MINORITY. THE MINOR-VICTIM AND THE MINOR-OFFENDER

Authors

  • Diana GRUMEZA PhD Student, Law Sciences, State University from Moldova, Law Faculty

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18662/jls/15.3-4/72

Keywords:

abuse, child pornography, minority, minor-victim, minor-offender, human rights

Abstract

Research literature notes differently the time of the minority as compared to the time when the minor gives its assumed consent for sexual intercourse, in the latter case, the age in some jurisdictions being of 16 years old.( Taylor, Quayle,( 2003), : 3).

At the international level, there was also the intention to change the biological age with the age that the minor seems to have, but the difficulties deriving from establishing an age that the minor has only apparently determined the maintenance of the chronological age as a criterion for establishing the minority, and implicitly, the existence of the crime.

Particular attention is paid to adolescents, who are minors between the ages of 13 and 17.

According to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (S.1), “child means any human being under the age of 18 (…).” However, the UN Convention leaves the states to determine alone the age of majority, which may be below or above the limit set by the Convention. That is why we find different ages worldwide for determining adulthood.

In common language, the concepts of "pornography" and "obscenity" are substantially equal. However, pornography involving minors does not necessarily mean obscene behaviour, it can represent explicit, lewd or suggestive sexual behaviour

Starting from the definition of the minor in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, we go beyond the multiple discussions in the research literature on the minority, the term "minor" being considered too imprecise, impliying both the criminal and civil minority.

Criminologically speaking, the necessary distinction is made between child - adolescent - adult - elderly. So, both the child and adolescent are subsumed to the concept of minor.

We also note that the minority can be a characteristic of the victim, but also of the offender.

Author Biography

Diana GRUMEZA, PhD Student, Law Sciences, State University from Moldova, Law Faculty

PhD Student, Law Sciences, State University from Moldova, Law Faculty

References

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Published

2021-02-01

How to Cite

GRUMEZA, D. (2021). MINORITY. THE MINOR-VICTIM AND THE MINOR-OFFENDER. Jurnalul De Studii Juridice, 15(3-4), 17-30. https://doi.org/10.18662/jls/15.3-4/72

Issue

Section

International Law. European Law. Comparative Law