https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/issue/feed Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice 2021-03-10T08:43:02+02:00 Teodora PRELIPCEAN edituralumen@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>p-ISSN:</strong> 2248-1079 |<strong> e-ISSN:</strong> 2601-7008 | <strong>DOI</strong>: 10.18662/upalaw | <strong>Frequency |</strong> 1 issue/year</p> <p><strong>Covered in |</strong> EconPapers, RePEc, CEEOL, ErihPlus, INDEX COPERNICUS, CrossRef, CrossCheck, Google Scholar, WorldCat, KVK, SOCIONET, EBSCO.</p> https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4052 Hardship in the Regulation of the Romanian Civil Cod 2021-03-09T12:40:50+02:00 Dionisie AFLOROAEI dionisie.afloroaei@gmail.com <p><em>The Romanian Civil Code attenuates the principle of binding force of conventions, by regulating contingency, a source of economic imbalance between the services of the parties, which occurs during their execution. The exceptional situation in which the debtor finds himself influences the contractual ensemble, the parties being obliged to renegotiate, in order to adapt the legal relationship to the new circumstances. In the absence of a result, everything will depend on the judge, whose task is is to impose the contractual justice by rightfully dispensing the results of the new factual situation in which the parties find themselves.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4053 Some Considerations Regarding Stock Management by Using Management Accounting Methods 2021-03-09T12:49:11+02:00 Gheorghe FLOREA geluflorea@yahoo.com <p>The aim of the stock management is that of making available the assets that are necessary for an efficient development of the activities with minimum costs. A special role devolves on accountancy, by recording, analyzing and checking the in-out fluxes of the stocks. Their administration comes both to financial accountancy and to the administrative one. But the stock management will acquire a special constancy if the permanent inventory of the stocks is transferred to the administrative accountancy, following that in the financial accountancy to be carried out only the intermittent inventory.</p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4054 The Effect of Exchange Rate Risk on Foreign Trade 2021-03-09T13:01:03+02:00 Petronela MATEESCU petronelamateescu@yahoo.com <p><em>This paper explores the effect of exchange rate volatility on international trade flows of European Union Member States by applying a model of a monthly balance panel between 2002 and 2017.</em></p> <p><em>Starting from a general modified weighted model, we added some control variable to measure the good governance.</em></p> <p><em>After a general analysis of all the European Union countries, we focus on the response of the trade on different partner regions, or various trade goods. By using country fixed effect model, we find that there is an adverse effect of the exchange rate volatility on trade flows for the European Union countries with small differences depending on partner region or the type of the goods trade. </em></p> <p><em>Regarding the Governance Indicators we obtain different results, most of them having negative effect but with different statistically significance.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4055 Research and Innovation in Agriculture 2021-03-09T13:05:20+02:00 Carmen Mariana CODREANU codrcarmen@yahoo.com <p><em>Research and innovation aim to increase the production of crops and animals, increase resistance and adaptation to unsuitable climatic and soil conditions, increase the quality of the resulting products, etc. (biotechnology), integration of socio-economic and cost-benefit analyzes and support of agro-meteorological models.</em></p> <p><em>The bioeconomy aims to improve and increase the sustainable use of renewable resources to align with global and local challenges, such as climate change and sustainable development.</em></p> <p><em>Even if Romania does not have an implemented strategy based on the bioeconomy, however, it is one of the EU member states with an important role in its development, due to the fact that it develops an important potential in agriculture, forestry, fisheries.</em></p> <p><em>Romania must insert the existing value cycles, but also to create new ones that will lead to the realization of high quality products, to the creation of new jobs, higher incomes and, implicitly, to economic growth.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4056 Operation Rosario and the Escalation of the Anglo-Argentinian Conflict in 1982 2021-03-09T13:09:39+02:00 Paul Claudiu COTÎRLEŢ cotirlet_claudiu@yahoo.com <p><em>A small garrison of the British Royal Navy was swallowed up by the superior forces of a much larger nation in just a few hours. This may be the title of a report from the beginning of April 1982. The impact of Operation Rosario on the international arena and the evolution of the conflict was much more complex and had major repercussions on maintaining world peace. Why Argentina chose to invade the Falkland Islands and what caused the "spark" of the conflict to erupt at alarming levels, are questions whose answers you can find in this article. The Battle of Stanley was one of the most unequal armed actions between two states during the 20th century and drew a small group of South Atlantic islands to the attention of the whole world<strong>.</strong></em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4057 Cotroceni Palace Symbol of the Propaganda of the Communist Regime From Romania in the Years 1948 - 1977 2021-03-09T13:14:15+02:00 Ioana DRĂGULIN dragulinioana@yahoo.com <p><em>World War II produced a major shift in global power relations and led to the emergence of bipolarism. The agreements reached by the Allies in Yalta in February 1945 sanctioned the USSR's rule over Eastern Europe. In this context, the takeover of political power and the changes imposed in the economy by the communists in Romania, with the direct help of the USSR was a logical consequence. All the events that took place in Romania between August 23, 1944 and December 31, 1947 were part of the logic of communizing the Romanian society and state on the Soviet model. The communization of Romania followed a path that provided for the invalidation of the liberal, democratic, bourgeois, capitalist model of society and the imposition of another communist, undemocratic, egalitarian, totalitarian model. In order to achieve this goal, measures had been brutally applied to restrict citizens' rights, both politically and in terms of expression or property. In this context, the change of the historical role of the Royal Palace from Cotroceni to the Palace of the Pioneers was part of the propagandistic activity of a totalitarian regime which, in the absence of popular legitimacy, by vote, had to "fabricate" a history to legitimize it in front of the Romanian people.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4058 The IoT (Internet of Things) Impact on Global Development 2021-03-09T13:27:10+02:00 Virgil-Constantin FĂTU fvirgil@yahoo.com Simona STANCU sim-simonel@yahoo.it <p><em>Internet of Things (IoT) IOT is a kind of “universal global neural network” in the cloud which connects various devices. The Internet of Things - IoT is the sum of all the connected devices and systems which are comprised of machine-to-machine interacting and communicating, environments, objects and infrastructures and the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and sensor network technologies will rise to improve our day-to-day life.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4059 The Fight for the Life of a Tourism Company in a Global Competitive War Environment 2021-03-09T13:37:15+02:00 Doina GURIŢĂ doinagurita@yahoo.com <p><em>Lately there is talk of an expansion of some tourist services in most countries. In the developed countries, through the participation of the various economic sectors in the gross national product has brought a profound change in the global competitive environment. It has been observed, from the research carried out that some tourism companies apply as a technique of promotion on the global market the guerilla marketing. Jay Conrad Levinson defines guerrilla marketing as "achieving common goals through unconventional methods" [Robert J. Kaden, 2008]. "Guerrilla fighters" need to know precisely the important motivations and messages that will influence potential customers to become effective customers of the tourism company and existing customers to buy more. That is why it is important to make the locations known to the consumer, the advantages offered by the tourism company has marketing with all its levers.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4060 Direct Marketing Tools a Way to Market Success 2021-03-09T13:41:54+02:00 Doina GURIŢĂ doinagurita@yahoo.com <p>New conceptual developments in the field will have to take into account the developments in the telecommunications and IT sectors, which makes the focus in the future on the ability of direct marketing to create communication channels that stimulate active consumer involvement in the communication process, in perspective, through it, also in the production (provision) and distribution of different products and services. In the first part of this article I talk about the evolution of direct marketing, and in the second part I present ways, direct marketing tools that are paramount today and that lead an organization, a producer to profit. If databases are now the key to the definition of direct marketing, the future will bring interactivity and its effects to the forefront.</p> <p>Starting from the features of direct marketing, captured by the definition given above, some essential questions can be discussed regarding the relationship between direct marketing and the organization's marketing communication, respectively the relationship between direct marketing and the global marketing activity of the organization.</p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4064 Stigmata and the Process of Stigmatization: Coping Strategies and Approaches to Intervention for Destigmatization 2021-03-10T08:10:29+02:00 Simona RODAT simona.rodat@uadventus.ro <p><em>The concept of ‘stigma’ was introduced into the social sciences by sociologist Erving Goffman in his classic monograph “Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity” (1963). Goffman identified various forms of stigmata, both visible and invisible (“hidden”), examined the process of stigmatization in everyday social interactions, and analyzed the consequences of stigmatization on the identity of individuals. Stigmatization describes the process through which actual or potential negative characteristics are ascribed to a person and thus this person is assigned to certain social groups. At the same time, stigmatization involves the association to the person concerned of the prejudices and stereotypes connected to the assigned devaluating characteristic, as well as an underlying, context-dependent process of differentiation, control and discrimination. Stigmatized individuals and groups experience multiple forms of discrimination and are going through different crises. This paper addresses the stigmatization process, the varied types of stigmata, and the coping strategies most commonly used by those who are stigmatized. The paper also highlights the most important approaches and types of intervention that can be used to combat stigmatization and promote destigmatization.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4065 Accounting Practices in the Context of the Crisis Generated by the Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic 2021-03-10T08:19:20+02:00 Gabriela SANDU sandugabriela@yahoo.com <p><em>The imposition of restrictive measures on the development of the exploitation activity, forced the economic entities to reorganize their activity. This led either to the restriction of the activity in close connection with the salary costs, or to look for subsidies from the state or fiscal facilities in order to be able to face the diminution of the activity. In this paper we presented some fiscal and economic solutions offered by companies and how to account for them.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4066 Support Measures for Employees and Employers. Application of the Kurzarbeit Model in Romania 2021-03-10T08:22:50+02:00 Gabriela SANDU sandugabriela@yahoo.com <p><em>In this article we discuss the possibilities of employers affected by the SARS-VOC-2 pandemic to cope with the restrictions imposed, not to reduce staff. There is the problem of the state bearing part of the wage costs, in order to avoid rising unemployment and consolidating the labor market. This article is useful for all employers in the private sector.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4067 With Regard to the Price Differences Registrated in Finite Products and Agricultural Products 2021-03-10T08:27:19+02:00 Florin Ioan SCORȚESCU florisscortescu@gmail.com Gheorghe SCORȚESCU scortescugheorghe@gmail.com <p><em>According to the predetermined or standard price/cost method, stocks of finished products or agricultural products are recorded in the accounts at the predetermined (standard) price, also called the registration price, highlighting separately (distinctly) the price differences (plus or minus) from the actual cost of production of these goods. The standard price used for their accounting should be reviewed regularly and adjusted in the light of price developments. The distribution of price differences on finished products or agricultural products out of management shall be carried out with the support of a coefficient (k). This indicator (k) is multiplied by the price of these goods coming out of the company's management at the predetermined price (usually by sale), and the resulting value is shown in the corresponding accounts where such stocks that have come out of the patrimony have been shown.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4068 Considerations Relating to Specific Inherent Risk and Control Risk 2021-03-10T08:30:28+02:00 Florin Ioan SCORȚESCU florisscortescu@gmail.com <p><em>Audit risk (Ra)</em> occurs if financial statements belonging to the firm are majorly distorted, in which case an auditor may give a defective opinion on them. This risk depends on the <em>risk of significant distortion (Rds)</em> and on the <em>risk of detection (Rd)</em>. The risk of significant distortion (Rds) takes into account the inherent risk (Ri) and the control risk (Rc). The balance of an account or more transactions may have majorly distorted values, with these falling within the scope of the inherent risk. It is in turn structured in <em>general risk</em> and <em>specific risk</em>. The concept of specific risk is apparent from aspects which take into account the practice previously acquired by the auditor and the way in which the auditor is aware of the audit areas. Assessment of the specific inherent risk and control risk shall be carried out in the following.</p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4069 Features of Execution and Financing Housing Construction in Romania 2021-03-10T08:34:15+02:00 Radu TAŞCĂ radu.tasca@gmail.com <p><em>The execution of housing constructions is carried out on the basis of a preliminary, orderly thinking, on the concrete ways of realization, by concentrating the human and material forces, resorting in this sense to a multitude of technical solutions (Taşcă, 2012).</em></p> <p><em>All the activities, actions and natural process that take place for the organized, led and carried out transformation of people, of the objects of work with the help of means of labor after obtaining “some products specific to the construction activity: new constructions, current and capital repairs, consolidations, modernizations, construction services, etc.</em></p> <p><em>The minimum requirements for housing provide that it consists of rest area, space for food processing, bathroom, access to electricity and drinking water, controlled discharge of wastewater and household waste (Şerbănoiu, 2009).</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4070 Conceptual Approaches Regarding the Performance of the Local Public Administration 2021-03-10T08:39:50+02:00 Alina TERENTI terentialina33@gmail.com <p><em>Performance analysis at local public administrative level specific to the key tool through which the well-being of the citizens of a community can be achieved. The correct identification of the working directions of the local authorities will generate added value for the administrative-territorial unit. The aim of the paper is to analyze from a theoretical perspective the performance management of local public administration. The importance of the subject is highlighted in ensuring quality, sustainable and sustainable services at the community level, and this can only be valid if the basic indicators in the analysis of local performance are known.</em></p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4071 Ofelimità and Its Impact in Economy and Society 2021-03-10T08:43:02+02:00 Alexandru TRIFU trifu.alex@gmail.com <p>The concept was introduced by Vilfredo F. D. Pareto, a leading representative of the Lausanne School of Economic thought. Ophelimity comes from Greek, meaning something useful, advantageous for people. And in these challenging and bad days, it is a good landmark to refer to.</p> <p>The term is the expression of the ordinal preference-ranking indicator of the utility. That is, the setting of preferences in a certain order and the purchase of the goods/services depending on the intensity and urgency of the needs, now and on short-run.</p> <p>Therefore, using a survey of the literature in the field, we can deduce the tendencies of the human life and social-economic activities on short-run and, even, on medium-run, altogether with the elements of the Maslow Hierarchy Needs.</p> <p>The term utility of goods and services, even ophelimity is necessary towards regaining the basic needs of people and the re-birth of economies and of social life.</p> 2020-12-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House