The Right to Life versus the Right to Die


  • Gabriela Nemţoi „Stefan cel Mare" University, Suceava, Romania



euthanasia, medically assisted suicide, homicide, right to life, right to die, death with dignity


Considered a current topical the euthanasia, or under other names such as medically assisted suicide, or death with dignity, is a procedure that ensures the death of people suffering from incurable diseases and who over time are subject to degrading suffering.

Recognition of a right to death is considered to be a delicate matter, susceptible to a multidisciplinary approach, with social, legal, moral, religious aspects.

Although euthanasia or medically assisted suicide is legalized in many countries, it practically calls into question the extent to which the protection of the right to life must be exercised.

Paradoxically, the very right to life - an essential principle, constituting the indispensable condition for exercising the other guaranteed rights, does not enjoy the establishment of well-defined borders.

This paper is a summary of this phenomenon, which is growing, motivated mainly by the care and protection that must be given to the individual, regardless of his condition.

Author Biography

Gabriela Nemţoi, „Stefan cel Mare" University, Suceava, Romania

Associate. Prof. PhD, ’’Ștefan cel Mare” University of Suceava


Aruna Shanbaug case: SC allows passive euthanasia in court that breaks the path. (2011, March 07).


Astarastoaie, V., & Stoica, O. (2003). The impact of bioethics education on the way of perception on some controversial notions: Euthanasia. Romanian Journal of Bioethics, 1(3).

Bacon, F. R. (1620). New Organon or true directions concerning the interpretation of nature.


Bamgbose, O. (2004). Euthanasia: Another face of murder. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 48(1), 111–21.

Belgium euthanasia: Three doctors cleared in landmark trial. (n.d.).

Breck, J. (2001). Darul sacru al vieţii. Tratat de bioetică [The sacred gift of life. A treatise of bioethics]. Patmos.

Dehaas, J. (2016). Supreme court gives Parliament 4-month extension on doctor-assisted dying law.


European Court of Human Rights. (2019). Lambert and Others v. France (application no. 21675/19).


Greer, D. (2012). British Columbia Supreme Court kills assisted suicide ban. It was made legal in Quebec as of June 2014. Courthouse news:

Higgins, A. (2013, December 12). Belgian Senate votes to allow euthanasia for terminally Ill children.


Human Rights Committee concludes seventy-second session. (2001, July 02).

India joins select nations in legalising “passive euthanasia. (2011).

International Organization for Migration (IOM). (2013). Managementul migraţiei. Manual de curs pentru studenţii Academiei de Poliţie „Ştefan cel Mare” a Ministerului Afacerilor Interne al Republicii Moldova [Migration management. Course manual for students of the Police Academy "Stefan cel Mare" of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Moldova].


Janssen, A. (2002). The new regulation of voluntary euthanasia and medically assisted suicide in the Netherlands. International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, 16(2), 260–269.


Legality of euthanasia. (n.d.).


Lehman, J., & Phelps, S. (2005). West's encyclopedia of American law. Thomson/Gale.

Luce, J. M., & Alpers, A. (2000). Legal aspects of withholding and withdrawing life support from critically Ill patients in the United States and providing palliative care to them. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 162(6), 2029-2032.

Lundin, L. (2009, August 02). YOUthanasia.


Macleod, S. (2011). The psychiatry of palliative medicine: The dying mind. Radcliffe Publishing.

Marty, M. D. (2004, September 10). Report on Commission euthanasia on social, health and family issues in the Assembly Parliamentary Council of Europe.,p.3

Mohanty, M. K. (2014). Variants of homicide: A review. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 11(4), 214–18.


Pivniceru, M. M., & Dascalescu, F. D. (2004). Euthanasia: Where does the protection of the right to life end? Romanian Journal of Bioethics, 2(2).

Quebec end-of-life-care law means new era for health providers. (2014, June 06).


Rosas, R. (2016). Development of legal rights in the American legal system. Russian Journal of Comparative Law, 8(2), 73-94.

Stanila, L. (2014). Obsesia terapeutică. Pro şi contra eutanasiei – noi provocări ale legislaţiei româneşti [Therapeutic obsession. Pros and cons of euthanasia - New challenges of Romanian legislation]. Analele Universităţii de Vest din Timişoara. Seria Drept, 27-43.

Suetonius. (1998). Vieţile celor 12 Cezari [The lives of the twelve Caesars]. Politica.

Supreme Court rules Canadians have right to doctor-assisted suicide. (n.d.).

Tomás Valiente Lanuza, C. (1997). La regulación de la eutanasia en Holanda [The regulation of euthanasia in the Netherlands]. Anuario de Derecho Penal y Ciencias Penales, 1-3, 293-322.


United Nations Human Rights Committee. (2001). Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Netherlands. https://www.

Verhagen, E, & Sauer, P. J. (2005). The Groningen Protocol - Euthanasia in seriously ill newborns. New England Journal of Medicine, 352(10), 959-62.

World Heritage Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Euthanasia. Article ID WHEBN0000009587.




How to Cite

Nemţoi, G. . (2020). The Right to Life versus the Right to Die. Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty: Law, 8(1), 01-15.

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now