An Appropriate Set of Skills for Limiting the Spread of Fake News

Authors

  • Nicoleta Acomi Constanta Maritime University
  • Luis Ochoa Siguencia Prof Dr Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland
  • Ovidiu Acomi Asociatia TEAM 4 Excellence

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/13.1/360

Keywords:

Fake news, disinformation campaigns, survey, social media networks

Abstract

The diversity of news distributed via social media communication channels exposes citizens to large scale disinformation including misleading and false information. In this context of the massive use of social media and considering the EU Youth Strategy 2019-2027 with regards to democracy, there is a strong need for analytical skills. The main problem is the reduced level of commitment of people to evaluate social media news and to develop the proper analytical skills.

This paper aims at exemplifying the utility of conducting survey-based primary research for identifying the most appropriate analytical skills for dealing with fake news. The research method consists of establishing and distributing a questionnaire targeting various categories of people. Feedback was collected through an online survey in 2020. The questionnaire included category questions aiming at analysing the responses from the age, youth category and time spent online perspective. This approach is thought to provide data of sufficient quality and quantity to meet the objective of identifying the most appropriate analytical skills for dealing with fake news.

The results of this study emphasize the views of respondents with regards to fake news approach, the extent to which various categories of people are checking the news before sharing, as well as the preferred criteria used for verifying the correctness of the news from social media. Based on the analysis of the results, the author proposed a set of solutions to empower youth to evaluate fake news and to detect disinformation campaigns across social networks.

Author Biographies

Nicoleta Acomi, Constanta Maritime University

Navigation Department, ViceDean of Faculty of Navigation and Waterborne Transport, Constanta Maritime University

Luis Ochoa Siguencia, Prof Dr Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland

PhD degree in Research and Innovation in Education from the “Balearic Islands University”, Mallorca – Spain. Academic – Researcher member at University of Physical Education in Katowice, Department of Tourism Management.

Ovidiu Acomi, Asociatia TEAM 4 Excellence

MBA, youth worker Association TEAM4Excellence, Constanta, Romania

References

Babbie, E. R. (2012). The Practice of Social Research (13th ed.). Wadsworth Publishing.

Bensley, D. A., & Haynes, C. (1995). The Acquisition of General Purpose Strategic Knowledge for Argumentation. Teaching of Psychology, 22(1), 41–45. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15328023top2201_13

Collis, J., & Hussey, R. (2013). Business Research: A Practical Guide for Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students (4th ed.). Red Globe Press.

Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2013). Business Research Methods (12th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

Council of Europe. (2018). Dealing with propaganda, misinformation and fake news. Democratic Schools for All. https://www.coe.int/en/web/campaign-free-to-speak-safe-to-learn/dealing-with-propaganda-misinformation-and-fake-news

Del Vicario, M., Bessi, A., Zollo, F., Petroni, F., Scala, A., Caldarelli, G., Stanley, H. E., & Quattrociocchi, W. (2016). The spreading of misinformation online. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(3), 554-559. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1517441113

European Commission. (2018). EU Code of Practice against disinformation. European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=54454

Haryati, S., & Hidayati, D. N. (2017). Hoax News: Promoting the Students’ Critical Thinking in Critical Reading Class. Register Journal, 10(2), 122. https://doi.org/10.18326/rgt.v10i2.122-139

Rubin, V. L., Chen, Y., & Conroy, N. K. (2015). Deception detection for news: Three types of fakes. Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 52(1), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1002/pra2.2015.145052010083

Saunders, M. N. K., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2015). Research Methods for Business Students (7th ed.). Pearson.

Standage, T. (2017, July 5). The true history of fake news. The Economist. https://www.economist.com/1843/2017/07/05/the-true-history-of-fake-news

TNS Political & Social. (2018, February). Flash Eurobarometer (Fake News and Disinformation Online) (Report No. 464). European Commission, Directorate-General for Communications Networks. https://doi.org/10.2759/559993

Vosoughi, S., Roy, D., & Aral, S. (2018). The spread of true and false news online. Science, 359(6380), 1146-1151. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aap9559

Downloads

Published

2021-03-16

How to Cite

Acomi, N., Ochoa Siguencia, L., & Acomi, O. (2021). An Appropriate Set of Skills for Limiting the Spread of Fake News. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 13(1), 71-80. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/13.1/360

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now