LUMEN-Proceedings_Cover_ICSED_2017Proceedings Volume:  15th Edition of the International Conference on Sciences of Education, Studies and Current Trends in Science of Education, ICSED 2017, 9-10 June 2017, Suceava (Romania)

Edited by: Otilia CLIPA
Published by: © LUMEN, 2018, Iasi, Romania & London, UK

ISSN (print): 2601 – 2510
ISSN (on-line): 2601 – 2529
ISSN–L: 2601 – 2510
ISBN: 978-1-910129-14-2

Published in March 2018

Conference title: 15th Edition of the International Conference on Sciences of Education, Studies and Current Trends in Science of Education, ICSED 2017, 9-10 June 2017, Suceava (Romania)
Dates: June 9-10th, 2017
Location: Suceava, Romania

Indexed by: CEEOL, RePEc, Econ Papers, submitted for evaluation to Clarivate Analytics – Web of Sciences

Table of Contents

ICSED2017 – table of contents 

1. The Management of the Class of Students – Ways of Intervention in Situations of Educational Crisis | View PDF
Author(s): Greta AIRINEI
Pages: 7-14


The issue of teacher-student relationship is at the heart of all debate on the success of the school, the child’s personality development, supporting the education of the family, social adaptation, professional insertion and thus prestige education unit. Management behaviourof the teacher should be in concordance with what the teacher’s role is, in concordance with the request of the family and of the other stakeholders of the society in order to ensure the effectiveness of pedagogical actions. In order to implement the best strategies, the didactic personal must study the class of students in from academic and psychosocial perspective. This article seeks to identify the regulatory dimension at the level of the class and school, to identify the intervention procedures, the types of relations and of educational interactions, the way that the teacher’spersonality influences those actions, as well as managerial roles and their impacts in different educational contexts.The instruments used in the research were: case studies, systematic observation, questioning the family members and the students, the study of the documents and of the procedures on the issue of educational crisis in primary and secondary school level.

Keywords: social group, leading, affective climate, influence, trust. 

2. Optimization, Communication and Relationship in Teaching Process | View PDF
Author(s): Oana ATOMEI
Pages: 15-24


Communication is the core activity of the teacher-students, students-students groups. The teaching process requires the involvement of these socio-educational actors and continuous interaction between them. While the teacher provides information, the student builds his message on the basis of the information received, which, in part, will be returned to the teacher. In the teaching process, the student should provide feedback to the teacher to demonstrate that the message has been clearly perceived and understood and that communication purpose has been reached. In turn, the teacher should provide feedback to the student to show him that he answered according to the expectations, the answer was specific and not general. In schools, students are in a permanent process of interaction, relationship with other students or teaching staff. As a result, new situations that arise through ignorance, lack of communication or an inadequate approach can lead to an installation of complex (inferiority or superiority), inhibitions etc., that hamper the development of a harmonious, balanced and assertive personality. One can overcome the internal obstacles (emotion, misperception, global approaches, stereotypes, lack of basic knowledge) through an efficient relationship in the teaching process which emphasises teacher’s permanent adaptation to a situation or context which has to be known and controlled for an efficient educational process.

Keywords: communication, education, teacher-student relationship. 

3. The Role, Importance and Equipment of Nutrition Laboratory in School | View PDF
Author(s): Oana ATOMEI
Pages: 25-30


In the Romanian school healthy eating is promoted in optional classes, counseling classes and educational projects. Therefore, it is useful to have a space for nutrition education (preventive nutrition) classes. Nutrition laboratory becomes a place where not only healthy eating is promoted, but also, through creative and fun culinary activities, it provides students the opportunity to learn about proper food preparation, food safety, servings, and correct association of food in menus. Nutrition education classes may take place in any classroom, but if the activities take place in a specially arranged and properly equipped classroom, the impact on students will be higher. Gastronomy laboratory in some technology high schools can form the basis of nutrition laboratory. The improvement consists in a proper classroom arrangement, in addition to special designed space for food preparation (kitchen). Its organization is based on the level of education (primary, secondary) and according to the proposed theme areas: basics of nutrition, food safety etc. Food questionnaires and food diaries, approved height and weight scales, 2000 CDC growth charts, dietary guidelines and food labels, kitchen scales, recipes, menus and diets, tables for recommended number of servings, tables for daily needs of fluids, calories and nutrients, tables for nutrition fact of foods, and lists of educational resources become useful tools in assessing nutritional status and in promoting healthy eating.

Keywords: laboratory, nutrition, nutrition education.

4. A Comparative Analysis of the Moodle and Edx Educational Platforms from a Tutor-Student Perspective | View PDF
Author(s): Mihai BÎZOI, Ana-Maria SUDUC, Laura-Monica GORGHIU
Pages: 31-37


Traditional eLearning platforms are teacher centred and do not allow open and free access to education. To follow a course on a traditional platform the students must have a certain profile (knowledge background) and, at the end, they obtain new knowledge / abilities / competences. In 2011-2012 have been developed the first MOOC (Massive Open Online Courses) platforms with the aim to vastly increase access to education. The MOOC platforms have some differences compared to traditional eLearning platforms: the number of students in a course can be very high (tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands), the role of the tutor is less significant, the learning assessment is based on surveys and peer assessments and courses may be enriched with multimedia and hypermedia materials. Among MOOC platforms, open edX is a very popular platform developed by a consortium of universities from USA. Due to the fact, this platform can be installed for free, it is under continuous development, scalable and well documented, it has been chosen for many educational projects. This paper presents a comparative analysis between a traditional learning platform (Moodle) and a MOOC platform (open edX) taking into consideration the data achieved in four educational projects.

Keywords: Educational platforms, Massive Open Online Courses, Moodle, open edX.

5. The Role of Active-Participative Methods in the Teaching and Learning of Morphology in Primary School | View PDF
Author(s): Cristina Loredana BLOJU
Pages: 38-46


Traditional eLearning platforms are teacher centred and do not allow open and free access to education. To follow a course on a traditional platform the students must have a certain profile (knowledge background) and, at the end, they obtain new knowledge / abilities / competences. In 2011-2012 have been developed the first MOOC (Massive Open Online Courses) platforms with the aim to vastly increase access to education. The MOOC platforms have some differences compared to traditional eLearning platforms: the number of students in a course can be very high (tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands), the role of the tutor is less significant, the learning assessment is based on surveys and peer assessments and courses may be enriched with multimedia and hypermedia materials. Among MOOC platforms, open edX is a very popular platform developed by a consortium of universities from USA. Due to the fact, this platform can be installed for free, it is under continuous development, scalable and well documented, it has been chosen for many educational projects. This paper presents a comparative analysis between a traditional learning platform (Moodle) and a MOOC platform (open edX) taking into consideration the data achieved in four educational projects.

Keywords: active-participative methods, morphology, primary education.

6. Educational Potential of Ukrainian Children’s Literature of Canada | View PDF
Author(s): Antonina BOHDANYUK
Pages: 47-58


The lack of a comprehensive research of the educational potential of art works of the Ukrainian-Canadian children’s writers preconditioned the topicality of the research. The purpose of the study is, basing on a holistic analysis of the development of the Ukrainian-Canadian educational thought in the second half of the twentieth century, to clarify its role in shaping the educational potential of the Ukrainian children’s literature in Canada. Methods of the investigation include: analysis of the domestic and foreign scientific and fiction literature on the studied problem; classification and generalization of archival sources; comparison and historical-genetic analysis of the preconditions of the origin and development of the Ukrainian educational thought and children’s literature in Canada; personalistic and biographical, thematic-ideological and socio-pedagogical analysis of literary works of the Ukrainian writers of Canada; theoretical generalization of the research results and drawing conclusions. The article deals with the activity of ULWCY (Ukrainian Literature Workers for Children and Youth). It reflects literary work of the Ukrainian-Canadian writers, in a civilized manner-elucidative activity and education of rising generations of Canadian Ukrainians. Scientific novelty of the results lies in the fact that little-known works of Ukrainian teachers and literature scholars of Canada in the second half of the twentieth century were introduced into the scientific use for the first time. The practical complement to the theoretical study was a published textbook “Pearls of creativity: Ukrainian children literature of the Ukrainians from abroad”, which contains biographies and works of the Ukrainian diaspora writers.

Keywords: educational potential, Ukrainian children’s literature of Canada, national education, moral education, religious-spiritual education.

7. The Didactics of the Curricular Area of Language and Communication: a Model For a Transdisciplinary Approach | View PDF
Author(s): Ioana BOGHIAN
Pages: 59-68


The need to transgress the borders of more or less related disciplines has emerged since the 1970s when the term ‘transdisciplinarity’ began to be used by researchers such as Jean Piaget (1972), Edgar Morin (1997) and Eric Jantsch (1972). A relevant contribution to the definition of the concept of trandisciplinarity belongs to the Romanian-French researcher Basarab Nicolescu (1999). We shall approach the concept of transdisciplinarity in relation to the didactics of the disciplines from the curricular area of Language and Communication, namely the teaching of the Romanian language (as mother tongue), and the English and French languages (as second, respectively third languages), in the Romanian pre-university educational system. Our aim is to propose a model for a transdisciplinary approach to teaching the Romanian, English and French languages so that these disciplines may become more appealing to students. The model will relate not only to the competences characteristic of each discipline, but also to the transversal competences established in compliance with the EU regulations. We shall focus on teaching-learning-evaluation methods that promote transdisciplinarity among these three disciplines.

Keywords: transdisciplinarity, curricular area, language, communication, didactics.

8. Parenting Style of Emotions Socialization. Theoretic Models and Measurement Instruments | View PDF
Author(s): Liliana BUJOR
Pages: 69-76


One of the most important social contexts in which the meaningful emotional experiences of a child are built is family. The parent’s responses at the child’s emotions, the family’s emotional climate and the inter-parental relationships are the main factors identified by the theory and practice regarding the emotions socialization within family context (Fosco & Grycg, 2012).Direct emotions socialization is done by parents’ reactions at the children emotions. These supportive or non-supportive reactions, become transferable into the child’s emotional life who, afterwards, manifests them behavioural in relation to itself and the others, depending on the emotional impact of the situations he confronts with. The sensitive, supportive and receptive parents’ reactions to the child’s emotional experiences creates an adequate context for learning the adjustment emotional control skills and the emotional response. Although the subject of emotions socialization presents importance and is relevant in many fields of psychology, there are little studies which examined the specific negative and positive emotions socialization (e.g. fear, fury, happiness), separately by mother and father (Root & Denham, 2010). The present paper synthesizes a series of theoretical models for emotions socialization in family context and present a quantification instrument which operationalizes the mother’s respectively the father’s answers to the internalizing and externalizing emotions of the child.

Keywords: emotions socialization, emotional answer, emotional consequences.

9. Integrating Food Education in Everyday Life of Young People | View PDF
Author(s): Claudia Lavinia BURULEANU, Laura Monica GORGHIU, Gabriel GORGHIU
Pages: 77-86


Nutrition and food education measuresshould be applied starting from early education, in order to encourage and to sustain the adoption of healthy and sustainable diets, which will materialize in the citizens’ quality of life and society welfare. These measures should primarily be targeted at students both during the formal and informal activities. Theoretical aspects learned in the framework of the lessons in classrooms can be well integrated in practical educational approaches, based on meaningful experiences, which increases overall effectiveness.Science snacks laboratories and Cooking laboratories were proposed to the primary and secondary level students, in close cooperation with the higher education students, with the aim to: achieve practical skills; better understand what means ‘’nutrients’’ and how they influence the people life; urge them to think every day life on their dietary choices; better understand the messages of the label related to a certain food; sustain the transgenerational education and improve the communication and the networks creation among the young people; give the first information concerning the entrepreneurship in food production as viable solution for the family prosperity in economical and work satisfaction terms; to draw them near to a career in science and technique.The production of food was the response of the Needs Analysis, being a request of the students from all the six countries of the EduforHealth partnership. The young people enthusiasm and the knowledge acquired were to a great extent, encouraging the teachers to sustain the increasing of the number of practical activities in school education.The particular case of implementation in Romania is described below.

Keywords:  Food, nutrition, Health Education, EduforHealth project.

10. The Nature of Sociotherapeutic Influence at the St. Anna’s Brotherhood in Staszow (Poland) | View PDF
Author(s): Slawomir CHROST
Pages: 87-99


Nowadays, the situation of some Polish families is very difficult. Poverty, unemployment, all sorts of addictions, violence, no future perspectives, lack of appropriate role models and help penetrate each other becoming the cause and effect of pathological behaviors. Children – usually innocent and helpless – consequently become the victims of social isolation.The institution supporting families in those situations is the St. Anna’s Brotherhood in Staszow (Poland). The paper presents the main objectives of the fraternity, programs and daily work (a set of caring, upbringing and therapeutic actions; an example of sociotherapeutic classes held at St. Anna’s Brotherhood).

Keywords:  socialization of children, social integration, St. Anna’s Brotherhood.

11. Non-formal and Informal Education Activities in Teaching Romanian as a Foreign Language | View PDF
Author(s): Ileana Silvia CIORNEI
Pages: 100-106


Education is defined as an institutional organized activity with educational finalities having three fundamental forms: formal, non-formal and informal education. Formal education is a structured activity whose explicit purpose is teaching students in a school environment. Non-formal learning is a  planned activity, with learning objectives and different duration which does not follow a curriculum or lead to certification. Informal learning is defined as learning resulting from daily life activities related to work, family or leisure, not organized in terms of objectives, time and learning support,  in most cases unintentional from the learner’s perspective. Communication in foreign languages also is related to key competences such as competence in foreign languages, social and civic competences and cultural awareness and expression. It is very important for learners who study a foreign language to experience real communicative situations in order to develop their language proficiency. Non-formal and informal education activities create the opportunities for the international students who learn Romanian to interact in ways that allow developing knowledge and skills. The activities organized with the international students develop in many directions- Christmas and Easter events, meetings with Romanian students, The International Student’s Day, the Scientific Conference and extra mural activities. We may affirm that these types of educational activities play an important role in the learning of Romanian language by the students in the Preparatory year. Despite certain disadvantages, they help to develop social relationships, to improve cross-cultural and language skills and contribute to personal fulfillment and future social inclusion in the Romanian society.

Keywords:  non-formal education, informal education, teaching, linguistic competences, intercultural communication.

12. Communication Skill Formation at Mentally Disabled Children | View PDF
Author(s): Margareta CIRLIGEANU
Pages: 107-112


Communicative skill formation at mentally disable students becomes possible to be achieved be teaching/learning/assessment of disciplines and solicits on one hand, formation of capacities, skills, habits, abilities, attitudes at didactic process level, and on the other side, developing the relational behaviours, in this way, students’ integration in a modern society. From this perspective the communication skill formation at mentally disabled students that have become an objective of theoretical and praxiologic studies, the actuality of the research being confirmed by the necessity of components specification and elaboration of a methodological step of didactic communicative skill formation. The main approached directions in the research from the didactic communication domain in general, of communication skills at mentally disabled students especially, target the communicative behaviour formation by diverse strategies of educational interaction. This situation generates the research problem that consists in identification the components of communication skill in the context of modern educational concept of the pre-university education reform and of theoretical-experimental markers of communicative skill formation in the didactic communication skill.Among the main objectives of research we enumerate: determining the theoretical markers of didactic communication skill concept; elaboration of communication skill model at mentally disabled students and the formation aims for the communication skill; elaboration of curricular step of didactic communication skill formation at mentally disabled students. The research methodology will include pedagogical methods (scientific documentation, observation, sounding, mentally disabled students’ products from their activities, comparison, observation charts).

Keywords:  communication, skill, students with mental disabilities.

13. The Importance of School-Family-Students with Mental Disabilities Partnership | View PDF
Author(s): Margareta CIRLIGEANU
Pages: 113-119


From the human rights perspective, the problem of educational and social integration at students with any type of deficiency is considered essential for the promotion in the entire educational system, in school, in lesson, of democratic principle of equality of chances. Therefore, educational integration of students with mental disabilities becomes one of the most actual psycho-pedagogical and social problems being in the specialists’ objectives. That’s why, for the success of school participation it is important the family commitment and responsibility in children’s education, especially at students with mental disabilities, where the parents’ degree of interest and collaboration with school is the most often directly proportional with the school results obtained by their children. In order to communicate and collaborate efficiently, students and parents base themselves on some elements: respect (mutual), which can be often modelled by the teaching staff; it is important to start from the premises that parents are the most important teachers in their child’s life; impartial attitude, that solicits positive thinking and open to families, avoidance of evaluative and disapproving judgements; empathy towards parent attitude, can be easily observed by this one by opening to dialogue and sincere, sensitive communication. The purpose of the research is constituted by the scientific assessment of families’ involvement in amelioration of education of students with mental disabilities, and the methodology of scientific research is determined by the object specificity and research purpose: scientific documentation, official documents analysis; comparison, observation, data collection.

Keywords:  partnership, school, family, mental disabilities.

14. Teacher Stress and Coping Strategies  | View PDF
Author(s): Otilia CLIPA
Pages: 120-128


The article wants to describe the perceived stressors for teacher from Romania and the appropriate modalities for reducing this professional stress. We try to investigate the perceptions of teacher upon the evaluation as a stress factor and the solutions for this stress. For this study we apply a questionnaire which was administrated to 120 teachers from Suceava County. The research showed that Romanian teachers experience high levels of stress, almost half of them being tempted to give up this profession. The most used coping actions reported were the positive ones, such as enjoyable activities. Final finding is that increasing qualified personnel, creating a positive organizational climate and communicate results of evaluation process.

Keywords:  teacher, stress, coping strategies, evaluate. 

15. Relation between Self-efficacy, Emotional Intelligence, Stress and Academic Performances  |  View PDF
Author(s): Aurora Adina COLOMEISCHI, Daniela – Dumitrita CARSTIUC
Pages: 129-138


The aim of this research is to see if there is a relation between self-efficacy, emotional intelligence, stress and academic performances. The sample comprises 98 students, both from urban and rural area, with average age between 19 and 32 years old. The instruments used in this study are three questionnaires for evaluation the self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and stress. The results show that there is a strong correlation between self-efficacy and emotional intelligence and higher self-efficacy was linked to lower stress level. There is no significant correlation between self-efficacy and academic performances.

Keywords:  self-efficacy, emotional intelligence, stress, academic performances.

16. Teachers’ Life Satisfaction and Wellbeing: Engagement Influences  |  View PDF
Author(s): Aurora Adina COLOMEISCHI
Pages: 139-150


The European reports indicated lately a decrease of professionalism of teachers, but in the same time the key role of this professional category is emphasized. High quality of education services depends on the quality of teachers’ practices. This quality depends on the personal life of teacher too. The topic of teachers` wellbeing is less explored on Romanian population and in the same time is less seen as an important one by the people in charge; that is why we consider to pursue a study in order to bring out to public attention the need of nurturing teachers, as well.The present study figures out a general image of Romanian teachers’ wellbeing, taking into account factors which could influence it, and which could counteract the burnout.The purpose of the study is to evaluate the engagement, life satisfaction and wellbeing of Romanian teachers. The study also intends to find out the level of burnout experienced by Romanian teachers and thus to identify coping mechanisms. The hypothesis of engagement and emotional intelligence as moderator variables between burnout and wellbeing was tested.The basic framework for the study look at evidence relating to some elements that have been considered to be influences on wellbeing: gender, environment, experience, professional expertise, personal status, emotional intelligence, engagement, life satisfaction.The cross-sectional study involved 385 Romanian teachers. The instruments used were scales and questionnaires for measuring engagement, emotional intelligence (The Schutte Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test), burnout (Maslach Scale) and wellbeing (The Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being).The results draw implications for intervention of promoting teachers` wellbeing.

Keywords:  teachers’ wellbeing, life satisfaction, burnout, engagement.

17. The Couple’s Congruence of Child’s Illness Perception and the Quality of Marital Relationship |  View PDF
Author(s): Diana Sinziana DUCA, Maria Nicoleta TURLIUC, Daniela MUNTELE HENDRES
Pages: 151-167


The spouses’ congruence regarding perceptions about the disease was usually analyzed in the context of intimate partner physical illness and the results showed that couple’s congruence of disease perception positively correlated with patients’ quality of life, adjustment to illness, and relationship satisfaction. In the same time, some studies consider that a strong perception on the child’s illness causes psychological distress. The study aims to test whether couple’ congruence regarding child’s illness perception has an influence on the quality of marital relationship, operationalized by couple satisfaction, parental stress, dyadic coping and resilience family. This research involved 106 parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (53 of maried couples). The results show a significant effect of couple’ congruence of child’s illness perceptions on marital satisfaction F (2.103) = 3.61, p = .03, parental stress F (2.103) = 17.89, p <.001, dyadic coping F (2.103) = 9.23, p <.001 and family resilience, F (2.103) = 10.43, p <.001.The results indicate a decreasing trend of marital satisfaction, family resilience and dyadic coping and an increasing trend of parenting stress when the couple congruence of illness perception grows. Our results are discussed in the context of their relevance for the therapy of families with children who suffer from Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Keywords:  couple’s congruence; child’s illness perception; marital relationship.

18. Social – Human Positivity in the Context of Parental Education of the Small Age School Children |  View PDF
Author(s): Maria-Livia GARTU
Pages: 168-179



This article proposes a synthesis of the main concepts necessary for the process of defining and analyzing the parental education of young school age children, in the context of forming socio-human positiveness. It reflects at an operational level the capacity of forming and developing interpersonal relationships, based on trust. The influences that the family exerts upon children can manifest either directly, through more or less guided actions, or indirectly, through models of behaviour offered by family members, as well as through the psycho-social climate existent in the family.

Keywords:  happiness, subjective wellbeing, family, socio-human positivity, parental competence.

19. Forming Psychology Student’s Readiness to Assist Transnational Families |  View PDF
Author(s): Anastasiia GOLODRYZHUK
Pages: 180-186


The problem of migration for employment is one of the most important problems of Ukrainian society, mainly because it leads to the appearance of transnational families. The peculiarities of formation, functioning and relation-building in transnational families are reviewed in the article. Main contemporary approaches to studies of the personality’s psychological readiness to performing professional activities are analyzed also. The necessity of forming psychological readiness with psychology students to assist such families is stressed due to the fact that a lot of work migrants and their family members request psychological assistance. Main directions of theoretical and applied training with psychology students, to advance their skills and form their psychological readiness to assist transnational families, are defined in the paper.

Keywords:  psychological readiness, transnational families, psychological traumas, psychological assistance..

20. Responsible Research and Innovation in Science Teaching – Romanian Teachers’ Reflections Expressed in an On-line Course Organized on  edX Environment | View PDF
Author(s): Laura Monica GORGHIU, Ana-Maria Aurelia PETRESCU, Crinela DUMITRESCU
Pages: 187-195


Even the Responsible Research and Innovation (hereafter RRI) concept is not yet clarified at the scientific literature level, it is more and more frequency used, being promoted in the European Union policies (Owen et al, 2012) and programs in Science and beyond (Owen et al, 2013). At the educational level, RRI refers mainly to the idea that the future EU citizens have to possess the necessary skills to manage complex issues related to emerging technologies, and more, they are sufficiently informed about how science works. In the context of achieving of those educational goals, European Union funded – since 2014 – a big number of European projects, in order to bring closer research and innovation results to the large public. The FP7 ENGAGE Project (Equipping the Next Generation for Active Engagement in Science Equipping the Next Generation) is one of those approved projects that started in January 2014 and lasts till March 2017.This paper emphasizes our findings concerning the teachers’ reflections about challenges and prospects related to implementation of RRI specific aspects in Science lessons, collected at the end of the 1st edition of the on-line course entitled “Methods of promoting RRI dimensions in Science Education”. This course was organized in an on-line format, through the edX environment, by Valahia University of Targoviste, in November-December 2015.

Keywords:  interactive-participative teaching strategies, on-line courses, investigation, dilemma lessons, ENGAGE project.

21. A Point where Science and Research Meet Young Students and Interested Stakeholders – The European Researchers’ Night | View PDF
Author(s): Laura Monica GORGHIU, Ana-Maria Aurelia PETRESCU, Crinela DUMITRESCU
Pages: 196-205


As already known, one of the most attracting event organized for general public is represented by the European Researchers’ Night, which targets to bring near Science and Research all the interested actors, having actually a major coverage in more than 30 countries and almost 300 cities, being organized on the last Friday, in September.On the other hand, this event offers a good opportunity for disseminating the outputs designed in several projects that have as objective to promote science and scientific literacy to different target groups, starting from the young learners, to various stakeholders, less or not involved in research activities. In this respect, in the frame of the FP7 project called IRRESISTIBLE, in Romania, the European Researchers’ Night was organized at the National Complex Museum “Curtea Domnească” Târgovişte (History Museum & Museum of Romanian Police), gathering scientific demonstrations, interactive presentations, experimental activities and discussions, but also a dedicated Science exhibition, named: “The World of Nanomaterials and Solar Energy”. Most of the visitors were young students, but also general public was interested to participate to this event. The paper illustrates some aspects related to the participation to the event, but also the feedback recorded from the participants concerning responsible research and innovation aspects that have to be retrieved in the educational practice.

Keywords:  European Researchers’ Night, Responsible Research and Innovation, non-formal education, nanomaterials, exhibition, demonstration, IRRESISTIBLE project.

22. Formation Peculiarities of the Emotional Component of Moral Consciousness of Preschool Children | View PDF
Author(s): Nataliia GUZULIAK, Mariana KORNIVSKA
Pages: 206-212


Preschool age is the most favorable period for moral development of children. In the early preschool years while arranging of relationship with a tutor children learn the rules and specified requirements for their behavior in relationships with other people (and adults peers). In the moral formation of the child and its moral experience development of moral feelings is an important factor. Important factors for development moral feelings are the moral experience. Moral formation of the child and its depends on moral experience is an important factor in the development of moral feelings. Our research objective was formation peculiarities of the emotional component  of the moral consciousness of preschool children identification. We assume that the emotional components of the moral consciousness of preschoolers are dominant among other components and have to be observed and corrected. For achieving of objective, we tested the hypothesis. While checking we used following methods: analysis and synthesis; psychological and pedagogical literature; generalization, deduction, and induction; psychodiagnostic methods; mathematical and statistical methods of processing and analysis of empirical data, descriptive statistics. Research was performed at the kindergarten – «Child Development Center» № 35 Chernivtsicity . In total, the research involved 40 children 4-6 years old, 18 boys and 22 girls. Results of research confirmed that the emotional components of the moral consciousness of preschool childrenare dominant and as a result of correctional and developmental programs it has positive change.

Keywords:  preschool age, moral consciousness, emotional attitude, moral feelings.

23. I. P. Podlasii’s Contributions to the Reconstruction of Pedagogic Normativity | View PDF
Author(s): Aura HAPENCIUC
Pages: 213-223


The paper entitled “I.P.Podlasii’s contributions to the reconstruction of pedagogic normativity” highlights the contribution of the contemporary educator of the eastern area, I.P.Podlasii in demonstrating the scientificity of pedagogy. I.P.Podlasii is one of the few contemporary educators who noticed the need to address the issue of normativity, not by starting from the didactic principles but from the axioms of pedagogy. The axioms of pedagogy, fundamental truths which no longer need to be proven, are epistemological guidelines for the construction of the scientific knowledge system. The model of pedagogical normativity suggested by I.P.Podlasii, adaptable to the paradigm of the curriculum, includes: the axioms of pedagogy, the regularities of pedagogy, specific laws, concrete laws, principles of pedagogy, pedagogic rules which have an operational nature. I.P.Podlasii suggests the promotion and application of a three-step axiomatic method which creates the necessary context for the affirmation of a system of pedagogical axioms. It refers to systematising the basic concepts, stabilised at the level of the basic matrix of pedagogy. The second step consists in correlating the basic concepts and the third step in concentrated organisation of the theories of the field through formula, symbols. The contributions of the mentioned educator are remarkable. given that they are not reduced to the didactic principles, but create a coherent system. The scientific novelty and originality arises from its specificity, hermeneutic research of a theoretical type, which focuses on identifying the epistemic structures of pedagogy. .

Keywords:  Axioms, regularities, normativity, scientificity, paradigm of the curriculum.

24. Ethical and Professional Problems in the Management of Educational Organizations | View PDF
Author(s): Daniela JEDER
Pages: 224-229


A successful management is characterized by performance, productivity, efficiency, innovation, quality- but to be able to speak about authentic results, all of them must be built on moral values. The present study focuses on educational management issues and sheds light on a less discussed issue in this space – the phenomenon of mobbing or harassment at work. So, the idea of the need for a rigorous training of school managers both ethically emerges.

Keywords:  ethical management, schools, culture and deontological ethics, mobbing, training managers, ethical competence, collectivist spirit, spirit of autonomy.

25. Society’s Requirements for Counseling Psychologists’ Professionalism | View PDF
Author(s): Tetiana KANIVETS
Pages: 230-235


The relatively young age of the profession means that its mission, objectives, standards and social role are still in the process of development. Due to the fact that each human is unique, counselors should help their clients live their lives and fully enjoy living, thus helping them to remain in good physical and mental health. We conducted a sociological survey among students to find out their requirements for the professional level of modern counseling psychologists. Because of numerous social and economic challenges, modern society is in great need of counselors who, in their turn, should meet the unique needs of their clients Being aware of the general laws of human functioning, counselors teach clients to live and enjoy living, as there is a strong link between individuals’ physical and mental health. However, to be efficient counselors need to know and meet the social requirements for modern psychologists. The author discusses the requirements of society for counselors’ professionalism which should be developed during their university training.

Keywords:  students, education, diagnosing, social role.

26. Education and Vocational Counselling as a Response to the Labour Market Requirements – European Guidelines and the Situation in Poland | View PDF
Author(s): Malgorzata KRAWCZYK-BLICHARSKA
Pages: 236-252


In the current social situation, education systems, work styles and living models evolve dynamically. This means individuals need to adapt to reorientation and modify the accepted and consolidated action models. Successful transition to the knowledge-based economy and society must be accompanied by increased stress on lifelong education. Member states are encouraged to develop coherent strategies and practical measures within their competences aimed at the growth of widely available lifelong education. Education and vocational counselling is an important component of the lifelong education process. This type of knowledge and skills, passed efficiently, shapes attitudes and triggers motivation to act in relation to conscious and responsible professional and personal development.

Keywords:  guidance, educational and vocational counseling, labor market.

27. Professional Improvement of the Higher Medical School Teachers | View PDF
Author(s): Nataliia KUZNIAK, Roman DMYTRENKO
Pages: 253-257


The higher medical school teacher should be highly professional, goal-oriented, constantly form an inner core to the personal growth, to direct all forces to search for new ways of training and educating the students.

Keywords:  lecturer, higher medical school, professional development, professional career, self-education.

28. The Professionalisation of the Trainers of Trainers For Education | View PDF
Author(s): Emil LAZAR, Elena-Nicoleta MIRCEA
Pages: 258-267


The education and training domain in Romania becomes today more dynamic and complex, corallated permanently to the measurements of european change. Both in the training of the adults and in the domain of training the faculty/teaching staff enters an important key – the trainer and the trainer of trainers. In the european sector of continuous education and adults, it experiences even more the need of standard terms of reference, a professional standard, adapted at an european scale, which will base the occupying profile and the qualifications of the trainer and trainer of trainers. It is about an unitary exemple, which will determine, in the last analsys, the professionalisation of the trainer in education. The tendency these days is to professionalise the two occupations, to state in accordance to a valid, operational and actual legislation. The problem identified in the borders of the current endeavour focuses, therefore, on the process of professionalisation of the trainer and the trainer of trainers in education.

Keywords:  trainer of trainers, professionalisation, occupational standard, standard of qualifications.

29. Ecological Literacy in the Context of Institutionalized Education. Psych-Pedagocical Attributes | View PDF
Author(s): Adriana MUNTEAN, Stela GINJU
Pages: 268-277


This study proposes an analysis of the conceptual framework to be fastened to the environmental issues reflected psychologically. The valued concepts are “ecological literacy”, “ecological identity”, “environmental activism”, and “environmental education”. Simmons (1998) defines ecological literacy as the ability to process information in order to make everyday decisions based on experiences in the real world that surrounds us. An environmentally literate person can discuss environmental issues and actively harness the skills to improve his environment. Educating people in order for them to become ecologically literate means preparing them to become “global citizens” with two concerns: analysis of the world around them and engaging in making decisions about the actions taken by their societies (Mac, 2003).Delimitation of the literature reveals three levels of ecological literacy (Roth, 1992): (1) the nominal level – basic knowledge of how natural systems operate and  their interaction with humans; (2) functional level – awareness, concern and the ability to analyze information; (3) the operational level – active behavior for environmental purposes, both individual and collective, locally and globally. Developing values, conceptualized as guiding principles important in a person’s life (Rokeach, 1973; Schwartz, 1992) is primarily a process of socialization (UNESCO, 1985), with significant implications in the formation of an ecological identity from an institutionalized education perspective (formal and non-formal).Pedagogical approach to the concept of “ecological literacy” is an essential direction in the development of the ecological activism of pedagogical training, treated from the perspective of curriculum paradigm.

Keywords:  Ecological education, Ecological literacy, Ecological activism.

30. “School Readiness of the Child” as a Pedagogical Category: the Theoretical Analysis | View PDF
Author(s): Khrystyna MYKYTEYCHUK
Pages: 278-285


The given paper highlights the lexical-semantic analysis of the concept “preparing the child to school” by the contrast and comparison of existing psychological, educational, philosophical, reference literature definitions. It determined the synonymous use of the terms “training to school”, “school readiness” and “school maturity”. The work showed the essence of training to school as a set of pedagogical measures aimed at the overall development of the child, creating conditions for the foundations of general abilities and skills that would assure the child the comprehensive personal development as a subject for future training activities.

Keywords:  primary education, school readiness of the child, propaedeutics (preliminary study).

31. On the Holistic Approach of the Primary School’s Mathematics Curriculum | View PDF
Author(s): Bogdan N. NICOLESCU, Tudor C. PETRESCU
Pages: 286-293


Since Pedagogy adopted the holistic as a its new paradigm, in the educational policies of the many states it has happened the different modifications and/or reformulation for most curriculum at any level of the national education systems. All these new things have many implications at the teachers’ level, and also at the students’ level. Unfortunately, at the university level, the expected changes derived from the new pedagogy’s paradigm did not happened, and also in the formation plans for the teachers. In this context, for example, a primary school teacher is now put in the difficult for him and for his students in the frame of a new disciplines, like “Mathematics and environmental exploration”. More, the handbooks for these new discipline have not any links with the spirit, philosophy and the scientific knowledge of this discipline. Of course, at the management level of the Romanian educational system, we find some momentary solutions for these situations: it is supposed that the primary school teacher can cope to these their real situations through participation at the short training courses of the differently institutions or/and organizations which have the education minister allowed. The aim of our paper is to present a possible holistic approach of some example of didactic situations for the discipline of mathematics and environmental exploration, which should be considered by the research of the educational domain

Keywords:  holistic education, mathematics curriculum, primary school.

32. Topical Issues on Musical Education of Future Preschool Educators | View PDF
Author(s): Mariya OLIYNYK, Yaryna VYSHPINSKA
Pages: 294-302


The article deals with certain aspects of musical education of future preschool educators, including components of professional training, the use of individual and differentiated approaches to training, selection of forms and methods of educational process in high school.

Keywords:  musical education, future educators, preschool education.

33. Learning and Play at Early Childhood | View PDF
Author(s): Mihaela PAISI-LAZARESCU
Pages: 303-309


The play facilitates the understanding, assignation, and strengthening of the learning outcomes, influences the development and maturity of personality, allowing the elaboration of more and more balanced cognitive structures and contributes to intellectual development. Didactic strategies of learning through play, which, without well-grounded reasons are considered to be less necessary along with ageing, are essentially euristic strategies ensuring an active learning as they situate the pupil in the centre of the learning activities. Having a direct contact with reality, looking for solutions, experiencing, making mistakes, etc., the child learns to build a reality he understands and he can use in very diverse situations. For the child, the play is not superficial and trifling, but, on the contrary, is a chance for learning. In play, the child finds himself as a protagonist of learning and not a simple receiver of information. Through its characteristics (the need for performance, risk, uncertainty, symbolism, intrinsic motivation, etc.) the didactic play as well as the role play claims a full deployment of all pupils’ psychical resources, ensuring a creative participation, elaborating its own cognition strategies, stimulating the initiative, capturing interest, involving emotion and attitude. The play offers the pupil the possibility to learn in a personal rhythm, to understand the surrounding reality to the best of is abilities. Learning through play is a constructivist learning in which pupils/children become active participants in building their own cognizance, improve their research and organizational abilities and communicate their personal ideas and affective condition.

Keywords:  Play, learning, didactic play, role play.

34. Psychological Variables Involved in Social Behavior | View PDF
Author(s): Mihaela PAISI-LAZARESCU
Pages: 310-316


The rational thinking with moral character, like the intellectual one, go through stages of development, the two processes beeing inseparable. The stages must be crossed in succession, as each of them is based on previously developed reasoning. Development of moral reasoning differs from person to person and it is not always supporting a moral behavior.In the investigation of the level of internalization of moral rules and norms by adolescents were considered as variables the chronological age, intellectual level, gender, residence and personality traits and were used as methods:  Personality Questionnaire HSPQ -14 PF – (to identify the personality factors), Raven Progressive Matrices (for setting QI) and a situational questionnaire developed by us in witch we identified manifestations of moral character among adolescents at this specific age of their life.The analysis of moral behavior had the morality of obedience and submission guidelines, good relations morality, public order and morality duty  and contractual morality (civic engagement). The research results reveal correlations that might exist between chronological age phenomenon of moral and intellectual level, sex, residence and certain personality factors.Our research concluded the fact that at the adolescents the level of moral reasoning is higher than that of moral behavior, in the meaning that even knows how it should proceed teen act differently, being influenced by emotions, personality traits, socio – cultural behaviors earlier etc.

Keywords:  moral autonomy, fear of punishment; respect, moral duty, contractual morality, moral nonconformity.

35. The Prospective Nursery Teacher’s Training of Pre-School Establishments for the Educational Interaction with Parents | View PDF
Author(s): Inna PEREPELIUK
Pages: 317-325


The paper shows some aspects of professional training in preschool establishments future specialists that are based on forms and methods of training, oriented on pre-school effective cooperation with parents.

Keywords:  training, nursery teacher, educational interaction with parents.

36. The Advantages of Collaborative Learning in Science Lessons | View PDF
Author(s): Ana-Maria Aurelia PETRESCU, Gabriel GORGHIU, Luminita Mihaela DRAGHICESCU
Pages: 326-333


The concept of collaborative learning, as well as the cooperative learning one, is quite commonly invoked in the educational policy documents of the last decades. The collaborative learning is regarded as an operating principle of modern education and training, based on the idea of democratization of education, and also on its anchoring in the social or community issues. The school and the classroom represent a learning environment where the child socializes, as a result of developing various types of relations: inter-knowing, inter-communication, collaboration, influence etc. On the other hand, from the praxeological perspective, the collaborative learning is seen as an interactive strategy, a participatory one that promotes teamwork, roles assuming, constructive exchange of ideas and personal involvement, in relation to each personality when developing a joint product. In the present study, we aim to express the advantages of the collaborative learning in Science lessons (Physics, Chemistry, Biology), concomitant with the identification of its limits. The analysis was performed in the frame of the FP7 project entitled: “IRRESISTIBLE – Including Responsible Research and Innovation in Cutting Edge Science and Inquiry-based Science Education to Improve Teacher’s Learning Ability of Bridging Environments”, on a sample of 30 students from lower and upper secondary levels, based on a questionnaire survey. The students’ feedback correlated with data derived from teachers’ observations revealed that the collaborative learning represents a favorable context for engaging students in the development of their own knowledge, in order to achieve sustainable acquisitions and increase their motivation and interest for Science.

Keywords:  collaborative learning, collaboration, cooperation, teamwork, IRRESISTIBLE project.

37. Epistemological Developments of Modern Social Pedagogy View PDF
Author(s): Marioara ROTARU
Pages: 334-344


This study proposes a historic foray into the field of social pedagogy.  It analyses origins, phases and the conceptual development of this area, based on the cultural model of modern society. Although social pedagogy has different emphases and approaches depending on particular historical and geographical contexts, a common theme is that it deals with the connections between educational and social dynamics, or to put it differently concern the educational dimension of social issues and the social dimensions of educational issues. Historical research methodology will be based on the principle of synchronism and diachronism social and human sciences in their own context- generally, pedagogical sciences- in particular.The historical approach to social pedagogy creates epistemological preconditions for identifying the axiomatic framework of Education Sciences, developed in the perspective of the sociocentrist paradigm. Updating and valorisation of fundamental pedagogical  works and models in the history of education  can help us to understand the current issues of education, in terms of the challenges of the knowledge society  in  a didactic, theoretical and operational perspective.The first part of this study analyzes the history of the field of social pedagogy since its german origins with a focus on two great tendencies: the kantian tradition (Paul Natorp) and the historicist-hermeneutics tradition (Herman  Nöhl). The second part of the paper reviews the conceptual framework at the level of some opened epistemic models in the area of social pedagogy (axioms, laws, principles ) as aspects of the process of understanding the essence of the phenomenon of education.

Keywords:  Social Pedagogy, epistemology, kantian tradition, historicist-hermeneutics tradition, modernity.

38. Exercising Citizenship in the European Union View PDF
Author(s): Nadia Laura SERDENCIUC
Pages: 345-361


This study aims to outline some points of reference related to the process of exercising citizenship in the European Union and to identify a few characteristics regarding educational contexts responsible for development of social and civic competences that underpin the exercising of citizenship. The process of building identity in the contemporary context, the relationship between identity and citizenship, the citizenship approach between tradition and modernity, the issue of European citizenship, the civic dimension in the process of education and the educational landmarks in the process of developing social and civic competences are the coordinates that shape the analysis of citizenship exercising in the European Union. The potential of cultural diversity in the plural society determines the need for consistency and coherency at the level of personal and community development as well as recognition, valorisation and respect for identity and its exercising. An authentic civic conduct is a result of convergence between knowledge, skills and attitudes that link citizenship values to social expectations, in terms of principles, norms and practices according to the needs of a democratic society functioning. Formal, non-formal or informal educational contexts sustain the process of identity development and structure coordinates for exercising citizenship through different learning experiences built in an active, free, open and reflexive perspective, preparing the individual for integration into the social life.

Keywords:  Identity, citizenship, European citizenship, social and civic competences, lifelong learning.

39. Early Education – Current Content Relevant to the Training of Trainers View PDF
Author(s): Liliana STAN
Pages: 362-369


Early education has been world widely accepted as a strategic formative intervention for the last decades. Development of the required multidimensional action complex is founded on a determinative framework which is most frequently centred on people needs (subtlety emphasised by humanities) and observation of the rights of each and every person (displayed mostly within international legal framework). Early education requires a whole range of interrogations and corresponding solutions which need a cognitive thorough study by several professional categories. This study explains acceptations of the syntagm early education and synthesises arguments – which for the generated themes in connection to it, would claim assignment of a substantial study area within the university curriculum (Bachelor’s degrees, Master’s degree, PhD Programmes and lifelong learning) of the faculties of educational sciences (and their concerned specialisations) in Romania. Arguments pro curricular enrichment that we keep on evoking comprises two relevant aspects: reconsideration of the early education by some international bodies and world states and application of some measures for significantly qualitative assertion and development of early education in Romania of the last decades.

Keywords:  early education, elementary education, education for all, university curriculum.

40. The Role of Learning Style in the Relationship Between Cognitive Ability and Academic Performance in Primary Schooling View PDF
Author(s): Maria Magdalena STAN
Pages: 370-378


School readiness is understood as a process of directed development of knowledge and skills that will allow a quick and easy adjustment of children to the new requirements of Grade 1. Traditionally, preparedness for school is associated with academic performance and acquisition. Most practitioners consider cognitive ability as a core element of academic success. This is described as a set of mental abilities and aptitudes that associates unidirectionally with academic acquisitions. The use of a differentiated psycho-diagnosis methodology during schooling allows us to evaluate the general level of the child’s psycho-social development and the possibility to make some predictions about his academic performances as well as to carry out specific psycho-educational interventions. The primary aim of this research was to examine the role of learning styles and learning strategies in the relationship between cognitive ability and academic performance in primary schooling. We consider that through this approach on the factors which influence academic performance-learning style and cognitive abilities, the present study may constitute a reference point for practitioners in education to help them design adequate instructional strategies which would meet pupils needs and choices in acquiring specific competences.

Keywords:  Learning style, learning strategies, cognitive ability, academic performance, school success.

41. Prerequisites of School Adaptation at the Beginning of the Schooling Period View PDF
Author(s): Maria Magdalena STAN
Pages: 379-387


„What is the optimal beginning age of schooling?”  is a question that has been often heard from the specialists or from other persons interested in the field. The beginning of the schooling period at 6 years is supported frequently by political or comparative arguments (with those of other educational systems). A frequent criterion used for the beginning of schooling period is represented by the chronological age (6 years) and is based on the hypothesis according to which the development of the 6 year child’s psycho-socio-emotional level allows him to adapt to the educational environment with all its implications and to the activity of school learning. School readiness is the term used on a large scale to define school competence but there is no consensus on the level of defining the child preparedness for school and the best way to acquire this competence. Most approaches refer to the child’s ability to learn and adapt to the school requirements efficiently. The present study synthetizes the main prerequisites of a successful adaptation to schooling: school maturity and play as a fundamental activity during early years.nt aspects of the paper. The beginning of schooling represents an important stage of our evolution, a transition from a well-known secure environment- the kindergarten environment to new, challenging one- the school environment; from the specific activity of play where the world is dominated by and answers to our own wishes, where the voluntary effort is supported by the activity of play to the specific activity of learning, by which we can dominate the word while this domination does not always responds to our own needs and desires, where voluntary effort must be supported by us even if it is not challenging.

Keywords:  School readiness, preschool period, school adaptation, school maturity, play.

42. Study on Professional Values in Choosing the Teaching Career View PDF
Author(s): Maria Magdalena STAN
Pages: 388-396


The choice of a profession is a major problem with multiple implications not only at  individual but also at macro-social level. The effects of suitable career choices entail behaviours such as satisfaction, commitment, stability, civism etc. A career in education is uniquely challenging. The teaching profession is essential in a country of social welfare, which implies a high level of responsibility and altruism – intrinsic human values. Values play an important role in people’s behaviours, affecting their perceptions, attitudes, and motivations. Through this study we aim to investigate the relationship established between the structuring of professional values and teaching career choice, and the effects resulting from this choice. The study was conducted on a sample of 65 subjects, students and teachers in the pre-university educational system using specific investigation tools. The study confirms that work values determine significant effects on job choice decisions. The paper also presents the implications of the results obtained in the study of work values and job choice.

Keywords:  Professional values, vocational values, values, teaching career, career choice.

43. Study on the Sources of Stress in the School Organization View PDF
Author(s): Maria Magdalena STAN
Pages: 397-403


Very often called “disease of the century”, stress, whose consequences upon individual life are serious, chiefly affects the professional categories in which interpersonal relations are important, teachers being included herein. The studies show that stress affects not only the physical body, generating professional diseases, but also job satisfaction and the individual well-being within the organization.Undoubtedly, in the school organization, stress represents a complex theme to be analysed and investigated in order to identify the generating causes/sources and the possible directions of intervention in order to ameliorate /diminish their effects upon the individual.Occupational stress is both the cause and effect of professional diseases. Among the factors which affect teacher’s health, we can mention overstress of the nervous system, disappointment, frustration, job insecurity, economic and political decisions, poor status, etc. The impact of professional diseases upon teachers determines routine, lack of initiative, absenteeism, depression, stress and eventually abandon. (Report CE, 2000). The present study proposes to identify the sources of stress perceived by teachers in the school organization. The study has been performed on a sample of 54 teachers, having a didactic experience between 5 and 40 years. The results obtained had been analysed through personal variables such as sex, age, levels of education, didactic experience and types of school, which play an important role in the perception of the different stress sources connected to the didactic profession.

Keywords:  occupational stress, stress sources, stress effects, teacher, school organization.

44. Value Systems in the Polish Education. The Past – the Present – the Future View PDF
Author(s): Malgorzata STAWIAK-OSOSINSKA
Pages: 404-413


Values and their system play an important role of social life stabilizers, they provide an individual  and community with support. They enable orientation in the reality, choice and assessment of actions and mutual communication. Values, criteria and their choice as well as problem of personal ideal of a human being are the most important issues concerning education and upbringing. Education is to help in adapting to a specific social reality, assists in accepting required social attitudes, but at the same time it should encourage to shape one’s own future actively and create new standards. Its objective is to shape and promote general values: truth, good and beauty. Upbringing and teaching should not be considered without looking at the problem of the upbringing goal, so they do not exist without judging and values. Values are a significant element of upbringing  and education process. Education value systems were created through ages. Each period had its own “education ideal” which developed and was specified, which was defended and realized within education practice. The article shows how the canon of educational values changed over the centuries in Poland.

Keywords:  values, education, Poland, history.

45. Current Problems of Motherhood and Childhood Social Support in the Developed Countries View PDF
Author(s): Viktoriia STYNSKA
Pages: 414-422


The article outlines the urgent problems of motherhood and childhood social support in the developed countries. Different types of state assistance to families with children in developed countries are analyzed: tax credits for families with children; at one-time childbirth assistance; support package for child care up to 3 years; special assistance for low-income families with children; grant support for the family; economic support for single parents; birth assistance for the second, third and subsequent children; special programs for young parents. The attention is devoted to the issues of international experience to overcome the demographic crisis and the main directions of its use in Ukraine. The conclusion: one of the areas of social policy support for mothers and children is the successful overcoming the demographic crisis by: reducing mortality through health reform and improve welfare of people; reducing the number of divorces; economic support for young families as child natural surroundings; improvement of living standards of large families; strengthening legal protection of children and others.

Keywords:  social support, motherhood, childhood, developed countries, the demographic crisis, state assistance.

46. Specificity of Investigation in Primary Classes View PDF
Author(s): Angela TELEMAN
Pages: 423-433


In intention of modernizing education, the goals are focused on new formative coordinates. Investigative activities include a complex of cognitive processes that allow the process of the scientific content by pupils by mobilizing all their knowledge, skills and attitudes. Exploration/investigation meets three main components specific to the structure of pedagogical activities: constructive component, organizational component and communicative component. Formation of competence of exploration/ investigation must describe its structural components: declarative (savoir-dire), procedural (savoir-faire), conative (savoir-être). Moreover, there were established and described the levels of training competence of exploration/investigation: initiation, certification, and maintenance. To determine the competence level of development of exploration/ investigation to pupils from primary school, the tests were applied to each component on a sample of 63 pupils. Exploration/investigation activity of little pupils is an instructive research activity.

Keywords:  exploration, investigation, competence of exploration/ investigation.

47. Global Communication in Today’s Management View PDF
Author(s): Alexandru TRIFU
Pages: 434-439


The communication is a very sensitive topic in the managerial process, because the accuracy of decisions largely depends on the communication efficiency. Information and data transmission, in a correctly manner and their acceptance, lead to a better comprehension of the issues, by their debate and determine the necessity of communication in double-way senses.For the manager of today, the communication becomes the essential feature of his activity and existence within an organization, both in relationships with employees and staff and with the business environment. The approach of the global communication within managerial systems, either endogenous and exogenous, means above all, the process the transformation of the human society in transition to the communication-based values, a complex and lasting process.

Keywords:  Global communication, management systems, optimal relationship, efficiency.

48. Preparing Pre-Service Teachers to the Parent-Teacher Partnerships View PDF
Author(s): Taisiia TSURKAN
Pages: 440-447


A central theme in this research is the particular role of educators in engaging with parents in a genuine partnership built on mutual trust and respect with shared aspirations and responsibilities for student learning and wellbeing. This article will explore the process of preparing pre-service teachers to the forming positive partnerships with parents.

Keywords:  parent-teacher partnerships, teacher education programs, teacher preparation.

49. Interactive Evaluation – Theoretical and Practical Approaches View PDF
Author(s): Sofia Loredana TUDOR
Pages: 448-454



The national context in terms of educational evaluation is marked by transition elements regardless of the perspective approach. The last decades brought as a result of the numerous educational reforms, effects on the evolution and on the reconceptualization of teaching-learning-evaluation framework. In this context, we have witnessed the conceptual and operational upgrading of school evaluation, in its relation to teaching and learning, and related to educational closers defined in terms of skills. The present study aims to provide a theoretical and pragmatic analysis of the concept of evaluation in terms of defining its interactive character of this process.

Keywords:  interactive evaluation, formative evaluation.

50. Experiential Teaching Approach – Ways of Design and Execution View PDF
Author(s): Sofia Loredana TUDOR
Pages: 455-461



The personal, professional and social success is given the ability to make connections and rapid transfers between disciplines to solve arising problems. In this way, the concrete problems of life that must be done every day, have an integrated character and can not be solved but only resorting to knowledge, skills, skills that are not strictly within the context of an object of study. At this point, the goals are formulated as framework and specific skills and they have key competences as a starting point. Didactic approach proposes as a way of realization the experiential approach,that can be considered a flexible approach to adapt to situations and new needs appeared in the socio-economic and cultural field, characteristic for the educational context of the millennium.

Keywords:  experiential field, learning experience, experiential design.