751789509

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/12.3/329

Keywords:

divine law, natural law, Christian empiricism, John Locke

Abstract

In this paper I will present the way in which John Locke connected the Hobbesian theory of the natural state to a vision that also takes into account Christian precepts.

First of all, I will show that, for Hobbes, the story of mankind was in fact a history of submission to a terrestrial power, bearing the metaphorical name of Leviathan, a true political monster. Hobbes's conclusion was that God's intervention in history is reserved only to those actions that do not concern coercion and punishment, but only evangelization, in view of the Savior's second coming.

Secondly, I will show that this sharp separation Hobbes makes between divine law, which only regards Salvation, and the natural one, which underlies the political relations between people, is a matter of which Locke, a spirit far more pious than the author of the Leviathan, cannot accept it. Locke actually looked for a way to conclude an agreement between Filmer's theory on royalty, which exaggerated the role of the divine law on politics, and the Hobbesian theory of the natural state, which is devoid of God's intervention.

In conclusion, I consider that the result of Locke’s philosophical compromise will be a new type of empiricism, which we can call Christian, different from that of his predecessors, Bacon and Hobbes, which had had more an epistemological character.

References

Marshall, J. (1994). John Locke: Resistance, Religion and Responsibility, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hobbes, T. (2014). Leviathan, with an introduction by Richard Serjeantson, Ware: Wordsworth Editions Limited.

Dunn, J. (2009). Locke, translated by Teodor Gugiu, Bucureşti: Editura ALL.

Locke, J. (2014). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding with the Second Treatise of Government, with an introduction by Marc G. Spencer, Ware: Wordsworth Editions Limited.

Gorham, G. A. (2011). Spinoza, Locke, and the Limits of Dutch Toleration. Macalester International: Vol. 27, Article 12.

Cordoneanu, I. (2006). Creaţie şi Întrupare: Teoria Logosului de la Ioan Teologul la Atanasie cel Mare, Iaşi: Lumen.

Downloads

Published

2020-10-05

How to Cite

DUMITRESCU, M. (2020). The Christian Finality of John Locke’s Theory of Empiricism. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(3), 416-425. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/12.3/329

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now