The Development of Prosocial Tendencies in Out-of-School Students
Keywords:prosocial behavior, empathy, selfishness, altruism, teenagers, adolescents
The article highlights the results of an experimental study on the formation of prosocial behavior among out-of-school students of their teenage and adolescent years. The dynamics of development of prosocial behavior is determined; the reliability of the revealed changes is established to confirm the effectiveness of the conducted psycho-correctional work. This article is an experimental continuation of the first stage of the study of teens and adolescents’ prosocial behavior.
The results of the experimental study show the dynamics of changes before and after the formative experiment on the levels of empathy, the components of altruism and selfishness in the experimental and control groups. Changes in types and norms of teens and adolescents’ prosocial orientation of behavior are analyzed.
After the experiment it was found out that the level of empathy and altruism is statistically higher among the students of their teenage and adolescent years in the experimental group than in the control one. It is noted that the system of psycho-correctional measures promotes the development and increase of empathy and altruism among teenagers and adolescents.
Significant differences among the types and norms of teenage and adolescent students’ prosocial behavior before and after the experiment are identified.
It is proved that teenagers and adolescents show less dominance of altruistic motives in behavior when there is a necessity to provide assistance in public. The level of altruism increases under the possibility of selfless and charitable assistance.
It is concluded that the results of the approbation have testified to the effectiveness of the developed program of prosocial behavior formation in students of out-of-school institutions.
Balabanian, C., & Lemos, V. (2020). The Role of Attribution in Adolescent Prosocial Behavior. Interdisciplinaria, 37(2), 129-142. https://doi.org/10.16888/interd.2020.37.2.8
Bykov, A. (2016). Altruism: New Perspectives of Research on a Classical Theme in Sociology of Morality. Current Sociology, 65(6), 797-813. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011392116657861
Carlo, G., & Padilla-Walker, L. M. (2020). Adolescents' Prosocial Behaviors Through a Multidimensional and Multicultural Lens. Child Development Perspectives, 14(4), 265-272. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdep.12391
Carlo, G., Hausmann, A., Christiansen, S., & Randall, B. A. (2003). Sociocognitive and Behavioral Correlates of a Measure of Prosocial Tendencies for Adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence, 23(1), 107-134. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431602239132
Chaikovska, O., Holovach, T., Melnyk, L., & Kuzo, L. (2020). Prosocial Behaviour of Teenagers and Adolescents: Concepts and Tendencies. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(1), 226-243. https://doi:10.18662/rrem/211
Chen, O., Guan, F., Hu, Y., Wu, T., Liu, L., Sheng, J. & Chen, J. (2020, July 22). The Relationship between Belief and Prosocial Behavior. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-00943-6
Davis, A. N., Martin-Cuellar, A. & Luce, H. (2019). Life Events and Prosocial Behaviors among Young Adults: Considering the Roles of Perspective Taking and Empathic Concern. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 180 (4-5), 205-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221325.2019.1632785
Gavrilova, T. P. (2008). Utverzhdeniye Empatii [The Statement of Empathy]. Zhurnal Prakticheskogo Psikhologa, 5, 204-216. Gavrilova, T. P. (2008). Utverzhdeniye Empatii [The Statement of Empathy]. Zhurnal Prakticheskogo Psikhologa [Journal of Practical Psychologist], 5, 204-216. https://istina.msu.ru/journals/457676/
Ilyin, Ye. P. (2013). Psikhologiya Pomoshchi. Al'truizm, Egoizm, Empatiya [Psychology of Help. Altruism, Selfishness, Empathy]. Piter.
Kanacri, B. L. (2011). Development and Promotion of Prosocial Behavior from Adolescence to Young Adulthood: Antecedents and Civic Outcomes [Unpublished doctoral thesis]. Sapienza University of Roma, 208.
Kukhtova, N.V., Gritsenko, V.V., Molchanova, N.V., & Kovaleva Yu.V. (2014). Prosotsial'noye povedeniye migrantov i prinimayushchego naseleniya v usloviyakh mezhkul'turnogo vzaimodeystviya: monografiya [Prosocial behaviour of migrants and the host population in the context of intercultural interaction: a monograph]. Vitebsk, VGU imeni P.M. Masherova.
Leimgruber, K. L. (2018). The Developmental Emergence of Direct Reciprocity and Its Influence on Prosocial Behavior. Current Opinion in Psychology, 20, 122-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.01.006
Lockwood, P. L., Seara-Cardoso, A., & Viding, E. (2014). Emotion Regulation Moderates the Association between Empathy and Prosocial Behavior. Plos One, 9(5), e96555. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096555 The source is quoted
Malinauskas, R. K., & Saulius, T. (2019). Social Self-Efficacy and Prosocial Behaviour Among Students of High and Youth Schools. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 8 (3), 542-549. https://doi.org/10.13187/ejced.2019.3.542
Marti-Vilar, M., Corell-Garcia, L., & Merino-Soto, C. (2019). Systematic Review of Prosocial Behavior Measures. Revista de Psicologia [online], 37(1), 349-377. https://doi.org/10.18800/psico.201901.012
Morales, M. F. (2020). Coping Strategies, Empathy and Prosocial Tendencies in University Students. European Journal of Education and Psychology, 13(2), 187-200. https://doi.org/10.30552/ejep.v13i2.360
Osvita dlya staloho rozvytku v diyi: mizhnarodnyy osvitniy proekt dlya shkilʹnoyi molodi ta doroslykh. Mizhnarodni dokumenty [Education for Sustainable Development in Action: An International Educational Project for School Youth and Adults. International documents]. (2013-2014). Dorozhnya karta dlya realizatsiyi Hlobalʹnoho Planu Diy z Osvity dlya Staloho Rozvytku. YUNESKO. 2014. [Roadmap for the Implementation of the Global Plan of Action in Education for Sustainable Development. UNESCO. 2014]. Paris, 41. http://www.esd.org.ua/node/872
Paciello, M., Fida, R., Cerniglia, L., Tramontano, C., & Colec, E. (2013). High Cost Helping Scenario: The Role of Empathy, Prosocial Reasoning and Moral Disengagement on Helping Behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(1), 3-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.11.004
Padilla-Walker, L. M., & Carlo, G. (Eds.), (2014). Prosocial Development: A Multidimensional Approach. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964772.001.0001
Patrick, R. B., Bodine, A. J., Gibbs, J. C., & Basinger, K. S. (2018). What Accounts for Prosocial Behavior? Roles of Moral Identity, Moral Judgment, and Self-Efficacy Beliefs. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 17 (5), 231-245. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221325.2018.1491472
Raygorodskiy, D. Ya. (2002). Prakticheskaya Psikhodiagnostika. Metodiki i Testy: uchebnoye posobiye [Practical Psychodiagnostics. Methods and Tests: a manual]. Samara, Izd. Dom «BAKHRAKH-M».
Raboteg-Saric, Z. (1997). The Role of Empathy and Moral Reasoning in Adolescents Prosocial Behavior. Drustvena Istrazivanja, 6(4-5), 493-512.
Raboteg-Saric, Z. (1997). The Role of Empathy and Moral Reasoning in Adolescents Prosocial Behavior. Drustvena Istrazivanja [Social Research], 6(4-5), 493-512. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/27215210_The_role_of_empathy_and_moral_reasoning_in_adolescents'_prosocial_behaviour
Schwartz, Sh. (2008). Kul'turnyye Tsennosti Oriyentatsii: Priroda i Sledstviya Natsional'nykh Razlichiy [Cultural Values of Orientation: Nature and Consequences of National Differences]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshey Shkoly Ekonomiki, 5(2), 37-67.
Schwartz, Sh. (2008). Kul'turnyye Tsennosti Oriyentatsii: Priroda i Sledstviya Natsional'nykh Razlichiy [Cultural Values of Orientation: Nature and Consequences of National Differences]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshey Shkoly Ekonomiki [Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics], 5(2), 37-67. https://lumenpublishing.com/journals/index.php/rrem/article/download/2409/pdf/6849
Simpson, B., & Willer, R. (2008). Altruism and Indirect Reciprocity: The Interaction of Person and Situation in Prosocial Behavior. Social Psychology Quarterly, 71(1), 37-52. https://doi.org/10.1177/019027250807100106
Sunbul, Z. A. (2021). Indirect Relations of Mindful Awareness with Different Forms of Prosocial Actions Within College Students: The Mediating Role of Empathy. Current Psychology, 40(1), 126-132. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00342-6
Zuffianòa, A. A., Guido, A., Kanacri, B. P. L., Pastorelli, C., Milioni, M., Ceravolo, R., Caprara, M. G., & Caprara, G. V. (2014). The Relation Between Prosociality and Self-Esteem From Middle-Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Personality and Individual Differences, 63, 24-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.041
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journalright of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs