Lying – Between Normality and Pathology

Authors

  • Constantin Nechifor Petre Andrei University of Iasi, Romania
  • Anișoara Sandovici University "Vasile Alecsandri" of Bacău

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/upasw/25/39

Keywords:

Lying, Pathological lying, Forensic psychiatry

Abstract

This paper presents the difference between the so-called normal lying and pathological lying. Pathological lying is a fascinating topic, still lacking a professional consensus on etiology, treatment and prognosis. The paper explores some of the possible psychological mechanisms underlying pathological lying and considers the forensics significance of normal versus pathological lying. The relationship between pathological lying and mental disorders is also discussed. The paper suggests that lying should be considered as a heterogeneous and multidimensional behavioral model. The paper also highlights how important it is to assess the patient’s control over the lie,the role attributted to lying, the acknowledgement and awareness of the lieby the patient, and the effect of the lie on their daily routine.

Author Biographies

Constantin Nechifor, Petre Andrei University of Iasi, Romania

As. Prof. PhD, University ,,Petre Andrei,, of Iași

Anișoara Sandovici, University "Vasile Alecsandri" of Bacău

Assoc. Prof. PhD, University "Vasile Alecsandri" of Bacău

References

Adetunji, B., Basil, B., Budur, K., & Oladinni, O. (2006). Pathological lying. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 34(1).

American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV-TR (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.

DePaulo, B. M., Kashy, D. A., Kirkendol, S. E., Wyer, M. M., & Epstein, J. A. (1996). Lying in everyday life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(5), 979–995.

Dike, C. C. (2008). Pathological lying: Symptom or disease? Psychiatric Times, 25(7), 67–73.

Dike, C. C., Baranoski, M., & Griffith, E. E. H. (2005). Pathological lying revisited. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 33(3), 342–349.

Ford, C. V. (1996). Pathological lying. Lies!, Lies!!, Lies!!! The psychology of deceit. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

Ford, C. V., King, B. H., & Hollender, M. H. (1988). Lies and liars: Psychiatric aspects of prevarication. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 145(5), 554–562.

Gorgos, C., (1998), Dicţionar enciclopedic de psihiatrie.Vol. III. Bucureşti: Editura Medicală.

Grubin, D. (2005). Commentary: Getting at the truth about pathological lying. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 33(3), 350–353.

Harter, S. (1999). The construction of the self: A developmental perspective. New York: Guilford Press.

Janssens, S., Morrens, M., & Sabbe, B. G. C. (2008). Pseudologia fantastica: Definition and position in relation to axis I and axis II psychiatric disorders. Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie, 50(10), 679–683.

Karim, A. A., Schneider, M., Lotze, M., Veit, R., Sauseng, P., Braun, C., & Birbaumer, N. (2010). The truth about lying: Inhibition of the anterior prefrontal cortex improves deceptive behavior. Cerebral Cortex, 20(1), 205–213.

McWilliams, N. (1994). Psychoanalitic diagnosis: Understanding personality structure in the clinical process. New York. London: The Guilford Press.

Norcross, J., & Goldfried, M. (1992). Handbook of psychotherapy integration. New York. London: Basic Books.

Paraskevoulakou, A., & Antonopoulou, V. (2010). The necessity of a structured framework for considering pathological lying in the forensic context. Annals of General Psychiatry, 9(Suppl. 1), S231.

Resnick, P. J. (1999). The detection of malingered psychosis. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 22(1), 159–172.

Sadock, B. J., & Sadock, V. A. (Eds.). (2000). Kaplan & Sadock's comprehensive textbook of psychiatry (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Sandu, A. (2017). Construcţia socială a profesiei de consilier de probaţiune. Iaşi: Lumen.

Sandu, A., & Unguru, E. (2016). Medierea şi probaţiunea: Practici sociale restaurative. Iaşi: Lumen.

Simpson, J., & Weiner, E. (1989). Oxford English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Snyder, S. (1986). Pseudologia fantastica in the borderline patient. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 143(10), 1287–1289.

Strom, J., & Barone, D. (1993). Self-deception, self-esteem, and control over drinking at different stages of alcohol involvement. Journal of Drug Issues, 23, 705–714.

Turner, M. A. (2006). Factitious disorders: Reformulating the DSM-IV criteria. Psychosomatics, 47(1), 23–32.

Wiley, S. D. (1998). Deception and detection in psychiatric diagnosis. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 21(4), 869–893.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-21

How to Cite

Nechifor, C., & Sandovici, A. (2020). Lying – Between Normality and Pathology. Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" Din Iasi - Fascicula: Asistenta Sociala, Sociologie, Psihologie, 25, 117-128. https://doi.org/10.18662/upasw/25/39

Most read articles by the same author(s)


Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now