Research of the Problem of Autism and Autistic Disorders: Theoretical Aspect

Authors

  • Nataliia Bazyma National Pedagogical Dragomanov University
  • Yevheniia Lyndina Berdyansk State Pedagogical University
  • Olha Rasskazova Municipal Institution "Kharkiv Humanitarian and Pedagogical Academy" of the Kharkiv Regional Council
  • Ganna Kavylina South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K.D.Ushynsky
  • Olga Litovchenko South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K.D.Ushynsky"
  • Iryna Hrynyk Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/14.2/582

Keywords:

Mechanisms of disease, intellectual development, therapeutic work with children, clinical classifications, etiology of the syndrome, correctional work, social development of children

Abstract

The causes of autism remain insufficiently differentiated. It is unlikely that any single disorder can be considered as the only cause of various symptoms and severity of autistic disorders. Although the specific causes of autism remain unclear, significant progress has been made in understanding the possible mechanisms of the disease. Turning to historical sources, we find that the origin and origin of the term "autism" are associated with forming a system of knowledge on the problem of diagnosis and further therapeutic work with children who need unique approaches to learn and educate. Analysis of the classifications of autism reveals the ambiguity of approaches to them. The first attempts at differentiation in the middle of childhood autism syndrome were clinical classifications based on the syndrome's etiology. They play a significant role in developing adequate approaches to providing medical care to children with autism. Psychological and pedagogical tasks required other approaches to determine, depending on the specific situation, the specialization, strategy, and tactics of correctional work. First of all, there was a search for prognostic signs that would assess the possibilities of mental and social development of children in this category. To this end, some scholars have put forward criteria for assessing speech and intellectual development. The analysis of difficulties of the unanimous possibility of classification on separate indicators of mental development of the child (intelligence, speech, behavior, self-regulation, etc.) can be explained by parallel existence of classifications operating today in world practice.

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Published

2022-05-09

How to Cite

Bazyma, N., Lyndina, Y., Rasskazova, O., Kavylina, G., Litovchenko, O., & Hrynyk, I. (2022). Research of the Problem of Autism and Autistic Disorders: Theoretical Aspect. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 14(2), 301-317. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/14.2/582

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