The Motives for Choosing a Profession by the Future Rescuers


  • Alona Chaban Adjunct of the National University of Civil Defense of Ukraine



Motive, motivation, rescuer, motivation factors, choice, risky profession, professional motivation


The article highlights the motives for choosing a profession for the future rescuers. It is noted that in the era of postmodernism, the profession of a rescuer is undergoing the changes, since the cases of emergencies and disasters becomes more frequent, and it becomes relevant. The essence of the "motive", "motivation", "rescuer" concepts was investigated. It was proved that the professional motivation is significant in the profession of a rescuer. In addition, it is noted that the motive for choosing a profession is influenced by studying at a higher educational establishment, that is, the direct influence of the teachers; in addition, the professional vocation, the professional intentions, the need for activity, and the value orientations in the profession play an important role. A review of the articles by domestic and foreign authors on the problem raised was made. It turned out that the number of studies on this issue is not numerous. The types of the professional motives of the risky professions representatives were determined. The positive factors and disadvantages of the profession of a rescuer were highlighted. The focus is on the nervous and emotional stress during the work. It is noted that the researchers determine the main 4 criteria that contribute to the choice of profession: the desire to pursue a professional career, the desire to help another person, the appetence to the risks, danger, and receiving a high stable salary. In addition, 4 main factors that affect the professional growth of a rescuer were identified: the attitude, the capacity for knowledge, the inspiration, and the environment. The real factors influencing the professional motivation of future rescuers were considered. It is noted that the profession of a rescuer is both psychologically and physically dangerous. The research was considered, which indicates that 30% of university graduates have immature motivation for the professional activity. In addition, 3 levels of motivation were considered: high, medium and low. The content components of the professional self-concept of the future rescuer were clarified.


Bilodid, I. K., Buriachok, A., Hnatiuk, H. M., & Dotsenko, P. P. (1973). Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (1970 - 1980) Vol. 4 Scientific Thought.

Bilodid, I. K., Buriachok, A., Hnatiuk, H. M., & Dotsenko, P. P. (1977). Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (1970 - 1980), Vol. 8. Scientific Thought.

Buckman, J. III. (2019). Company officer tips for staying motivated on the job. Fire Rescue.

Cabe, M. (2018). Higher Education: Career Mastery Is a Matter of Choice. Firehouse.

Chulaw, M. (2011). 10 Interview Questions & Answers for Lifeguard Job Applicants. Interview Penguin.

Costa, C. (2021). Keys to Getting Hired in Today’s Fire Service. Fire Fighter Nation.

Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor. (2020). Firefighters. Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor.

Fadden, A. (2021). The journey of lifelong learning. Canadian Fire Fighter.

Heydari, A., Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh, A., Ardalan, A., Ebadi, A., Mohammadfam, I., & Khorasani-Zavareh. D. (2021). Exploring the criteria and factors affecting firefighters’ resilience: A qualitative study. Chinese Journal of Traumatology, 25(2), 107–114.

Kastros, A. (2021). How to Inspire and Motivate Firefighters. Engineering.

Khatsaiuk , O., Medvid, M., Maksymchuk , B., Kurok , O., Dziuba, P., Tyurina, V., Chervonyi , P., Yevdokimova , O., Levko, M., Demchenko, I., Maliar, N., Maliar, E., & Maksymchuk , I. (2021). Preparing Future Officers for Performing Assigned Tasks through Special Physical Training. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 13(2), 457-475.

Kolot, A. M. (1998). Motyvatsiya, stymulyuvannya ta otsinka personalu [Motivation, stimulation and evaluation of personnel]. KNEU

Koval, I. S. (2017). Formuvannya profesiynoyi hotovnosti maybutnikh ryatuvalʹnykiv do roboty v ekstremalʹnykh umovakh [Formation of professional readiness of the future rescuers to work in extreme conditions] [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Lviv State University Of Life Safety.

Mahda, V. А. (2010). Osoblyvosti vzayemozv'yazku motyvatsiyi vyboru profesiyi ryatuvalʹnyka i lokusu kontrolyu osobystostita yikh vplyv na rozvytok profesiynoyi deformatsiyi pratsivnykiv mns [Features of the relationship between the motivation for choosing a rescuer profession and the locus of personality control and their impact on the development of employees' professional deformity at the Ministry of Emergency Situations ]. Problemy ekstremalʹnoyi ta kryzovoyi psykholohiyi [Problems of extreme and crisis psychology], 7, 310-319.

Maksymchuk, B., Gurevych, R., Matviichuk, T., Surovov, O., Stepanchenko, N., Opushko, N., Sitovskyi, A., Kosynskyi, E., Bogdanyuk, A., Vakoliuk, A., Solovyov, V., & Maksymchuk, I. (2020a). Training Future Teachers to Organize School Sport. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(4), 310-327.

Maksymchuk, B., Matviichuk, T., Solovyov, V., Davydenko, H., Soichuk, R., Khurtenko, O., Groshovenko, O., Stepanchenko, N., Andriychuk, Y., Grygorenko, T., Duka, T., Pidlypniak, I., Gurevych, R., Kuzmenko, V., & Maksymchuk, I. (2020b). Developing Healthcare Competency in Future Teachers. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(3), 24-43.

Mellen, D. (2011). Dedication or Motivation? Fire Engineering.

Nerubasska, A., & Maksymchuk, B. (2020). The Demarkation of Creativity, Talent and Genius in Humans: a Systemic Aspect. Postmodern Openings, 11(2), 240-255.

Nerubasska, A., Palshkov, K., & Maksymchuk, B. (2020). A Systemic Philosophical Analysis of the Contemporary Society and the Human: New Potential. Postmodern Openings, 11(4), 275-292.

Prots, R., Yakovliv, V., Medynskyi, S., Kharchenko, R., Hryb, T., Klymenchenko, T., Ihnatenko, S., Buzhyna, I., & Maksymchuk, B. (2021). Psychophysical Training of Young People for Homeland Defence Using means of Physical Culture and Sports. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 12(3), 149-171.

Rielage, R. (2018). What motivates new firefighters? Fire Rescue.

Samoilenko, L. S. (2014). Problema profesiynoyi motyvatsiyi fakhivtsiv ryzykovanykh profesiy u naukovykh doslidzhennyakh. Pozhezhna bezpeka [The problem of professional motivation of the risky professions specialists in the scientific researches. Fire safety]. Theory and Practice, 18, 109-114.

Schmidt, B. (2007). Understanding What Motivates Our Firefighters. Fire Rrescue.

Skorobohatov, Yu. А. (2012). Analiz stanu rozrobky problemy profesiynoyi motyvatsiyi ryatuvalʹnykiv MNS Ukrayiny [Analysis of the problem development state of the professional motivation of rescuers at the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Ukraine]. Bulletin of the National Defense University of Ukraine, 4, 250-255.

Stelmakh, O. (2017). Strukturno-zmistovni komponenty profesiynoyi YA-kontseptsiyi maybutnikh ryatuvalʹnykiv [Structural and content components of the professional Ego-concept of the future rescuers]. Bulletin of Lviv University. Series: psychological sciences, 1, 126-133.

Tymchenko, O. V. (2003). Profesiynyy stres pratsivnykiv orhaniv vnutrishnikh sprav Ukrayiny (kontseptualizatsiya, prohnozuvannya, diahnostyka ta korektsiya) [Professional stress of the employees of internal affairs bodies of Ukraine (conceptualization, forecasting, diagnostics and correction)] [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. National University of Internal Affairs Kharkiv.

Vavryniv O. S. (2018). Professional motivation of the future rescuers to work in special conditions. In O. S. Vavryniv The psychological foundations of ensuring the official activity of the law enforcement officers: Materials of the I-st All-Ukrainian scientific and practical (pp. 343–345). DLI MIA.




How to Cite

Chaban, A. (2022). The Motives for Choosing a Profession by the Future Rescuers. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 14(4 Sup.1), 187-200.



Psycho-Social Competencies & Educational Strategies

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now