Strategic and Resilient Urban-Territorial Planning of the Integrated Landscape Related to the Natural and Anthropic Protected Areas
Keywords:“Integrated Landscape”, Protected Areas, Strategic Planning, Urban-Territorial Development, Resilience,
Starting from the definitions of the terms and establishing the most important theoretical scientific ideas in the field of strategic urban-territorial planning, resilience and the concept of Landscape, we propose a new syntax, namely that of the “Integrated Landscape”, in the idea of cross-disciplinary correlation of all its natural and anthropic components (including architectural and urban heritage), but also of its cultural, economic and socio-human components, considering each scale of the landscape, macro-, mezzo- and detail. The two types of protected areas will be able to be approached as two interconnected systems: the cultural route will be linked with the green infrastructure network. Promoting such a landscape has the potential to give birth to a Landscape Brand, which would encourage the involvement of different urban actors, including the authorities.
The article aims to achieve a comparative scientific approach to the problem of the “Integrated Landscape”, related to the Natural and Anthropic Protected Areas in the european and national context.
It will highlight the similar components and typologies, as well as the existing differences, leading to a dangerous legislative "void", that allows the irrecoverable loss, destruction and non-use of this valuable potential and of the particular urban-territorial character of the Natural Protected Landscapes, Anthropic and / or Cultural, assets in today's urban-territorial development of a territory, region, locality or urban / rural / rurban area.
In this process, the urban landscape designer is a potential conflict moderator and a key actor, but also a specialist in adapting the city to climate change.
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