Artificial Intelligence and Mind-reading Machines— Towards a Future Techno-Panoptic Singularity
Keywords:artificial intelligence, mind-reading machine, singularity, techno-panopticism, singleton
The present study focuses on the situation in which mind-reading machines will be connected, initially through the incorporation of weak AI, and then in conjunction to strong AI, an aspect that, ongoing, will no longer have a simple medical role, as is the case at present, but one of surveillance and monitoring of individuals—an aspect that is heading us towards a future techno-panoptic singularity. Thus, the general objective of this paper raises the problem of the ontological stability of human nature which, within the limits of the technological singularity of mind-reading machines, leads to the loss of autonomy and a reduction in freedom when it comes to human thoughts. In this paradigm, the hypothesis of a future era of technological singularity is prefigured to be a cumulation of factors in which artificial intelligence holds a dominant position in relation to the human agent, in a techno-panoptic system of human supervision, in the form of a new world order of manifestation/imposition of power—that of a “singleton.” The theoretical objective analyzes the phenomenon of “deterritorrialization” (Deleuze & Guattari, 2000, 2005) of the Foucauldian panoptic mechanism (Foucault, 1995, 2003, 2006, 2008)—which is based on the “biopolitical” system of “biopower”—and its “reterritorialization” in the “territory” of the techno-panoptic singularity, where the scenario of a strong AI “singleton” (Bostrom, 2004, 2006), represents the alienation of the Being into a hard technological determinism.
Baudrillard, J. (1994). Simulacra and simulation. (14th ed.). University of Michigan Press.
Bentham, J. (2011). The panopticon writings (2 nd ed.). Verso.
Bostrom, N. (2004). The future of human evolution. In C. Tandy (Ed.), Death and anti-death: Two hundred years after Kant, fifty years after Turing (pp. 339-371). Ria University Press.
Bostrom, N. (2006). What is a Singleton? Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, 5(2), 48-54. https://www.nickbostrom.com/fut/singleton.html
Bostrom, N. (2014). Superintelligence. Paths, dangers, strategies. Oxford University Press.
Chandler, D. (1995). Technological or Media Determinism. http://visual-memory.co.uk/daniel/Documents/tecdet/
Crossley, N. (2006). Reflexive embodiment in contemporary society. Open University Press.
Deleuze, G., & Guattari, F. (2000). Anti-Oedipus. Capitalism and schizophrenia. University of Minnesota Press.
Deleuze, G., & Guattari, F. (2005). A thousand plateaus: Capitalism and schizophrenia (B. Massumi, Trans.). University of Minnesota Press.
Ellul, J. (1964). The technological society. Vintage Books.
Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline and punish. The birth of the prison. Vintage Books.
Foucault, M. (2002). The order of things. Routledge Classics.
Foucault, M. (2003). Society must be defended: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-1976 (1st ed.). Picador.
Foucault, M. (2006). The history of sexuality. The will to knowledge (1st vol.). Penguin Books.
Foucault, M. (2008). The birth of biopolitics. Lectures at the Collège de France, 1978—1979. Palgrave Macmillan.
Heidegger, M. (1962). Being and time. Blackwell Publishers Ltd.
Kant, I. (1997). Groundwork for the metaphysics of morals. Cambridge University Press.
Kurzweil, R. (2005). The singularity is near. Viking Penguin.
Kurzweil, R. (2012). How to create a mind. The secret of human thought. Viking Penguin.
Patton, P. (2010). Deleuzian concepts: Philosophy, colonization, politics. Stanford University Press.
Schwab, K. (2017). The fourth industrial revolution. Crown Business.
Vinge, V. (1993). Technological singularity. https://frc.ri.cmu.edu/~hpm/book98/com.ch1/vinge.singularity.html
Whitaker, R. (1999). The end of privacy: How total surveillance is becoming a reality. New Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journal right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Postmodern Openings Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs