Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw <p><strong>p-ISSN:</strong> 2248-1079 |<strong> e-ISSN:</strong> 2601-7008 | <strong>DOI</strong>: 10.18662/upalaw | <strong>Frequency |</strong> 1 issue/year</p> <p><strong>Covered in |</strong> EconPapers, RePEc, CEEOL, ErihPlus, INDEX COPERNICUS, CrossRef, CrossCheck, Google Scholar, WorldCat, KVK, SOCIONET, EBSCO.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p><ul><li>Authors retain copyright and grant <strong>this journal </strong>right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a title="Creative Commons" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in <strong>this journal</strong><em>.</em></li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (<a title="The Effect of Open Access" href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_blank">See The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ul> edituralumen@gmail.com (Teodora PRELIPCEAN) edituralumen@gmail.com (Roxana STRATULAT) Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 2.4.8.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Hardship in the Regulation of the Romanian Civil Cod https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4052 <p><em>The Romanian Civil Code attenuates the principle of binding force of conventions, by regulating contingency, a source of economic imbalance between the services of the parties, which occurs during their execution. The exceptional situation in which the debtor finds himself influences the contractual ensemble, the parties being obliged to renegotiate, in order to adapt the legal relationship to the new circumstances. In the absence of a result, everything will depend on the judge, whose task is is to impose the contractual justice by rightfully dispensing the results of the new factual situation in which the parties find themselves.</em></p> Dionisie AFLOROAEI Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4052 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Some Considerations Regarding Stock Management by Using Management Accounting Methods https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4053 <p>The aim of the stock management is that of making available the assets that are necessary for an efficient development of the activities with minimum costs. A special role devolves on accountancy, by recording, analyzing and checking the in-out fluxes of the stocks. Their administration comes both to financial accountancy and to the administrative one. But the stock management will acquire a special constancy if the permanent inventory of the stocks is transferred to the administrative accountancy, following that in the financial accountancy to be carried out only the intermittent inventory.</p> Gheorghe FLOREA Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4053 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Effect of Exchange Rate Risk on Foreign Trade https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4054 <p><em>This paper explores the effect of exchange rate volatility on international trade flows of European Union Member States by applying a model of a monthly balance panel between 2002 and 2017.</em></p> <p><em>Starting from a general modified weighted model, we added some control variable to measure the good governance.</em></p> <p><em>After a general analysis of all the European Union countries, we focus on the response of the trade on different partner regions, or various trade goods. By using country fixed effect model, we find that there is an adverse effect of the exchange rate volatility on trade flows for the European Union countries with small differences depending on partner region or the type of the goods trade. </em></p> <p><em>Regarding the Governance Indicators we obtain different results, most of them having negative effect but with different statistically significance.</em></p> Petronela MATEESCU Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4054 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Research and Innovation in Agriculture https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4055 <p><em>Research and innovation aim to increase the production of crops and animals, increase resistance and adaptation to unsuitable climatic and soil conditions, increase the quality of the resulting products, etc. (biotechnology), integration of socio-economic and cost-benefit analyzes and support of agro-meteorological models.</em></p> <p><em>The bioeconomy aims to improve and increase the sustainable use of renewable resources to align with global and local challenges, such as climate change and sustainable development.</em></p> <p><em>Even if Romania does not have an implemented strategy based on the bioeconomy, however, it is one of the EU member states with an important role in its development, due to the fact that it develops an important potential in agriculture, forestry, fisheries.</em></p> <p><em>Romania must insert the existing value cycles, but also to create new ones that will lead to the realization of high quality products, to the creation of new jobs, higher incomes and, implicitly, to economic growth.</em></p> Carmen Mariana CODREANU Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4055 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Operation Rosario and the Escalation of the Anglo-Argentinian Conflict in 1982 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4056 <p><em>A small garrison of the British Royal Navy was swallowed up by the superior forces of a much larger nation in just a few hours. This may be the title of a report from the beginning of April 1982. The impact of Operation Rosario on the international arena and the evolution of the conflict was much more complex and had major repercussions on maintaining world peace. Why Argentina chose to invade the Falkland Islands and what caused the "spark" of the conflict to erupt at alarming levels, are questions whose answers you can find in this article. The Battle of Stanley was one of the most unequal armed actions between two states during the 20th century and drew a small group of South Atlantic islands to the attention of the whole world<strong>.</strong></em></p> Paul Claudiu COTÎRLEŢ Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4056 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Cotroceni Palace Symbol of the Propaganda of the Communist Regime From Romania in the Years 1948 - 1977 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4057 <p><em>World War II produced a major shift in global power relations and led to the emergence of bipolarism. The agreements reached by the Allies in Yalta in February 1945 sanctioned the USSR's rule over Eastern Europe. In this context, the takeover of political power and the changes imposed in the economy by the communists in Romania, with the direct help of the USSR was a logical consequence. All the events that took place in Romania between August 23, 1944 and December 31, 1947 were part of the logic of communizing the Romanian society and state on the Soviet model. The communization of Romania followed a path that provided for the invalidation of the liberal, democratic, bourgeois, capitalist model of society and the imposition of another communist, undemocratic, egalitarian, totalitarian model. In order to achieve this goal, measures had been brutally applied to restrict citizens' rights, both politically and in terms of expression or property. In this context, the change of the historical role of the Royal Palace from Cotroceni to the Palace of the Pioneers was part of the propagandistic activity of a totalitarian regime which, in the absence of popular legitimacy, by vote, had to "fabricate" a history to legitimize it in front of the Romanian people.</em></p> Ioana DRĂGULIN Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4057 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The IoT (Internet of Things) Impact on Global Development https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4058 <p><em>Internet of Things (IoT) IOT is a kind of “universal global neural network” in the cloud which connects various devices. The Internet of Things - IoT is the sum of all the connected devices and systems which are comprised of machine-to-machine interacting and communicating, environments, objects and infrastructures and the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and sensor network technologies will rise to improve our day-to-day life.</em></p> Virgil-Constantin FĂTU, Simona STANCU Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4058 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Fight for the Life of a Tourism Company in a Global Competitive War Environment https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4059 <p><em>Lately there is talk of an expansion of some tourist services in most countries. In the developed countries, through the participation of the various economic sectors in the gross national product has brought a profound change in the global competitive environment. It has been observed, from the research carried out that some tourism companies apply as a technique of promotion on the global market the guerilla marketing. Jay Conrad Levinson defines guerrilla marketing as "achieving common goals through unconventional methods" [Robert J. Kaden, 2008]. "Guerrilla fighters" need to know precisely the important motivations and messages that will influence potential customers to become effective customers of the tourism company and existing customers to buy more. That is why it is important to make the locations known to the consumer, the advantages offered by the tourism company has marketing with all its levers.</em></p> Doina GURIŢĂ Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4059 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Direct Marketing Tools a Way to Market Success https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4060 <p>New conceptual developments in the field will have to take into account the developments in the telecommunications and IT sectors, which makes the focus in the future on the ability of direct marketing to create communication channels that stimulate active consumer involvement in the communication process, in perspective, through it, also in the production (provision) and distribution of different products and services. In the first part of this article I talk about the evolution of direct marketing, and in the second part I present ways, direct marketing tools that are paramount today and that lead an organization, a producer to profit. If databases are now the key to the definition of direct marketing, the future will bring interactivity and its effects to the forefront.</p> <p>Starting from the features of direct marketing, captured by the definition given above, some essential questions can be discussed regarding the relationship between direct marketing and the organization's marketing communication, respectively the relationship between direct marketing and the global marketing activity of the organization.</p> Doina GURIŢĂ Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4060 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Stigmata and the Process of Stigmatization: Coping Strategies and Approaches to Intervention for Destigmatization https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4064 <p><em>The concept of ‘stigma’ was introduced into the social sciences by sociologist Erving Goffman in his classic monograph “Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity” (1963). Goffman identified various forms of stigmata, both visible and invisible (“hidden”), examined the process of stigmatization in everyday social interactions, and analyzed the consequences of stigmatization on the identity of individuals. Stigmatization describes the process through which actual or potential negative characteristics are ascribed to a person and thus this person is assigned to certain social groups. At the same time, stigmatization involves the association to the person concerned of the prejudices and stereotypes connected to the assigned devaluating characteristic, as well as an underlying, context-dependent process of differentiation, control and discrimination. Stigmatized individuals and groups experience multiple forms of discrimination and are going through different crises. This paper addresses the stigmatization process, the varied types of stigmata, and the coping strategies most commonly used by those who are stigmatized. The paper also highlights the most important approaches and types of intervention that can be used to combat stigmatization and promote destigmatization.</em></p> Simona RODAT Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4064 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Accounting Practices in the Context of the Crisis Generated by the Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4065 <p><em>The imposition of restrictive measures on the development of the exploitation activity, forced the economic entities to reorganize their activity. This led either to the restriction of the activity in close connection with the salary costs, or to look for subsidies from the state or fiscal facilities in order to be able to face the diminution of the activity. In this paper we presented some fiscal and economic solutions offered by companies and how to account for them.</em></p> Gabriela SANDU Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4065 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Support Measures for Employees and Employers. Application of the Kurzarbeit Model in Romania https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4066 <p><em>In this article we discuss the possibilities of employers affected by the SARS-VOC-2 pandemic to cope with the restrictions imposed, not to reduce staff. There is the problem of the state bearing part of the wage costs, in order to avoid rising unemployment and consolidating the labor market. This article is useful for all employers in the private sector.</em></p> Gabriela SANDU Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4066 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 With Regard to the Price Differences Registrated in Finite Products and Agricultural Products https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4067 <p><em>According to the predetermined or standard price/cost method, stocks of finished products or agricultural products are recorded in the accounts at the predetermined (standard) price, also called the registration price, highlighting separately (distinctly) the price differences (plus or minus) from the actual cost of production of these goods. The standard price used for their accounting should be reviewed regularly and adjusted in the light of price developments. The distribution of price differences on finished products or agricultural products out of management shall be carried out with the support of a coefficient (k). This indicator (k) is multiplied by the price of these goods coming out of the company's management at the predetermined price (usually by sale), and the resulting value is shown in the corresponding accounts where such stocks that have come out of the patrimony have been shown.</em></p> Florin Ioan SCORȚESCU, Gheorghe SCORȚESCU Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4067 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Considerations Relating to Specific Inherent Risk and Control Risk https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4068 <p><em>Audit risk (Ra)</em> occurs if financial statements belonging to the firm are majorly distorted, in which case an auditor may give a defective opinion on them. This risk depends on the <em>risk of significant distortion (Rds)</em> and on the <em>risk of detection (Rd)</em>. The risk of significant distortion (Rds) takes into account the inherent risk (Ri) and the control risk (Rc). The balance of an account or more transactions may have majorly distorted values, with these falling within the scope of the inherent risk. It is in turn structured in <em>general risk</em> and <em>specific risk</em>. The concept of specific risk is apparent from aspects which take into account the practice previously acquired by the auditor and the way in which the auditor is aware of the audit areas. Assessment of the specific inherent risk and control risk shall be carried out in the following.</p> Florin Ioan SCORȚESCU Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4068 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Features of Execution and Financing Housing Construction in Romania https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4069 <p><em>The execution of housing constructions is carried out on the basis of a preliminary, orderly thinking, on the concrete ways of realization, by concentrating the human and material forces, resorting in this sense to a multitude of technical solutions (Taşcă, 2012).</em></p> <p><em>All the activities, actions and natural process that take place for the organized, led and carried out transformation of people, of the objects of work with the help of means of labor after obtaining “some products specific to the construction activity: new constructions, current and capital repairs, consolidations, modernizations, construction services, etc.</em></p> <p><em>The minimum requirements for housing provide that it consists of rest area, space for food processing, bathroom, access to electricity and drinking water, controlled discharge of wastewater and household waste (Şerbănoiu, 2009).</em></p> Radu TAŞCĂ Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4069 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Conceptual Approaches Regarding the Performance of the Local Public Administration https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4070 <p><em>Performance analysis at local public administrative level specific to the key tool through which the well-being of the citizens of a community can be achieved. The correct identification of the working directions of the local authorities will generate added value for the administrative-territorial unit. The aim of the paper is to analyze from a theoretical perspective the performance management of local public administration. The importance of the subject is highlighted in ensuring quality, sustainable and sustainable services at the community level, and this can only be valid if the basic indicators in the analysis of local performance are known.</em></p> Alina TERENTI Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4070 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Ofelimità and Its Impact in Economy and Society https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4071 <p>The concept was introduced by Vilfredo F. D. Pareto, a leading representative of the Lausanne School of Economic thought. Ophelimity comes from Greek, meaning something useful, advantageous for people. And in these challenging and bad days, it is a good landmark to refer to.</p> <p>The term is the expression of the ordinal preference-ranking indicator of the utility. That is, the setting of preferences in a certain order and the purchase of the goods/services depending on the intensity and urgency of the needs, now and on short-run.</p> <p>Therefore, using a survey of the literature in the field, we can deduce the tendencies of the human life and social-economic activities on short-run and, even, on medium-run, altogether with the elements of the Maslow Hierarchy Needs.</p> <p>The term utility of goods and services, even ophelimity is necessary towards regaining the basic needs of people and the re-birth of economies and of social life.</p> Alexandru TRIFU Copyright (c) 2020 Anuarul Universitatii "Petre Andrei" din Iasi - Fascicula: Drept, Stiinte Economice, Stiinte Politice & LUMEN Publishing House https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/upa-sw/article/view/4071 Mon, 21 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200