Academic Integrity in Higher Educational Institutions in Times of the Covid-19 Pandemic: World Experience and Ukrainian Realities
Keywords:academic integrity, higher educational institutions, tertiary education, academic dishonesty, policy-marking of academic integrity.
Distance learning and online evaluation created challenges for academic integrity because academic dishonesty has become widespread. The article deals with actual problems of observance of academic integrity in higher educational institutions in Ukraine generally and during the transition to online training.
Analysis of divergent world’s rankings is demonstrated the close interrelation among the quality of educational system and total level of economic welfare and prosperity of the country, where academic integrity is a primary indicator of the quality of education. Today Ukraine has a lot of actual problems of observance of academic integrity in higher educational institutions generally and during the transition to online learning. Based on the world experience of observance of academic integrity, Ukraine needs profound transformational change. Results demonstrated that it is necessary to form a new policy-making of academic integrity and a new culture in universities in Ukraine, where the dedication of academic integrity should become fundamentally important for any open and democratic society. Higher educational institutions should bear primary responsibility for maintaining academic integrity in the academic society, perform their main assignments effectively, and each participant should be given a certain role, rights, obligations and responsibility.
American Council for International Education. (2020). We congratulate universities with their attachment to the project. American Council for International Education. https://saiup.org.ua/novyny/vitayemo-universytety-z-doluchennyam-do-proyektu-initsiatyva-akademichnoyi-dobrochesnosti-ta-yakosti-osvity/
Amigud, A., & Lancaster, T. (2019). 246 Reasons to Cheat: An Analysis of Students’ Reasons for Seeking to Outsource Academic Work. Computers & Education, 134, 98–107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.01.017
Amzalag, M., Shapira, N., & Dolev, N. (2022). Two Sides of the Coin: Lack of Academic Integrity in Exams During the Corona Pandemic, Students' and Lecturers' Perceptions. Journal of Academic Ethics, 20, 243–263. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-021-09413-5
Artyukhov, A., & Liuta, O. (2017). Academic Integrity in Ukrainian Higher Education: Values, Skills, Actions. Business Ethics and Leadership, 1(1), 34–39. https://doi.org/10.21272/bel.2017.1-04
Ayoub/Al-Salim, M. I., & Khaled, A. (2021). The Relationship between Academic Integrity of Online University Students and Its Effects on Academic Performance and Learning Quality. Journal of Ethics in Entrepreneurship and Technology, 1(1), 43-60. https://doi.org/10.1108/jeet-02-2021-0009
Azulay Chertok, I. R., Barnes, E. R., & Gilleland, D. (2014). Academic Integrity in the Online Learning Environment for Health Sciences Students. Nurse Education Today, 34(10), 1324–1329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2013.06.002
Barbaranelli, C., Farnese, M. L., Tramontano, C., Fida, R., Ghezzi, V., Paciello, M., & Long, P. (2018). Machiavellian Ways to Academic Cheating: A Mediational and Interactional Model. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 695. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00695
Bashir, H., & Bala, R. (2018). Development and Validation of Academic Dishonesty Scale (ADS): Presenting a Multidimensional Scale. International Journal of Instruction, 11(2), 57–74. https://doi.org/10.12973/iji.2018.1125a
Basken, P. (2020, December 23). Universities say student cheating exploding in Covid era. Times Higher Education (THE). https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/universities-say-student-cheating-exploding-covid-era
Brown, T., Isbel, S., Logan, A., & Etherington, J. (2020). Predictors of Academic Integrity in Undergraduate and Graduate-Entry Masters Occupational Therapy Students. Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy, 33(2), 42–54, https://doi.org/10.1177/1569186120968035
Clinciu, A. I., Cazan, A-M., & Ives, B. (2021). Academic Dishonesty and Academic Adjustment among the Students at University Level: An Exploratory Study. SAGE Open, 11,2, https://doi.org/10.1177/21582440211021839
Council of Europe. (2021). Call for Best Practices in Promoting Academic Integrity during COVID-19. Council of Europe. https://www.coe.int/en/web/education/-/call-for-best-practices-in-promoting-academic-integrity-during-covid-19
Dhillon, P. (2011). The Role of Education in Freedom from Poverty as a Human Right. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 43(3), 249–259. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-5812.2009.00595.x
Duliba, Y., Ovcharuk, S., Doichyk, M., Hoian, I., Vergolyas, M., & Sarancha, I. (2022). The Transformation of the Global Civil Society during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Postmodern Openings, 13(1), 436-449. https://doi.org/10.18662/po/13.1/406
Eaton, S. E. (2020). Academic Integrity during COVID-19: Reflections from the University of Calgary. International Studies in Educational Administration, 48(1), 80-85. http://hdl.handle.net/1880/112293
Erguvan, I. D. (2021). The Rise of Contract Cheating during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study through the Eyes of Academics in Kuwait. Language Testing in Asia, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s40468-021-00149-y
Fida, R., Tramontano, C., Paciello, M., Ghezzi, V., & Barbaranelli, C. (2018). Understanding the Interplay among Regulatory Self-Efficacy, Moral Disengagement, and Academic Cheating Behaviour during Vocational Education: A Three-Wave Study. Journal of Business Ethics, 153(3), 725–740. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-016-3373-6 p/2
International Center for Academic Integrity (ICAI). (2021). The Fundamental Values Of Academic Integrity Third Edition. International Center for Academic Integrity. https://academicintegrity.org/images/pdfs/20019_ICAI-Fundamental-Values_R12.pdf
Khan Zeenath, R., Sivasubramaniam, S., Anand, P., & Hysaj, A. (2021). E’-Thinking Teaching and Assessment to Uphold Academic Integrity: Lessons Learned from Emergency Distance Learning. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 17(1), https://doi.org/10.1007/s40979-021-00079-5
Lanier, M. M. (2006). Academic Integrity and Distance Learning. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 17(2), 244–261. https://doi.org/10.1080/10511250600866166
Legatum Institute Foundation. (2021). Legatum Prosperity Index 2021. Legatum Institute Foundation. https://www.prosperity.com/rankings
Luck, J-A, Chugh, R.Turnbull, D., Pember, E. R. (2021). Glitches and Hitches: Sessional Academic Staff Viewpoints on Academic Integrity and Academic Misconduct. Higher Education Research & Development, 41(4), 1152-1167. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2021.1890697
National Agency for Higher Education Quality Assurance. (2021). Annual Report 2020. National Agency for Higher Education Quality Assurance. https://naqa.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/%D0%A0%D1%96%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9-%D0%B7%D0%B2%D1%96%D1%82-2020.pdf
National Board for Assessment of Research Misconduct. (2021). Rapporter. National Board for Assessment of Research Misconduct. https://www.oredlighetsprovning.se/rapporter
National Institute for Strategic Studies. (2017). Status and Problems in Combating Plagiarism in Ukrainian Education. National Institute for Strategic Studies. https://niss.gov.ua/sites/default/files/2017-12/plagiat-8be00.pdf
OECD. (2017). OECD Reviews of Integrity in Education: Ukraine 2017. OECD. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264270664-en
OECD. (2021). Population with tertiary education (indicator). OECD. https://doi.org/10.1787/0b8f90e9-en
Popoola, I.T., Garner, B., Ammeter, A., Krey, N., Beu Ammeter. D., & Schafer, S. (2017). How Does Ethics Institutionalization Reduce Academic Cheating? Journal of Education for Business, 92(1), 29–35, https://doi.org/10.1080/08832323.2016.1274710
QS Top Universities. (2021). QS World University Rankings 2021. QS Top Universities. https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2021
Rashid, S., & Yadav, S. S. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Higher Education and Research. Indian Journal of Human Development, 14(2), 340–343. https://doi.org/10.1177/0973703020946700
Stiles, C. A., & Gair, G. (2010). Examining the Culture of Academic Integrity: A Study of Risk Factors. Journal of College and Character, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.2202/1940-1639.1010
Stoesz, B. M., & Eaton, S. E. (2020). Academic Integrity Policies of Publicly Funded Universities in Western Canada. Educational Policy, 36(6), 1529–1548. https://doi.org/10.1177/0895904820983032
Swartz, L. B., & Cole, M. T. (2013). Students' perception of academic integrity in online business education courses. Journal of Business and Educational Leadership, 4(1), 102 – 112. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.655.4233&rep=rep1&type=pdf#page=103
Teremetskyi, V., Grynko, P., & Karmaza, O. (2017). Conceptual Principles for Increasing the Efficiency of Legislative Regulation of the Educational Process in Ukraine. Science and Education, 26(6), 74–80. https://doi.org/10.24195/2414-4665-2017-6-12
Times Higher Education (THE). (2021). World University Rankings. Times Higher Education. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2021/world-ranking#!/page/0/length/25/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc/cols/stats
UNESCO & United Nations. (2019). Strengthening the Rule of Law through Education a Guide for Policymakers. UNESCO and United Nations. https://www.unodc.org/documents/e4j/UNESCO/2795_18_Global_Citizenship_Education_for_the_Rule_of_Law_gris_complet.pdf
UNESCO. (2004). The Bucharest Declaration Concerning Ethical Values and Principles for Higher Education in the Europe Region. Higher Education in Europe, 29(4), 503–507. https://doi.org/10.1080/03797720500083922
UNESCO. (2021). Global education monitoring report summary, 2021/2: non-state actors in education: who chooses? who loses? UNESCO. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000380076
UNICEF. (2020). COVID-19: Are Children Able to Continue Learning during School Closures? UNICEF. https://data.unicef.org/resources/remote-learning-reachability-factsheet/
United Nations. (2015). The Sustainable Development Agenda - United Nations Sustainable Development. United Nations. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/development-agenda/
University of Melbourne. (2021). Student Academic Integrity Policy (MPF1310). University of Melbourne. https://policy.unimelb.edu.au/MPF1310#section-5.13
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2017). On Education: Law of Ukraine, September 2017. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2145-19#Text
Whitley, B. E., & Keith-Spiegel, P. (2001). Academic Integrity as an Institutional Issue. Ethics & Behavior , 11(3), 325–342. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327019eb1103_9
World Bank, UNESCO, & UNICEF. (2021). The State of the Global Education Crisis: A Path to Recovery. The World Bank, UNESCO, & UNICEF. https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/416991638768297704/pdf/The-State-of-the-Global-Education-Crisis-A-Path-to-Recovery.pdf
World Population Review. (2021). Education Rankings by Country 2021. World Population Review. https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/education-rankings-by-country
Zhang, Y., Lin, H., Zhang, X., & Ye, Q. (2021). The next Steps in Academic Integrity - Education, Awareness, Norms, Duty and Law. Forensic Sciences Research, 6(4), 341–346. https://doi.org/10.1080/20961790.2021.1970887
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journalright of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs